Marostica

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Marostica

Maròstega  (Venetian)
Città di Marostica
Location of Marostica
Marostica is located in Italy
Marostica
Marostica
Location of Marostica in Italy
Marostica is located in Veneto
Marostica
Marostica
Marostica (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°45′N 11°39′E / 45.750°N 11.650°E / 45.750; 11.650Coordinates: 45°45′N 11°39′E / 45.750°N 11.650°E / 45.750; 11.650
CountryItaly
RegionVeneto
ProvinceVicenza (VI)
FrazioniCrosara, Marsan, Pradipaldo, San Luca, Valle San Floriano, Vallonara
Government
 • MayorMatteo Mozzo
Area
 • Total36 km2 (14 sq mi)
Elevation
103 m (338 ft)
Population
(December 31, 2010)
 • Total13,824
 • Density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Marosticensi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
36063
Dialing code0424
Patron saintSt. Simeon
WebsiteOfficial website

Marostica (Italian pronunciation: [maˈrɔstika]; Venetian: Maròstega [maˈɾɔsteɡa]), is a town and comune in the province of Vicenza, Veneto, northern Italy. It is mostly famous for its living chess event and for the local cherry variety.

History[edit]

Between the 11th and 13th centuries, the locality was greatly influenced by several members of the important medieval family from the Veneto, known as the Ezzelini. They were finally defeated in 1260. Marostica was a Venetian city until Venice joined Italy. During the 19th century it was mainly a relatively poor town; a great number of inhabitants went to look for fortune in Brazil and many other places in the world. The wealth of the town grew greatly after the second world war.

Marostica is famous for the human chess game it carries out every 2 years (in the even-numbered years), with living chess pieces, in the city public square.

Culture[edit]

In the 4th week end of September in the even-numbered year, a game of chess using live pieces is played. After the First World War, members of the local chess club began playing chess in the main square and decided to play a game of chess using people as the timepieces. After the Second World War, the comedy writer Mario Mirko Acetic authored a play in which "Two noblemen, Rinaldo D'Angarano and Vieri da Vallanora, fell in love with the ugly, smart and skilled daughter of the local lord, Taddeo Parisio. As was the custom at that time, they challenged each other to a duel to win the hand of Lionora. The Lord of Marostica, not wanting to make an enemy of either suitor or lose them in a duel, forbade the encounter. Instead he decreed that the two rivals would play a chess game, and the winner would have the hand of Lionora. The loser of the chess game would also join the family, through marrying her younger sister, Oldrada. During the play the game takes place on the square in front of the Lower Castle with supporters carrying the noble ensigns of Whites and Blacks, in the presence of the Lord, his noble daughter, the Lords of Angara-no and Leoncavallo, the court and the entire town population. The Lord also decides the challenge would be honoured by an exhibition of armed men, foot-soldiers and knights, with fireworks and dances and music". Needless to say, this literary account has nothing to do with factual history and the chess square in the city was built after the Second World War and after the writing of Ascetic's play. This fictional story is now re-enacted in the main square of Marostica every second Friday, Saturday and Sunday of September of even-numbered years. The orders are still given to the cast today in the local Language (Venetian) of the "Most Serene Republic of Venice".

Marostica is also home to the Diesel Farm, a wine, grappa, and olive oil-producing establishment founded by Diesel founder Renzo Rosso.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Marostica is twinned with:

Notable people[edit]