Marlin K. Jensen
|Marlin K. Jensen|
|First Quorum of the Seventy|
|April 1, 1989– October 6, 2012|
|End reason||Designated an emeritus general authority|
|Presidency of the Seventy|
|August 15, 1998– August 15, 2001|
|End reason||Honorably released|
|Emeritus General Authority|
|October 6, 2012|
|Born||Marlin Keith Jensen
May 18, 1942
Huntsville, Utah, United States
Marlin Keith Jensen (born May 18, 1942) has been a general authority of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) since 1989. He served as the official Church Historian and Recorder of the church from 2005 to 2012. He was the 19th man to hold that calling since it was established in 1830. Jensen was made an emeritus general authority in the October 2012 general conference.
- 1 Biographical background
- 2 General authority
- 3 Major statements
- 4 Publications
- 5 Notes
- 6 External links
Jensen was born in Huntsville, Utah. As a 19-year-old, he served as a missionary for the LDS Church in West Germany. After returning home in 1964, he graduated from BYU with a B.S. in German. He obtained a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Utah College of Law in 1970, graduating first in his class. At the relatively young age of 28, he served as bishop of his ward in Huntsville, as had both his father and grandfather. He later served as president of the Huntsville Utah Stake. In 1987 he became a regional representative for the Kaysville Utah and Layton Utah regions.
Professionally, Jensen was an attorney in private practice in Ogden, Utah, specializing in business and estate planning. This supported his real passion of living a farming lifestyle. His family operates a ranching enterprise called Jensens' Middle Fork Ranch, in which he is a partner.
In 1989, Jensen became a member of the First Quorum of the Seventy at the age of 46. In 1993, he was made assistant executive director of the church's Priesthood Department, later becoming executive director until 2001. From 1993 to 1995, while a general authority, Jensen served as president of the church's New York Rochester Mission. In 1995, Jensen became a member of the church's Public Affairs Committee. From 1996 to 1998 he was executive director of the Church Historical Department. He served in the First Quorum of the Seventy until 1998, when he became a member of the Presidency of the Seventy, and in 2000 he also became the general president of the church's Sunday School. Jensen served in these positions until 2001. In 2004, he replaced D. Todd Christofferson as executive director of the Family and Church History Department, a position he held previously when it was just the Historical Department. In 2005, he became the first Church Historian and Recorder to serve since 1997. He served in this capacity until 2012 and was designated an emeritus general authority in October 2012.
Jensen has served in various area presidency positions. As a new Seventy in 1989, he was counselor to John K. Carmack, president of the Utah Central Area. From 1990 to 1992, Jensen served as president of the Utah North Area. He later served first as a counselor, then as president, of the North America Northeast Area. He was president of the Europe Central Area from 2001 to 2003.
Jensen was Church Historian and Recorder from 2005 to 2012, and executive director of the church's history department from 2004 to 2012. In these roles and as a church official, Jensen has spoken at General Conference, BYU Women's Conference (1998), BYU Family History and Genealogy Conference (2006), Northern Utah Family History Conference (2006), Yale's American Society of Church History (2007), and the Mormon History Association Conference (2005 and 2007). Jensen has also notably attended various conferences, including the Library of Congress' Worlds of Joseph Smith Symposium (2005) and UVSC's Mormon Studies Conference (2008).
Not a trained historian or academic, Jensen brought a passion to his work; reading widely, gathering scholars, and implementing changes. Observers reported that his contributions "helped transform the Utah-based faith's approach to its history," and saw the church's history department "truly come of age." Terryl Givens said of his legacy, "Marlin Jensen has done more to further the cause of Mormon history than any person of the current generation."
Several major developments occurred during Jensen's leadership over the church's history department.
- Joseph Smith Papers Project: In 2001, the LDS Church and BYU created the Joseph Smith Papers Project, intended to revise and expand on the longtime work of Dean C. Jessee to collect and publish all known writings of Joseph Smith. Under Jensen, the project expanded into a 30-some volume, multi-year effort endorsed by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission of the National Archives. In 2005, Jensen said this was "the single most significant historical project of our generation".
- Church History Library: Plans were finalized in 2005 to build a new 250,000-square-foot (23,000 m2), 5 floor building near Temple Square to house the church archives and history department staff. It was opened to the general public in June 2009.
- Researchers return to archives: From 1980–1982, the church moved the History Division of the Historical Department to Provo, Utah, to become the Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Church History at BYU. In late 2004, discussions began about returning researchers to the LDS Archives to increase pace and reduce costs in the Joseph Smith Papers Project. In June 2005, the Joseph Fielding Smith Institute was closed and the staff moved back to the Church Office Building, and in 2009 relocated again to the new Church History Library.
- Church Historian's Press: On February 25, 2008, a new imprint called the Church Historian's Press was announced as the long-awaited publisher for the Joseph Smith Papers. Jensen mentioned the press could be used to publish George Q. Cannon's journals or other documentary works, and perhaps someday narrative histories and biographies that make use of the Church Archives.
- Separate department: On March 12, 2008, the Family and Church History Department was divided into the Family History Department and the Church History Department.
- New Assistant Church Historian called: On March 12, 2008, when the Church History Department was formed, Richard Turley was called as the first Assistant Church Historian since Davis Bitton was released in 1982.
- Mountain Meadows: At the 2007 sesquicentennial of the Mountain Meadows massacre, descendants of the victims petitioned the LDS Church to secure landmark status for its holdings at the Mountain Meadows site. On March 28, 2008, Jensen addressed these families and said the LDS Church would seek National Historic Landmark designation for these properties, which was granted in 2011. He worked to strengthen relationships with the victims' descendants and encouraged publication of a new "no-holds-barred" history, coauthored by Jensen's Assistant, Richard Turley.
- Technological modernization: Thousands of the LDS Church's historical documents were mass digitized and made freely available online, including the Joseph Smith Papers. Historian Jan Shipps called this "a change that is so epochal it would be very hard to turn it back." In addition to developing a new church-wide system for digitally collecting and managing records, the Church History Library's searchable catalog was made available online. A five-year plan was developed for using technology to preserve and share LDS history.
- International history: The Church History Department decentralized its collecting of international church history. Church Historians were called for individual Areas and countries, and oral histories were to be gathered from mission presidents and area presidents when they were released. Before this time, little had been done to gather international church history. Jensen saw this project as "one of the significant accomplishments in this period of time."
- Historical professionalism: Jensen worked to make the Church History Department authoritative and trusted within the LDS Church, as well as by "historians who write from different points of view". Jensen strained to make archive materials more publicly available and to set the tone of "unflinching honesty ... for a whole new generation of LDS academics." He attended academic conferences and was the first LDS general authority at the Mormon History Association annual meeting.
In January 2012, it was announced that, after a transition period, Steven E. Snow would replace Jensen as the Church Historian and Recorder later in the year. Snow succeeded Jensen on August 1, 2012. On October 6, 2012, Jensen was then released from the First Quorum of the Seventy and designated as an emeritus general authority at the LDS Church's semi-annual general conference. LDS Church practice is to release Seventies from service following their 70th birthdays, which Jensen had observed in May of that year.
Jensen at times addressed the press or public as a church representative. He often acted as a peacemaker, attempting to bring understanding or empathy to divisive issues. While not always official church positions, his statements illustrated his candid views as a leader within the LDS Church.
On April 22, 1998, Jensen was sent by the First Presidency to give an interview with the Salt Lake Tribune in reaction to a 1998 First Presidency statement and to explicitly state that someone could be a devout Mormon and a member of the Democratic Party. He lamented the decline of the Utah Democratic Party, and regretted that the Republican Party might be seen as the "church party". He felt that good Latter-day Saints will have conflicts with either party's platform, from which they must selectively pick and choose.
The Mormons (PBS)
- Doubt: Jensen described questioning his religion while in philosophy classes where he had to "test [his] belief against ... other theories." This led him to reinforce his faith through deeper study.
- Correlation: "We are really trying to take account of cultural differences and to not feel that this Utah influence or even the American influence has to be worldwide."
- Folklore of the priesthood ban: Jensen recalled his attempts to have the church repudiate the rationale some use to explain the priesthood ban.
- Historical truth claims: "I think we take it very literally. We don't deconstruct and feel that what we have is the figment of language or our imagination, or that there is some middle ground. I know that is very polarizing. In a sense, I think the hardest public relations sell we have to make is that this is the only true church."
- Homosexuality: Jensen said the gospel allows either heterosexuality or celibacy. He empathized with celibate gay members, since the church cannot offer them hope of eventually finding love in this life as it can with single heterosexuals.
- Faith-promoting history: Jensen questioned whether the Church Historian should only focus on reinforcing faith, or if he should also focus on "objective" histories.
- Excommunicable doctrines: Jensen mentioned that members may receive disciplinary action in supporting gay marriage or opposing Book of Mormon divinity, if they are "openly vocal" and "malign the leadership in the church for not adopting that position."
On February 13, 2008, Jensen urged the Utah State Legislature to show compassion in considering laws that would affect undocumented immigrants. Several bills were under debate to block undocumented access to jobs and public benefits, such as in-state tuition and driving privilege cards. On behalf of the First Presidency at Westminster College's Interfaith Dialogue on Immigration, Jensen said lawmakers should "take a step back" since this "deal[s] with God's children" and "a more humane approach is warranted".
In a February 25, 2008 press release about the new Church Historian's Press publishing the Joseph Smith Papers, Jensen offered instruction on how to approach church history. He asked for LDS historians to "not be in an apologetic mode, but to be as open, candid and fair about our own history as we can". They should foster a culture of mutual openness with the general historical community. Jensen observed "greater dialogue coming about, less suspicion and a greater openness that is coming to pass".
On May 5, 2008, Jensen officially responded to Timothy Egan's New York Times op-ed piece which claimed that FLDS polygamy "is a look back at some of the behavior of Mormonism's founding fathers". Jensen strongly disagreed and pointed out that by 19th-century norms a 15-year-old bride was not unusual nor considered abused and the "common-law marriage age for women was 12". Plural marriages were "not controlled by the authority of one individual" and "the consent of individual women was always honored in any marriage proposal". In addition, many 19th-century polygamous wives were well-educated, politically active professionals.
On September 19, 2010, members of the Oakland, California stake were invited to share with Jensen their experiences and troubles over the LDS Church's involvement in the Proposition 8 campaign to ban gay marriage in California. After several recounted their painful experiences, Jensen responded with empathy and a personal apology, saying, “To the full extent of my capacity, I say that I am sorry .... I know that many very good people have been deeply hurt, and I know that the Lord expects better of us.”
At the invitation of Utah State University professor Philip Barlow, Jensen held a "Q&A" with a Mormon Studies student group on November 11, 2011. Jensen was asked if church leaders were aware that members were discovering problems with LDS Church history through the internet, and what is to be done for those who may be affected or "who are already leaving in droves". Jensen responded that top church leaders "realize that, maybe, since Kirtland we've never had a period of, I'll call it apostasy, like we're having right now, largely over these issues." He said a new church initiative would give answers to troubling questions, and such issues should be discussed more openly with the new internet-savvy generation. These remarks were recorded by a student and circulated online, and were picked up in a Reuters "Special Report". Jensen later clarified that critics were overstating his remarks, saying "To say we are experiencing some Titanic-like wave of apostasy is inaccurate."
- Jensen, Marlin K.; Sandra Stallings Jenkins (June 1990). "Friend to Friend". The Friend: 6.
- —— (November 18, 1990). "Follow the Gospel Plan". (Fireside address). Provo, Utah: J. Reuben Clark Law School, Brigham Young University. Missing or empty
- —— (1993). "Loving with the Spirit and with the Understanding". Devotional and Fireside Speeches, 1992-93. pp. 91–99. Archived from the original on 2006-09-01.
- —— (October 1994). "A Union of Love and Understanding". Ensign: 46–51.
- —— (1996). "Living After the Manner of Happiness". Speeches (Brigham Young University) 1995-96. pp. 29–37. Archived from the original on 2006-09-01.
- —— (1997). "Martin Harris". Heroes of the Restoration. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft. ISBN 1-57008-291-X.
- —— (Fall 1997). "Where Art Thou?: Answering God's Interrogatories" (PDF). Clark Memorandum. Provo, Utah: J. Reuben Clark Law Society: 2–7.
- —— (1998). "Gospel Doctrines—Anchors to Our Souls". BYU Women's Conference.
- —— (1999). "Upon These We Bestow More Abundant Honor". In Ronald W. Walker; Doris R. Dant. Nearly Everything Imaginable: The Everyday Life of Utah's Mormon Pioneers. Provo: BYU Studies, Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Latter-day Saint History. pp. 3–26.
- —— (August 1999). "How to Be Happy". New Era: 4–7.
- —— (2000). "May the Kingdom of God Go Forth". 29th Sperry Symposium: Out of Obscurity. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book. pp. 1–15.
- —— (June 2001). "Making a Mighty Change". New Era: 4–7.
- ——; Melvin Leavitt (June 2006). "Friend to Friend: My Brother Gary". The Friend: 8–9.
- —— (Spring 2008). "Church History: Past, Present and Future". Journal of Mormon History. Mormon History Association. 34 (2): 20–42.
- —— (October 2008). "Gospel Doctrines: Anchors to Our Souls". Ensign: 58–61.
- —— (July 2009). "The Joseph Smith Papers: The Manuscript Revelation Books". Ensign: 46–51.
- —— (2009). "Those Who Are Different". Religious Educator. Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University. 10 (2): 15–18.
- —— (2010). "Making a Case for Church History". In Steven C. Harper; Richard E. Turley, Jr. Preserving the History of the Latter-day Saints. Provo: Religious Studies Center, BYU. pp. 1–18.
- —— (Fall 2011). "The Rest of the Story: Latter-day Saint Relations with Utah's Native Americans" (PDF). Mormon Historical Studies. 12 (2): 17–25.
- —— (Spring 2013). "Minding the House of Church History: Reflections of a Church Historian at the End of His Time". Journal of Mormon History. 39 (2): 78–90.
General Conference addresses
- —— (November 1989). "'An Eye Single to the Glory of God'". Ensign: 27–28.
- —— (May 1994). "The Power of a Good Life". Ensign: 47–49.
- —— (May 1999). "Friendship: A Gospel Principle". Ensign: 64–65.
- —— (May 2001). "'To Walk Humbly with Thy God'". Ensign: 9–11.
- —— (May 2007). "Remember and Perish Not". Ensign: 36–38.
- Jensen, Marlin K. (May 1993). "A Conversation on Preparing Ourselves for the Temple". Ensign.
- ——; John K. Carmack (June 1997). "Conversation: Church Museum Strengthens Members and Visitors". Ensign: 77–78.
- ——; Harrie, Dan (August 1998). "'To Have a Robust, Multi-Party System': Transcript of Salt Lake Tribune Interview with Elder Marlin K. Jensen" (PDF). Sunstone. 21 (3): 82–87.
- ——; Christensen, Tom (August 13, 2005). "Historian from Huntsville". Ogden Standard-Examiner: 4E–5E.
- ——; Boone, David F. (2007). "A Historian by Yearning: A Conversation with Elder Marlin K. Jensen". Religious Educator. Religious Studies Center. 8 (3): 1–13.
- —— (December 2007). "There Shall Be a Record Kept among You". Ensign: 28–33.
- ——; Sheri L. Dew (December 24, 2012). "Conversations: Elder Marlin K. Jensen". Mormon Channel.
- Lloyd, R. Scott (May 28, 2005). "Historian by yearning' collects, preserves: Elder Marlin K. Jensen is historian/recorder". Church News. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
- "Elder Marlin K. Jensen of the First Quorum of the Seventy". Ensign. May 1989. p. 91. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- "Marlin K. Jensen". Contributor Bios. The Joseph Smith Papers Project. Archived from the original on 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- "Donor Report" (PDF). Res Gestae. Salt Lake City: University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law. 29: 35. Autumn 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-24. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- "Appointments". Ensign. June 1987. p. 79. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- "Elder Marlin K. Jensen". Keynote Speakers and Frequent Presenters. Evergreen International. Archived from the original on 2008-12-03. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- "Called to Serve: An Historic Event—159th Annual General Conference". New Era. July 1989. p. 16. Retrieved 2008-05-28..
- "A Conversation on Preparing Ourselves for the Temple". Ensign. May 1993. p. 103. Retrieved 2008-06-03.
- "Changes in Presidency of Seventy". Ensign. August 2001. p. 75. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
- "Transcript of Marlin Jensen Interview". Latter-day Reference. Kevin Ashworth. April 22, 1998. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- Turley, Richard E., Jr. (2000). "Historian, Church". In Garr, Arnold K.; Cannon, Donald Q.; Cowan, Richard O. Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History. Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book. pp. 494–5.
- Christofferson, Ryan P. (2005). "Family History: A Conversation with Elder D. Todd Christofferson". Religious Educator. 6 (2). Retrieved 2008-06-12.[dead link]
- Ayres, B. Drummon, Jr. (May 22, 1998). "Political Briefing; A Democratic Mormon Offers Hope in Utah". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-01-13.
- "Area Presidency Assignments". Ensign. November 1989. p. 105. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- Peggy Fletcher Stack (January 19, 2012). "Changing of the guard in Mormon history". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
- Maurine Proctor (July 3, 2012). "A Church that Takes Its History Seriously". Meridian Magazine. Archived from the original on 2014-05-23. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
- Justin (March 5, 2008). "History of the Joseph Smith Papers Project". Mormon Wasp. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- "New Church History Library to Be Constructed". Newsroom. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. April 20, 2005. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- Lloyd, R. Scott (June 25, 2009). "'A record kept' among His people". Church News. Deseret News. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
- "Dr. Arrington Demoted". Salt Lake City Messenger. March 1982. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- Moore, Carrie A. (June 21, 2005). "Scholars moving to S.L." Deseret Morning News. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- Jared T (March 12, 2008). "Breaking News: Changes in Family and Church History Department Organization". Juvenile Instructor. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- Moore, Carrie A. (September 12, 2007). "Groups want church to back historic landmark status". Deseret Morning News. Retrieved 2008-12-03.
- Moore, Carrie A. (March 29, 2008). "Mountain Meadows landmark plan aims to heal, unite". Deseret News. Retrieved 2008-12-03.
- Joseph Walker (September 11, 2011). "Mountain Meadows officially becomes National Historic Landmark". Deseret News. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
- Peggy Fletcher Stack (October 8, 2012). "Mormon leadership bids farewell to peacemaking progressive". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2014-05-21.
- R. Scott Lloyd (June 25, 2012). "Church Historian: 'A record of His Church and its people'". Church News. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
- Joseph Walker (October 2, 2012). "Emeritus general authorities welcome the chance to practice what they've preached". Deseret News. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
- "First Presidency Urges Citizen Participation". Ensign: 77. April 1998. Retrieved 2008-05-29.
- Harrie, Dan (May 3, 1998). "GOP Dominance Troubles Church; It hurts Utah, says general authority, disavowing any perceived Republican-LDS Link; LDS Official Calls for More Political Diversity". Salt Lake Tribune. NewsBank Archive Article ID: 100F27A0D62170FB. Archive of online reprint by UtahCountyDems.com
- "Marlin Jensen". The Mormons: Interviews. PBS. March 7, 2006. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
- Jensen was asked by some LDS members in 1996 to address this problem. See: Stammer, Larry B. (May 18, 1998). "Mormons May Disavow Old View on Blacks". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2010-06-12.
- Bulkeley, Deborah (February 15, 2008). "Have compassion for immigrants, lawmakers urged". Deseret Morning News. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
- Romboy, Dennis (February 15, 2008). "Debate resumes over illegal immigrants' status in LDS Church". Deseret Morning News. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
- Bulkeley, Deborah (February 15, 2008). "Compassion call could affect immigration bills". Deseret Morning News. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
- "Elder Marlin K. Jensen discusses transparency, openness and dialogue within the context of Mormon scholarship". New Publishing Imprint Set to Boost Mormon Scholarship. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. February 25, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
- Egan, Timothy (April 23, 2008). "Faith of Our Fathers". Outposts. The New York Times Blog. Retrieved 2008-06-03.
- "Polygamy Then and Now", lds.org, accessed 2008-05-30.
- Joanna Brooks, "Mormon Leader: ‘I’m Sorry’ For Hurtful Legacy of Prop. 8" Archived 2014-06-04 at the Wayback Machine., Religion Dispatches, 2010-09-28.
- Peter Henderson; Kristina Cooke (January 30, 2012). "Special report-Mormonism besieged by the modern age". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-05-21.
- Peggy Fletcher Stack (February 3, 2012). "Mormons tackling tough questions in their history". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2014-05-21.
- "Discussion of Mormon apostasy spreads". Mormon Chronicles. February 1, 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-21.
- Stephen Smoot (January 15, 2013). "Reports of the Death of the Church are Greatly Exaggerated". FairMormon Blog. Retrieved 2014-05-21.