This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (October 2015)
|Birth name||Marlon Williams|
|Born||September 30, 1962|
New York City, U.S.
Marlon Williams (born September 30, 1962), better known by his stage name Marley Marl, is an American DJ, record producer, rapper and record label founder, primarily operating in hip hop music. Marlon grew up in Queensbridge housing projects located in Queens, New York. He performed in local talent shows during the early days of rap music, further fueling his interest.
He was also featured on Eric B. & Rakim's "Paid in Full" from their debut album, which was also recorded in his studio. He is credited with influencing a number of hip hop icons such as RZA, DJ Premier, Madlib, and Pete Rock. Producer Madlib stated in an interview that Marley was the first producer who inspired him to make beats. Vibe magazine wrote that he, "forever changed the sound of hip-hop with his unique beat barrages."
Marley's career started with an interest in electronica. As a young intern at Unique Recording Studios in the early 1980s, he had an opportunity to experiment with very expensive samplers like the Fairlight CMI. One day during a studio session with an artist named Captain Rock he discovered sampling by accident.
"I was actually trying to get a riff off of a record. I made a mistake and got the snare in there before the sound came. I was truncating the vocal part but the snare was playing with the beat — we was truncating while the beat was playing. Thank God the beat was playing, because it probably wouldn't have happened if the beat wasn't playing. So I was playing it and the snare sounded better than the snare that I had from the drum machine when I was popping it."
A short time later pioneering hip-hop radio DJ Mr. Magic heard Marley Marl's remix of Malcolm McLaren's Buffalo Gals, leading to Marley becoming his DJ. They eventually started the hip-hop collective the Juice Crew together in 1983. 1986 saw the foundation of Cold Chillin' Records, where Marley served as in-house producer for many projects. He earned $250,000 per year for his production work. The label was also home to many Juice Crew artists.
Marley caught his big break in 1984, with artist Roxanne Shante's hit "Roxanne's Revenge". In a 2008 interview Shante noted how seriously he took recording despite his limited setup. "We'd be recording in his living room on a reel-to-reel and four-tracks. I really just wanted to go to the mall after one take, but Marley always made me do it again."
Another significant early record was 1985's "Marley Marl Scratch" featuring MC Shan. The song was recorded on a four-track cassette recorder and Shan used a mic with a missing ball to record his lyrics.
Several of his early record feature inventive use of the Roland TR-808 drum machine. On MC Shan's 1986 Pop Art single "The Bridge', which later appeared on his 1987 album Down By Law, Marley used the 808 pulse to trigger different samplers. According to Biz Markie, the button on Marley's 808 stuck during the recording of his hit "Make the Music with Your Mouth, Biz", leading to sound heard on the record today. Juice Crew member Big Daddy Kane praised his ability to pair 808 drum sounds with sampled drums. "Regardless of how clean or brand-new the record was that he was sampling, or light the production may have been, he always gave it a really gritty feel when he sampled it. He always put the 808 to it and gave it a heavy bottom and warm feel."
In the late 1980s, the Juice Crew gained increased attention from mainstream publications. Spin magazine wrote, "they've produced some of the genre's toughest, most uncompromising music." At the time Marley began a streak of producing entire albums for several Juice Crew members. He produced all of the tracks on Craig G's The Kingpin (1989), Big Daddy Kane's Long Live The Kane (1988), Biz Markie's Goin' Off (1988), Kool G Rap & DJ Polo's Road to the Riches (1989), MC Shan's Down By Law (1987) and Born to Be Wild (1988), and Roxanne Shante's Bad Sister (1989).
In 1988, he produced the Juice Crew posse cut "The Symphony" by using a Hal Jackson record from the WBLS record library as a sample source.
Post-Juice Crew and Cold Chillin'
In 1996, Marley filed a suit against Cold Chillin' for unpaid royalties.
In 2007 he produced the entire Hip Hop Lives album for former rival KRS-One.
- In Control, Volume 1 (1988)
- In Control Volume II (For Your Steering Pleasure) (1991)
- Hip-Hop Dictionary (2000)
- Re-Entry (2001)
- Hip-Hop Lives (with KRS-One) (2007)
- Operation Take Back Hip-Hop (with Craig G) (2008)
- House of Hits (1995)
- Best of Cold Chillin' (2001)
- Marley Marl's House of Hits (released 2007)
- Hip Hop's Hero w/ Nikal Fieldz (released 2010)
Marl was referenced on Biggie Smalls' track "Juicy" as being one of Smalls' early influences.
- ^ Steve Huey. "Marley Marl". AllMusic. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "F.D.S #39 – THE ERIC B EPISODE – FULL EPISODE". YouTube. August 8, 2017. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- ^ Colin Larkin, ed. (1998). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Dance Music (First ed.). Virgin Books. p. 211. ISBN 0-7535-0252-6.
- ^ Mao, Jeff Chairman (2014). "Marley Marl Lecture". Red Bull Music Academy. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
- ^ Mao, Jeff Chairman (December 1997). "The Microphone God". Vibe: 134 – via Google Books.
- ^ Biography, AllMusic
- ^ Torres, Andre (November 19, 2013). "Madlib revived the crate-digging tradition before flipping the script and embracing live playing". Wax Poetics.
- ^ Mao, Jeff Chairman (September 1998). "Props: The Juice Crew". Vibe: 312 – via Google Books.
- ^ a b c d e f Muhammad, Ali Shaheed; Kelley, Frannie (September 12, 2013). "Microphone Check: Marley Marl On The Bridge Wars, LL Cool J And Discovering Sampling". NPR. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
- ^ Kondo, Toshitaka (May 2005). "Karma: Marley Marl's Juice Crew ran rap in the '80s, but nothing lasts forever". Vibe: 56 – via Google Books.
- ^ Gonzales, Michael A. (2008). "Crew Deep: Marley Marl Forms the Indomitable Juice Crew". Vibe: 88 – via Google Books.
- ^ Merlis, Ben (2019). Goin' Off: The Story of the Juice Crew & Cold Chillin' Records (RPM Series Book 3). BMG Books. ISBN 978-1-947026-32-2.
- ^ Coleman, Brian (2007). Check the Technique: Liner Notes for Hip-Hop Junkies. New York: Villard. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-8129-7775-2.
- ^ Coleman, Brian (2007). Check the Technique: Liner Notes for Hip-Hop Junkies. New York: Villard. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-8129-7775-2.
- ^ Leland, John (December 1988). "Singles". Spin: 112 – via Google Books.
- ^ Coleman, Monyca D. (November 9, 1996). "Gossip". Indianapolis Recorder. Retrieved August 11, 2020.
- ^ "The Notorious B.I.G. – Juicy". Genius.com. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- AllMusic biography
- Facebook page
- Marley Marl discography at Discogs
- Marley Marl at IMDb
- 1962 births
- Living people
- African-American male rappers
- Rappers from New York City
- People from Long Island City, Queens
- American hip hop record producers
- Cold Chillin' Records artists
- African-American record producers
- American hip hop DJs
- East Coast hip hop musicians
- 21st-century American rappers
- Record producers from New York (state)
- 21st-century American male musicians
- 21st-century African-American musicians
- 20th-century African-American people
- Juice Crew members
- Barely Breaking Even artists
- Def Jam Recordings artists