Marlborough Fine Art
Marlborough Fine Art was founded in London, England, in 1946 by Frank Lloyd and Harry Fischer. In 1963, a gallery was opened in Manhattan, New York, USA, on Madison Avenue and 57th Street, which later relocated in 1971 to its present location, 40 West 57th Street. The gallery operates another New York space on West 24th Street called Marlborough Contemporary, which opened in 2007. They also have galleries in Madrid, Monaco, Barcelona, and Santiago.
In 1948, the two initial founders were joined by a third partner, David Somerset, since 1984 the Duke of Beaufort, and now chairman of Marlborough Fine Art (London) Ltd. Their early exhibitions were widely reviewed and by 1952 Marlborough was selling masterpieces of late 19th century including bronzes by Edgar Degas and paintings by Mary Cassatt, Paul Signac, Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley, Auguste Renoir, and drawings by Constantin Guys and Vincent van Gogh.
In the late 1950s and early 1960s, Marlborough put on a string of prime exhibitions related to expressionism and the modern German tradition: "Art in Revolt, Germany 1905–1925", "Kandinsky, the Road to Abstraction" and "The Painters of the Bauhaus". These were followed by a major Kurt Schwitters show in 1963. In the 1960s Marlborough staged exhibitions by Francis Bacon, Henry Moore, Jackson Pollock and Egon Schiele.
In the 1960s, Frank Lloyd moved to New York and in 1972 his son Gilbert Lloyd assumed control of Marlborough Fine Art in London. At this time Pierre Levai, Frank Lloyd's nephew, took over the running of Marlborough in New York. During the 1970s and 1980s, Marlborough staged exhibitions by Frank Auerbach, Lynn Chadwick, Lucian Freud, Barbara Hepworth, R.B. Kitaj, Ben Nicholson, Victor Pasmore, John Piper, Graham Sutherland, Jacques Lipchitz, René Magritte, Max Beckmann, Max Bill, and Henri Matisse. The gallery organized the "Schwitters in Exile" exhibition of 1981 which renewed interest in the late work of this artist.
During the 1980s and 1990s, exhibitions of work by Stephen Conroy, John Davies, Bill Jacklin, Ken Kiff, and Paula Rego were held. In 1994–95, R.B. Kitaj had a major retrospective exhibition at the Tate Gallery, London travelling to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the Metropolitan Museum, New York. In 2001, Paula Rego showed at Abbot Hall Art Gallery & Museum in Kendal, northern England, which travelled to the Yale Center for British Art in the USA. Another retrospective exhibition of Paula Rego's work, curated by Marco Livingstone, was shown at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, in 2007. The exhibition then travelled to the National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, D.C., in 2008. In 2005, London held an exhibition of prints by the 90-year-old Louise Bourgeois. Lucian Freud's etchings was followed by an exhibition by the American artist Dale Chihuly.
During the 1990s, Marlborough took another new step in becoming one of the first galleries in the Western world to exhibit contemporary art from China. In 1953 Marlborough had already staged a small exhibition of two Chinese painters in London and during the 1960s Marlborough exhibited the abstract paintings of the Taiwanese artist Lin Sho-Yu（zh:林壽宇） (who worked in London under the name of Richard Lin（zh:林壽宇）). The gallery's relationship with Chinese art took on a different dimension with the exhibition, "New Art from China: Post 1979", which opened at the London gallery in 1994.
Before being stopped by a court ruling, Marlborough Gallery sold more than 100 paintings by the late artist Mark Rothko at fraudulently undervalued prices and split the profits with the Rothko executor from whom they had obtained them. In 1975, a New York State court removed the executors, canceled contracts with Marlborough and fined them and the gallery $9.2 million.
- "History". Marlborough Fine Art, London, UK. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "Marlborough New York". Marlborough Gallery, New York, USA. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "Galleries". Marlborough Fine Art, London, UK. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- Smith, Roberta (8 April 2010). "Conversation About Picasso Spanning 4 City Blocks". New York Times. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- Dobrzynski, Judith H. (2 November 1998). "A Betrayal The Art World Can't Forget; The Battle for Rothko's Estate Altered Lives and Reputations". New York Times. Retrieved 23 September 2011.