Marmoretta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marmoretta
Temporal range: Middle Jurassic, 166.2–164.7 Ma
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Clade: Lepidosauromorpha
Genus: Marmoretta
Evans, 1991
Type species
Marmoretta oxoniensis
Evans, 1991

Marmoretta is an extinct genus of small basal lepidosauromorph reptile known from the Middle Jurassic (late Bathonian age) of Oxfordshire, southern England and Skye, Scotland. It contains a single species, Marmoretta oxoniensis.[1][2]

Discovery[edit]

Marmoretta is known from holotype BMNH R.12020, the anterior region of a right maxilla. Many specimens are referred to the species from the type locality, and together represent a nearly complete skull. All specimens are housed in the Natural History Museum. They were collected from the Mammal Bed of the Forest Marble Formation, at Kirtlington, Oxfordshire, which has yielded a rich assemblage of small vertebrates including mammals, frogs, salamanders and other small reptiles. Marmoretta is very common in that locality but its remains are fragmentary.[1] In 1994, additional specimens of Marmoretta were described from the Kilmaluag Formation (previously known as the Ostracod Limestones) of the Great Estuarine Group in Skye. Thesa material of Marmoretta includes the first associated skull and postcranial remains. They confirm the original description and reconstruction, and provide additional support for position of Marmoretta as the sister taxon of Lepidosauria.[2] Both localities dates to the Late Bathonian stage of the Middle Jurassic period, about 166.2-164.7 million years ago.[1][2]

Phylogeny[edit]

Susan E. Evans and Magdalena Borsuk−Białynicka (2009) performed a phylogenetic analysis that recovered Sophineta as the sister group of Lepidosauria. The inclusion of Sophineta displaced the relictual Middle Jurassic Marmoretta and gave the origin of Lepidosauria much older age. The cladogram below follows their results.[3]

Diapsida

Araeoscelidia


Neodiapsida

Youngina



Coelurosauravus



Saurosternon


Sauria

Prolacerta


Lepidosauromorpha


Paliguana



Kuehneosauridae





Marmoretta




Sophineta


Lepidosauria

Gephyrosaurus



Squamata









Etymology[edit]

Marmoretta was first described and named by Susan E. Evans in 1991 and the type species is Marmoretta oxoniensis. The generic name is derived from Latin marmoros, meaning "Marble" and refers to the Forest Marble Formation - the source of the initial specimens of Marmoretta. The specific name is derived from Oxonia, the Latinised form of "Oxford", in reference to Oxfordshire.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Evans, S. E. (1991). "A new lizard-like reptile (Diapsida: Lepidosauromorpha) from the Middle Jurassic of England". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 103 (4): 391. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1991.tb00910.x. 
  2. ^ a b c Waldman, M.; Evans, S. E. (1994). "Lepidosauromorph reptiles from the Middle Jurassic of Skye". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 112: 135. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1994.tb00315.x. 
  3. ^ Susan E. Evans and Magdalena Borsuk−Białynicka (2009). "A small lepidosauromorph reptile from the Early Triassic of Poland" (PDF). Paleontologica Polonica. 65: 179–202.