Markov brothers' inequality
In mathematics, the Markov brothers' inequality is an inequality proved in the 1890s by brothers Andrey Markov and Vladimir Markov, two Russian mathematicians. This inequality bounds the maximum of the derivatives of a polynomial on an interval in terms of the maximum of the polynomial. For k = 1 it was proved by Andrey Markov, and for k = 2,3,... by his brother Vladimir Markov.
Let P be a polynomial of degree ≤ n. Then
Equality is attained for Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind.
- Achiezer, N.I. (1992). Theory of approximation. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
- Markov, A.A. (1890). "On a question by D. I. Mendeleev". Zap. Imp. Akad. Nauk. St. Petersburg. 62: 1–24.
- Markov, V.A. (1892). "О функциях, наименее уклоняющихся от нуля в данном промежутке (On Functions of Least Deviation from Zero in a Given Interval)". Appeared in German with a foreword by Sergei Bernstein as Markov, V.A. (1916). "Über Polynome, die in einem gegebenen Intervalle möglichst wenig von Null abweichen". Math. Ann. 77: 213–258. doi:10.1007/bf01456902.