Marmara Region

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Marmara
Marmara Bölgesi
Marmara Region in Turkey.svg
Coordinates: 41°00′N 29°00′E / 41.000°N 29.000°E / 41.000; 29.000Coordinates: 41°00′N 29°00′E / 41.000°N 29.000°E / 41.000; 29.000
CountryTurkey
CapitalIstanbul
Provinces
Government
 • President of the Regional CouncilTahir Büyükakın
Area
 • Total67,000 km2 (26,000 sq mi)
Area rank6th
Population
 (Jan. 2021)(INSEE)
 • Total24,550,210
 • Rank1th
Demonym(s)Turkish: Marmara
Time zoneUTC+03:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeTR-IDF
GRP[1]Ranked 1st
 –Total$582 billion / 1,405,514 milion (GDP PPP) in 2018
 –Per capita€60,100 ($71,900)
NUTS RegionTR1
Websitemarmara.gov.tr

The Marmara Region (Turkish: Marmara Bölgesi) is a geographical region of Turkey.

Located in northwestern Turkey, it is bordered by Greece and the Aegean Sea to the west, Bulgaria and the Black Sea to the north, the Black Sea Region to the east, the Central Anatolia Region to the southeast and the Aegean Region to the south. At the center of the region is the Sea of Marmara, which gives the region its name. The largest city in the region is Istanbul.

Among the seven geographical regions, the Marmara Region has the second-smallest area, yet the largest population; it is the most densely populated region in the country.

Subdivision[edit]

  • Çatalca - Kocaeli Section (Turkish: Çatalca - Kocaeli Bölümü)
    • Adapazarı Area (Turkish: Adapazarı Yöresi)
    • Istanbul Area (Turkish: Istanbul Yöresi)
  • Ergene Section (Turkish: Ergene Yöresi)
  • Southern Marmara Section (Turkish: Güney Marmara Bölümü)
    • Biga - Gallipoli Area (Turkish: Biga - Gelibolu Yöresi)
    • Bursa Area (Turkish: BursaYöresi)
    • Karesi Area (Turkish: Karesi Yöresi)
    • Samanlı Area (Turkish: Samanlı Yöresi)
  • Yıldız Section (Turkish: Yıldız Bölümü)

Ecoregions[edit]

Terrestrial[edit]

Palearctic[edit]

Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests[edit]
Temperate coniferous forests[edit]
Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub[edit]

Provinces[edit]

Provinces that are entirely in the Marmara Region:

Provinces that are mostly in the Marmara Region:

Geography[edit]

İzmit
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
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M
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A
S
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12
5
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Turkish State Meteorology [2]

The Yıldız Mountains and Uludağ are in the Marmara Region. Islands in the Aegean Sea are Gökçeada and Bozcaada, and in the Sea of Marmara are Marmara Island, Avşa, Paşalimanı, İmralı and the Princes Islands of Istanbul.

Climate[edit]

The Marmara region has a hybrid mediterranean climate/humid subtropical climate on the Aegean Sea coast and the south Marmara Sea coast, an oceanic climate on the Black Sea coast and a humid continental climate in the interior. Summers are warm to hot, humid and moderately dry whereas winters are cold and wet and sometimes snowy. The coastal climate keeps the temperatures relatively mild.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Database - Regions - Eurostat".
  2. ^ Turkish State Meteorology Archived 2011-03-13 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]