Parish church of St Gregory
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||Sturminster Newton|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
Marnhull (// MAR-nəl) is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southern England. It lies in the Blackmore Vale, 3 miles (5 km) north of the small town of Sturminster Newton. The resort towns of Bournemouth and Weymouth are approximately 30 miles (50 km) to the south. Marnhull is sited on a low ridge of Corallian limestone above the valley of the River Stour, which forms the northern and western boundaries of the parish. In the 2011 census the parish had 962 dwellings, 905 households and a population of 1,998.
Marnhull consists of several conjoined hamlets, connected by a network of minor roads. The village presents a mix of architectural styles, with post-war developments existing alongside properties dating back to Tudor times and earlier. It has three churches (Anglican, Roman Catholic and Methodist), two primary schools, two public houses, a GP surgery, a village hall and a recreation ground, as well as various small shops and services. The parish church of St Gregory has a 15th-century tower which is a landmark and has been described as "the finest in the Vale."
Saxon charters show that Marnhull existed as a village in the 10th century, although the village's site has seen human occupation as early as the Iron Age, and a Roman settlement was established at Ashley Wood in the east of the parish. The Domesday Book of 1086 does not mention Marnhull by name, though the constituent settlements of Walton Elm, Burton and Kentleworth were probably recorded under the entry for Sturminster Newton as the eight hides of land owned by Waleran, Roger and Chetel. The eastern part of Marnhull parish used to be a separate parish, named Thorton, until the 16th century. Until 1763 Marnhull was the site of an annual bull-baiting event, taking place every 3 May. The event was stopped as a response to the violence and bloodshed it engendered, not just in Marnhull but also in surrounding villages.
Marnhull civil parish covers about 3,800 acres (1,500 ha) at an altitude of about 50 to 90 metres (160 to 300 ft). The western boundary of the parish is formed by the River Stour and the eastern by the Key Brook, a tributary of the Stour. The central part of the parish is drained by Chivrick's Brook, a tributary of the Key Brook. These watercourses all drain north to south. From west to east the geology of the parish comprises a thin strip of Oxford clay around the Stour, a long ridge of Corallian sand and limestone between the Stour and Chivrick's Brook, then lower-lying Kimmeridge clay between Chivrick's Brook and the eastern boundary. Marnhull village is sited on the ridge of Corallian beds, which form the highest part of the parish and are the source of the building stone extensively used throughout it.
Thomas Hardy described Marnhull as 'Marlott' in his novel Tess of the d'Urbervilles. The Crown Inn is described by Hardy as 'The Pure Drop Inn', and The Blackmore Vale Inn is described as 'Rollivers' - a disreputable and illegal drinking house, where secret ale drinking groups gathered upstairs. The television adaptation of the book was filmed in the village.[when?]
- Catherine Parr the last of Henry VIII's wives was given the original manor of Nash Court in 1544. From her it passed to Edward VI and then to Elizabeth I after which it passed through the families of several noblemen and eminent civilians.
- Giles Hussey was born here and lived at Nash House before studying art in Italy.
- Sir Peter Harding, GCB, (born 2 December 1933) is a retired Royal Air Force Chief of the Air Staff, and Chief of Defence Staff.
- Ralph Wightman (1983). Portrait of Dorset. Robert Hale Ltd. p. 17. ISBN 0 7090 0844 9.
- "Area: Marnhull (Parish). Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- "Area: Marnhull (Parish). Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- Roland Gant (1980). Dorset Villages. Robert Hale Ltd. p. 57. ISBN 0 7091 8135 3.
- North Dorset District Council (c. 1983). North Dorset District Official Guide. Home Publishing Co. Ltd. p. 38.
- "'Marnhull', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 3, Central (London, 1970), pp. 148-160". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- Ayres, Ken (February 2016). "Marnhull: A photo essay". Dorset Life Magazine. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- "Dorset North Parliamentary constituency". Election 2015. BBC. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- Ordnance Survey 1;25,000 Explorer map, sheet 129 (Yeovil & Sherborne), published 2010, ISBN 978-0-319-23598-0
- Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
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