Marmaduke Matthews

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Marmaduke Matthews
Marmaduke Matthews

(1837-08-29)29 August 1837
Died24 September 1913(1913-09-24) (aged 76)
NationalityBritish, Canadian
EducationUniversity of Oxford
Known forPainting

Marmaduke Matthews (29 August 1837–24 September 1913) was an English painter born in Barcheston, Warwickshire, England.[1]

He studied watercolour painting at Oxford University before moving to Toronto, Canada in 1860 to embark on a career as an esteemed painter of western landscapes. He was hired by the Canadian Pacific Railway to paint the Canadian prairies and rocky mountains. He worked under William van Horne, then-president of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and made several cross-country trips to Canada's west, including in 1887, 1889 and 1892.[2] He reportedly drew his sketches from the cowcatcher of a locomotive train.[3]


He is also notable for playing a founding role in the Ontario Society of Artists and the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts as a watercolour painter. In Toronto, he is affectionately remembered as the creator of Wychwood Park - a plot of land that he once lived on, that is now one of the higher-income neighbourhoods in Toronto.[4]