A Marman clamp is a type of heavy-duty band clamp; it allows two flat cylindrical interfaces to be simply clamped together with a ring clamp. It is sometimes also known as a "Marman ring".
A common use for Marman clamps is as quick-disconnect connectors in flexible aircraft fuel lines.
Marman clamps are used extensively in spaceflight systems, and are common mechanical load transfer and clamping mechanisms for connecting the upper stage and the satellite payload of space vehicles, for example on the Cassini Plasma Spectrometer on the Cassini orbiter. They may also be used to join stages of a booster rocket.
Early separation systems using Marman clamps used explosive bolts for release. These have problems of unpredictability, the need to contain debris and difficulties in testing them. A more recent approach uses a screw thread. The tension of the clamp band itself is used to power the unscrewing of a central bolt, when released by a NASA Standard Initiator (NSI), a pyrotechnic pin puller.
At the time it was designed to secure cargo during transport. The U.S. Military used it to transport the atomic bombs used at the end of the Second World War.
Marman clamps are found in many modern moving vehicles, though the screw band type clamp is becoming more popular.
The name is often incorrectly spelled "Marmon".
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- "Marman Clamp System Design Guidelines" (PDF). Guideline no. GD-ED-2214. NASA . Retrieved 2012-10-20.
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- Lazansky, Chuck (2012). "Refinement of a Low-Shock Separation System" (PDF). Proc. of the 41st Aerospace Mechanisms Symposium. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. p. 332. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Lazansky 2012, p. 333
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