Marnardal

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Marnardal kommune
Coat of arms of Marnardal kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Marnardal kommune
Vest-Agder within
Norway
Marnardal within Vest-Agder
Marnardal within Vest-Agder
Coordinates: 58°14′34″N 07°29′49″E / 58.24278°N 7.49694°E / 58.24278; 7.49694Coordinates: 58°14′34″N 07°29′49″E / 58.24278°N 7.49694°E / 58.24278; 7.49694
CountryNorway
CountyVest-Agder
DistrictSørlandet
Administrative centreHeddeland
Government
 • Mayor (2007)Helge Sandåker (Ap)
Area
 • Total395.01 km2 (152.51 sq mi)
 • Land375.89 km2 (145.13 sq mi)
 • Water19.12 km2 (7.38 sq mi)
Area rank#240 in Norway
Population
(2017)
 • Total2,309
 • Rank#306 in Norway
 • Density6.1/km2 (16/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
7.5%
Demonym(s)Marnardøl[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1021
Official language formNeutral
Websitewww.marnardal.kommune.no

Marnardal is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sørlandet. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Heddeland. Other villages in Marnardal include Bjelland, Breland, Koland, Laudal, and Øyslebø.

The Sørlandet Line runs through the municipality stopping at Breland Station and Marnardal Station.

The 395-square-kilometre (153 sq mi) municipality is the 240th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Marnardal is the 306th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,309. The municipality's population density is 6.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (16/sq mi) and its population has increased by 7.5% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

View around the Koland area

Marnardal was established as a new municipality on 1 January 1964 through the merger of several municipalities. These areas that became Marnardal included all Bjelland municipality except for the Midtbø and Ågedal areas (population: 535), all of the municipality of Laudal, the Kleveland bru area of Finsland (population: 34), and all of Øyslebø municipality except for the Brunvatne area (population: 1,068).[3]

On 1 January 2020, the three neighboring municipalities of Mandal, Marnardal, and Lindesnes will be merged into one large municipality called Lindesnes with its administrative centre being the town of Mandal.[4]

Name[edit]

The name of the municipality is a revival (from 1964) of the Old Norse name of the valley: Marnardalr. The first element is the genitive case of the river name Mǫrn (now called Mandalselva) and the last element is dalr meaning 'dale' or 'valley'. The meaning of the river name is unknown (maybe derived from marr which means 'sea').[5]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 19 June 1987. The arms show three gold-colored pine cones on a green background. The 3 cones symbolize each of the three former municipalities of Bjelland, Laudal, and Øyslebø which were merged into Marnardal in 1964. The green background refers to the importance of the forests which cover areas of the municipality.[5][6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Marnardal. It is part of the Mandal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark.

Churches in Marnardal
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Bjelland Bjelland Church Bjelland 1793
Laudal Laudal Church Laudal 1826
Øyslebø Øyslebø Church Øyslebø 1797

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Marnardal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Marnardal is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Marnardal Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet9
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet1
 Conservative PartyHøyre3
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti3
 Centre PartySenterpartiet5
Total number of members:21

Geography[edit]

Marnardal is an inland municipality which follows the Mandalselva river through the Mandalen valley. The municipality borders Evje og Hornnes municipality to the north in Aust-Agder county; Audnedal municipality to the west; Lindesnes, Mandal, and Søgne municipalities to the south; and Songdalen and Vennesla municipalities in the east.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bjelland
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.0
(32.0)
3.5
(38.3)
9.8
(49.6)
14.0
(57.2)
15.2
(59.4)
14.5
(58.1)
10.2
(50.4)
6.7
(44.1)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
5.8
(42.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 146
(5.7)
104
(4.1)
104
(4.1)
64
(2.5)
95
(3.7)
84
(3.3)
100
(3.9)
128
(5.0)
168
(6.6)
198
(7.8)
182
(7.2)
142
(5.6)
1,515
(59.6)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-11-05.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ "Nye Lindesnes" (in Norwegian). Lindesnes kommune. Retrieved 2017-11-05.
  5. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Marnardal" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-11-30.
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-11-30.
  7. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.
  8. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.

External links[edit]