Location within Hartford County, Connecticut
|• Type||Selectman-town meeting|
|• First selectman||Bill Black|
|• Total||23.5 sq mi (60.9 km2)|
|• Land||23.4 sq mi (60.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||538 ft (164 m)|
|• Density||270/sq mi (110/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213457|
Marlborough is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. It contains the census-designated place (CDP) of Terramuggus. The town's population was 6,404 at the 2010 census. Marlborough is an upper class suburban and rural community. The local high school is RHAM High School. In 2013, Marlborough ranked third (of 24) in Connecticut Magazine's biannual ranking of Connecticut small towns, median home sale price between $175,000 and $224,999.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.5 square miles (60.9 km2), of which 23.4 square miles (60.5 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.73%, is water. Marlborough is adjacent to four other Connecticut towns (Glastonbury to the north, East Hampton to the west, Colchester to the south, and Hebron to the east). East Hampton, Colchester and Hebron are each in different counties from each other and from Marlborough.
Route 2, a two-lane highway (sometimes three) in most sections, bisects the town, and there are three Marlborough exits, at South Main Street, Route 66, and West Road, although there are exits westbound only for South Main and eastbound only for West Road. It takes approximately 15– 20 minutes to get to Hartford, 40 minutes to New London, 45 minutes to New Haven, and 40 minutes to Springfield, MA. Marlborough is generally equidistant between Boston and New York. Boston is an hour and 45 minutes away, while New York City is a two-hour car ride, pending traffic conditions. Popular vacation areas are also reasonable drives from Marlborough. The Berkshire Mountains are an hour and 20 minutes away, and popular Rhode Island beaches, depending on which one you go to, are an hour (Misquamicut, Westerly) to an hour and 20 minutes away (Narragansett).
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,709 people, 2,005 households, and 1,626 families residing in the town. The population density was 245.2 people per square mile (94.7/km²). There were 2,057 housing units at an average density of 88.4 per square mile (34.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.51% White, 0.77% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.05% of the population.
There were 2,005 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.8% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.9% were non-families. 13.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males. According to the Connecticut Economic Resource Center the 2008 median household income in Marlborough was $125,917.
The median income for a household in the town was $105,265, and the median income for a family was $120,346. Males had a median income of $78,789 versus $64,959 for females. The per capita income for the town was $49,605. About 0.4% of families and 1.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over.
The beginnings of the town can be traced back to the opening of Sadler's Ordinary in 1648—which is still in business today. Formerly a crossroads of sorts, travelers would stop to rest at the heart of what is now Marlborough center during colonial times, and eventually a petition was filed to the colonial government to form an Ecclesiastical Society in 1747. Marlborough was incorporated on 13 October 1803 with land from parts of three neighboring towns: Glastonbury, Colchester (New London County) and Hebron (Tolland County). A complete town history called Reflections Into Marlborough's History was published in 2007.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 25, 2005|
|Party||Active Voters||Inactive Voters||Total Voters||Percentage|
Notable people, past and present
- Larry Boardman (born 1936), boxer born in Marlborough
- Chris Cillizza (born 1976), news reporter born in Marlborough
- Mary Hall (1843-1927), suffragist, first female lawyer in Connecticut, born in Marlborough
- William Henry Richmond (1821-1922), anthracite coal mine operator born in Marlborough
- Gretchen Ulion (born 1972), 1998 Winter Olympics ice hockey gold medalist
- Rachel Roberts (born 1991), Villanova Women's Basketball team member
Points of interest
- Marlborough Congregational Church, placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993
- Marlborough Arts Center – A non-profit regional arts center housed in the restored Charles W. Hall building. Its art gallery is open during specific weekends when exhibits are held, and on the fourth Friday of each month for live performances as part of its Fourth Friday @ the Arts Cafe series. Art classes and workshops are available in its classroom. See website for hours and information. 
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Marlborough town, Hartford County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Town of Marlborough." Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- Conn. Spec. Acts 1803, 2:1157-1158.
- "Hartford County". Retrieved January 7, 2013.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 25, 2005" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-09-23. Retrieved 2006-10-02.
- "William Henry Richmond," National Cyclopaedia of American Biography: Volume 9. New York: James T. White and Company, 1899; pp. 103-104.
- Mary Hall, Report of the Celebration of the Centennial of the Incorporation of the Town of Marlborough: August 23d and 25th, 1903. Hartford: Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1904.
- Town of Marlborough official website
- Marlborough Arts Center
- Marlborough Public School District
- Richmond Memorial Library
- Marlborough Business Association
- Reflections Into Marlborough's History