Marmora's warbler

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Marmora's warbler
Marmora's Warbler - Sardinia - Italy S4E1036.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Sylviidae
Genus: Sylvia
Species: S. sarda
Binomial name
Sylvia sarda
Temminck, 1820, Sardinia

Marmora's warbler (Sylvia sarda) is a typical warbler, genus Sylvia. The genus name is from Modern Latin silvia, a woodland sprite, related to silva, a wood. The specific sarda is a Latin feminine form for a person from Sardinia.[2]

It breeds on Mediterranean islands, typically including Corsica and Sardinia. The smaller Balearic Islands bird is increasingly given specific status as Balearic warbler, Sylvia balearica. These two seem to form a superspecies which in turn groups with Tristram's warbler and the Dartford warbler.[3][4] They are generally resident but some birds migrate south to winter in north Africa. They are rare vagrants to northern and western Europe.

These are small, long tailed, large-headed birds, overall very similar to their close relatives in the Dartford warbler group. Marmora's warblers are grey above and below, lacking the brick-red underparts of the Dartford warbler. Adult males have darker patches on the forehead and between the eye and the pointed bill. The legs and iris are red. The song is a fast rattle. Immature birds can be confused with young Dartford warblers, which are also grey below, but Marmora's have a paler throat. Their iris is dark.

These small passerine birds are found in open country with thorny bushes and heather. 3-5 eggs are laid in a nest in a bush. Like most warblers, they are insectivorous.

This bird is named after the Italian naturalist Alberto della Marmora.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Sylvia sarda". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 347, 376. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4. 
  3. ^ Helbig, A. J. (2001): Phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Sylvia. In: Shirihai, Hadoram: Sylvia warblers: 24-29. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J. ISBN 0-691-08833-0
  4. ^ Jønsson, Knud A. and Fjeldså, Jon (2006): A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds (Aves: Passeri). Zool. Scripta 35(2): 149–186. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2006.00221.x

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