Marokau

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Marokau
Marokau.JPG
NASA picture of Marokau Atoll
Marokau is located in French Polynesia
Marokau
Marokau
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates18°04′S 142°16′W / 18.067°S 142.267°W / -18.067; -142.267Coordinates: 18°04′S 142°16′W / 18.067°S 142.267°W / -18.067; -142.267
ArchipelagoTuamotus
Area215.6 km2 (83.2 sq mi)  (lagoon)
14.7 km2 (5.7 sq mi) (above water)
Length22 km (13.7 mi)
Administration
France
Overseas collectivityFrench Polynesia
Administrative subdivisionTuamotus
CommuneHikueru
Largest settlementVaiori
Demographics
Population91[1] (2012)

Marokau is an atoll of the Tuamotu Archipelago in French Polynesia. It lies 53 km southeast of Hikueru Atoll and it is separated by a 2 km wide sound from Ravahere, its closest neighbor in the south.

Marokau and Ravahere form a minor subgroup of the Tuamotus known as the Two Groups Islands.

Marokau Atoll is roughly triangular. The islands on its reef have a combined land area of 14.7 km². The shallow lagoon has a surface of 215.6 km².[2]

Marokau has 91 inhabitants. Most live in Vaiori, the main village, located on an island at its northern end. The locals collect copra from the numerous coconut palms planted on the islands and motus.[3] There is another small village called Topitike in its south-eastern corner.[4]

History[edit]

The first recorded European who sighted the two neighboring atolls of Marokau and Ravahere was Louis Antoine de Bougainville in 1768.[5]

Marokau Atoll was one of the main locations in the Tuamotu lagoons at which pearls were collected from the nineteenth century up to 1965.[6]

The atoll was heavily hit by a cyclone in 1903 which causes the death of 95 people .

Administration[edit]

Marokau Atoll belongs to the commune of Hikueru, which consists of the atolls of Marokau, Hikueru, Ravahere, Reitoru and Tekokota.[6]

Additional images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population". Institut de la statistique de la Polynésie française. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Marokau". Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
  3. ^ Hoarau, Olivier. "The atoll of Marokau (french)". Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  4. ^ "opitike, French Polynesia (general), French Polynesia". rumbletum.org. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  5. ^ Robson, John (2005). "A short biography of Louis-Antoine de Bougainville". Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  6. ^ a b "Marokau". The Institute for Research and Development. Archived from the original on 2013-01-07. Retrieved 2008-03-03.

External links[edit]