Marne River; painted by Paul Cézanne
|Native name||La Marne|
|Progression||Seine→ English Channel|
|Basin size||12,800 km2 (4,900 sq mi)|
|Length||514 km (319 mi)|
The Marne is a river in France, an eastern tributary of the Seine in the area east and southeast of Paris. It is 514 kilometres (319 mi) long. The river gave its name to the départements of Haute-Marne, Marne, Seine-et-Marne, and Val-de-Marne.
The Marne starts in the Langres plateau, runs generally north then bends west between Saint-Dizier and Châlons-en-Champagne, joining the Seine at Charenton just upstream from Paris. Its main tributaries are the Rognon, the Blaise, the Saulx, the Ourcq, the Petit Morin and the Grand Morin.
In the Champagne région, part of the water is led through the artificial lake Lac du Der-Chantecoq, in order to regulate the water discharge. This way, large inundations or low river levels downstream are prevented.
The Marne is famous as the site of the eponymous two battles during the First World War. The first battle was a turning point of World War I, fought in 1914. The second battle was fought four years later, in 1918.
During the 19th and 20th centuries the Marne inspired many painters, among whom were:
- Camille Corot;
- Paul Cézanne;
- Pierre Emmanuel Damoye;
- Camille Pissarro;
- Henri Rousseau, known as "Le Douanier Rousseau";
- Albert Marquet;
- Raoul Dufy;
- André Dunoyer de Ségonzac;
- Louis Vuillermoz;
- Maurice Boitel;
- Daniel du Janerand.
Départements and main towns crossed
- Haute-Marne (52): Langres, Chaumont, Saint-Dizier;
- Marne (51): Vitry-le-François, Châlons-en-Champagne, Épernay;
- Aisne (02): Château-Thierry;
- Seine-et-Marne (77): Meaux, Lagny-sur-Marne, Saint-Thibault-des-Vignes, Torcy, Noisiel, Chelles;
- Seine-Saint-Denis (93): Neuilly-sur-Marne, Noisy-le-Grand, Gournay-sur-Marne, Neuilly-Plaisance;
- Val-de-Marne (94): Nogent-sur-Marne, Créteil, Charenton-le-Pont, Champigny-sur-Marne, Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, Joinville-le-Pont, Saint-Maurice, Bry-sur-Marne, Le Perreux-sur-Marne.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marne River.|
- River Marne guide Places, ports and moorings on the river.
|This Champagne-Ardenne geographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Île-de-France geographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Hauts-de-France geographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article related to a river in France is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|