Marondera

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Marondera
City
Official seal of Marondera
Seal
Motto(s): Floreat Marondera (May Marondera Flourish)
Marondera is located in Zimbabwe
Marondera
Marondera
Coordinates: 18°11′23″S 31°32′48″E / 18.18972°S 31.54667°E / -18.18972; 31.54667Coordinates: 18°11′23″S 31°32′48″E / 18.18972°S 31.54667°E / -18.18972; 31.54667
Country  Zimbabwe
Province Mashonaland East
District Marondera
Village 1913
Town 1943
City 1982
Government
Elevation 1,688 m (5,538 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 68,018
Time zone UTC+2 (CAT)
Climate Cwb
Website http://www.maronderardc.org.zw/

Marondera (known as Marandellas until 1982) is a city in Mashonaland East, Zimbabwe, located about 72 km east of Harare; population 39,385Bold text (Central Statistical Office, Zimbabwe. Census of Population, 1992. The population was estimated at 46,000 in 2002. Harare: Government Printer).

History[edit]

It originated in 1890 as a rest house on the road from Salisbury (now Harare) to Umtali (now Mutare). It was first known as Marandella's Kraal, corrupted from Marondera, chief of the ruling VaRozvi people. This was later contracted to Marandellas. Later destroyed in the Shona resistance of 1896, the town was moved 4 miles (6 km) north to the Salisbury-Beira railway line. Constituted a village in 1913, it became a town in 1943. During the South African (Boer) War it was used by the British as a staging point for military operations into the Transvaal, and in World War II it was a refuge for displaced Poles.

Geography[edit]

High density suburbs of Marondera are Nyameni, Dombotombo, Rujeko, Yellow City, Rusike Park and Cherutombo. Medium density suburbs are Ruzawi Park, Cherutombo, Garikai medium density suburb, Ruware Park, Ruvimbo Park and Morning Side. Low density suburbs are Paradise Park, Borrodaille, Winston Park and Lendy Park. Marondera is liked by many due to its close proximity to the city of Harare.[citation needed] It has a very low crime rate and the people are hardworking.[citation needed] The transport system within the town is mainly licensed private sector operations. Privately owned public transport consists of licensed buses, minibuses and taxis. Residents are exposed to variety of newspapers namely the Herald, Financial Gazette, Zimbabwe Independent, Standard, Newsday, Dailynews, the local newspaper Chaminuka, Kwayedza and online newspapers such as NewZimbabwe.com, the Zimbabwean, Newsdze Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Situation etc.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Marondera (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
24.2
(75.6)
24.2
(75.6)
22.9
(73.2)
21.5
(70.7)
19.3
(66.7)
19.2
(66.6)
22.0
(71.6)
25.5
(77.9)
26.0
(78.8)
25.8
(78.4)
24.3
(75.7)
23.3
(73.9)
Average low °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
14.7
(58.5)
13.8
(56.8)
11.5
(52.7)
8.9
(48)
6.1
(43)
5.9
(42.6)
7.3
(45.1)
10.5
(50.9)
12.5
(54.5)
13.8
(56.8)
14.5
(58.1)
11.2
(52.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 193.4
(7.614)
149.1
(5.87)
90.3
(3.555)
48.7
(1.917)
10.1
(0.398)
5.4
(0.213)
3.0
(0.118)
3.0
(0.118)
6.8
(0.268)
40.3
(1.587)
113.1
(4.453)
187.7
(7.39)
850.9
(33.5)
Average rainy days 14 12 9 5 2 1 1 1 1 5 10 15 76
Source: World Meteorological Organization[1]

Demographics[edit]

The town is multi-cultural, with a variety of ethnic groups. Within the African population is a proportion of people of Malawian origin whose parents migrated and took employment on the white owned tobacco farms. The main faiths in Marondera are secular traditional Christians, evangelicals and mapostori (a sect of old testament bible followers who live like ancient prophets and may dress in white robes). Islam is practised by a small number of people in Marondera Asians and those people of Malawian descent. The indigenous people of Marondera descend mainly from the Shona royal families of Svosve, and the nearby royal households of Chikwaka , Nyashanu and others royal family lives there the Mashonganyika family etc. They are traditionally farmers. Marondera has several very good schools, which have been in operation for many years. The junior schools include Godfrey Huggins, Tapfuma School, Dombotombo School, Springvale House, Digglefold,R.G Mugabe Primary School, Nyamei Primary School, Ruware Primary School and Ruzawi School and the senior schools are Marondera High School, Peterhouse Boys' School, Peterhouse Girls' School, Rakodzi High, Watershed College, Nyameni High, Cherutombo High, Chitepo Secondary, Bernard Mizeki College, Waddilove High School & Nagle House. The first black mayor of Marondera was T. K. Muronda in 1980.[2]

Marondera also boasts presence of private and public learning institutions such as Kushinga Phikelela Polytechnic to the east, along the Harare-Mutare road; University of Zimbabwe College of Agricultural Sciences located near Masomera Business Centre; and Umaa Institute owned by the educationist-cum-politician Cleopas Kundiona.

Economy[edit]

One of the earliest centres of white settlement in the former colony of Southern Rhodesia, Marondera is one of the centres of Zimbabwe's large forestry and farming district and markets timber, tobacco, corn (maize), beef, and dairy products. Marondera also has industrial estates for manufacturing and factories etc., supermarkets, large commercial businesses, small businesses, a football stadium called Rudhaka stadium, recreational facilities and provincial government offices as well as a provincial hospital and clinics and is also home to the police provincial headquarters. Marondera town is represented by a member of parliament and is also home to the governor of mashonaland east province.

Education[edit]

It is an educational centre with numerous elite private and government schools in the area. Marondera houses some of the most popular high schools and junior schools in Zimbabwean history such as Bernard Mizeki College, Peterhouse Boys' School and Peterhouse Girls' School, Watershed College, Rakodzi High School, Marondera High School (Where Dr. Takesure Chabaya attended his high school),Cherutombo high school and Wise Owl High School. Junior schools in Marondera include Barnies Junior School, Ruzawi School, Godfrey Huggins, Digglefold School, Lendy Park, Springvale House and Wise Owl Primary School. It also houses an agricultural and commercial college aptly named Kushinga Phikelela and a government research station called Grasslands Research Station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Weather Information Service – Marondera". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 13 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "Britannica.com". Retrieved 28 December 2007.