|Born||3 August 1953|
Cape Town, South Africa
|Awards||Rolf Schock Prize in Visual Arts (2011)|
Marlene Dumas (born 1953) is a South African artist and painter.
Life and work
Dumas was born in 1953 in Cape Town, South Africa, and grew up in Kuils River in the Western Cape, where her father had a vineyard. She studied art at the University of Cape Town from 1972 to 1975, and then at Ateliers '63 in Haarlem, in North Holland in the Netherlands. She studied psychology at the University of Amsterdam in 1979–1980.
She often uses reference material of polaroid photographs of her friends and lovers, whilst she also references magazines and pornographic material. Marlene Dumas also paints portraits of children and erotic scenes to impact the world of contemporary art. She has said that her works are better appreciated as originals since many of her smaller sexual works are very intimate.
Dumas paintings are seen as portraits but they do not represent people but an emotional state that one could be in. Her art focuses on more serious issues and themes such as sexuality and race, guilt and innocence, violence and tenderness. Dumas style is more older romanticism tradition. She uses loose brushstrokes to add distortion but also great detail to her art. 
Her first major American museum exhibition, a midcareer retrospective entitled "Measuring Your Own Grave", opened in June 2008 at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, and moved to the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.
The sale of Dumas's Jule-die Vrou (1985), positioned Dumas as one of three living female artists to trade for over $1 million.
Dumas's paintings were exhibited at the 2003 Venice Biennale.
An exhibition of Dumas's paintings entitled 'The Image as Burden' was exhibited at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, Holland from 6 September 2014- 4 January 2015.
- Deborah Solomon (15 June 2008). Figuring Marlene Dumas. The New York Times Magazine. Accessed July 2018.
- Cecile Johnson (2003). Dumas, Marlene. Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Accessed July 2018. doi:10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T024001. (subscription required)
- Christopher Bagley (1 June 2008). Dutch Master. W. Accessed July 2018.
- Robert Ayers (29 November 2006), Marlene Dumas, ARTINFO, retrieved 23 April 2008
- Mary Horlock (11 June 1997). "Artist biography; Marlene Dumas". Tate. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- Kit-Messham-Muir (20 February 2015). "'You start with the image'; Marlene Dumas at the Tate Modern". The Conversation. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- Sarah Thornton. Seven days in the art world. New York. ISBN 9780393337129. OCLC 489232834.
- Chadwick, Whitney (2012). Women, Art, and Society (5 ed.). New York: Thames and Hudson Inc. p. 476. ISBN 978-0-500-20405-4.
- Selma Klein Essink, Marcel Vos and Jan Debbaut, Miss Interpreted, exhibition catalogue, Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven 1992
- Jonathan Hutchinson, Chlorosis, exhibition catalogue, The Dougles Hyde Gallery, Dublin 1994
- Catherine Kinley, Marlene Dumas, exhibition broadsheet, Tate Gallery, London 1996
- Gianni Romano, Suspect, Skira, Milan, 2003
- Cornelia Butler, Marlene Dumas: painter as witness, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 2008
- Ilaria Bonacossa, Dominic van den Boogerd, Barbara Bloom and Mariuccia Casadio, Marlene Dumas, Phaidon Press, London, 2009
- Neal Benezra and Olga M. Viso, Distemper: Dissonant Themes in the Art of the 1990s. Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C. 1996
- Marlene Dumas: Measuring Your Own Grave Exhibition at MoMA