Maroulas

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Maroulas

Μαρουλάς
Maroulas is located in Greece
Maroulas
Maroulas
Coordinates: 35°20′N 24°33′E / 35.333°N 24.550°E / 35.333; 24.550Coordinates: 35°20′N 24°33′E / 35.333°N 24.550°E / 35.333; 24.550
CountryGreece
Administrative regionCrete
Regional unitRethymno
MunicipalityRethymno
Municipal unitRethymno
Community
 • Population547 (2011)
 • Area (km2)11.483
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
74100
Area code(s)28310
Vehicle registrationΡΕ

Maroulas (Greek: Μαρουλάς) is a local community of the Rethymno Municipality in the Rethymno (regional unit) of the region of Crete established by Kallikratis reform. It is traditional settlement and is classified in Class II, that is of average cultural value (Government Gazette 728/21-9-1995).[2]

Geography, origin of name, history[edit]

Maroulas lies southeast of Rethymno and 10 kilometers from this city at an altitude of 240 meters. Most buildings date back to the Venetian period, but the area is likely to be inhabited since the Minoan period. According to tradition, the village took its name from the shepherdess Maroula, who, while grazing her sheep in the region, found a spring of cool digestive water.

Population of Maroulas[3]
Name 1940 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
Maroulas 472 374 312 221 184 188 192 486
Dilofo - - - - - - 26 61
Total 472 374 312 221 184 188 218 547

Archaeological discoveries , buildings, temples[edit]

Two cemeteries of the palatial period of Minoan period have been revealed in the area. The findings of the cemeteries are exhibited at the Archaeological Museum of Rethymno.

One of the two towers of Maroula

The Venetians built two towers, which are still preserved, and other buildings with battlements. There are several coats of arms on the doors of buildings. In 1630 Turks settled in Maroulas. Visitors can see a mill, large arched doors of the Venetian mansions, narrow streets, and arches.[4]

The 'Temple of Prophet Elias', built at the top of the hill, has extensive views to the Cretan Sea.

Miscellaneous[edit]

There is a public bus service (KTEL) from/to Rethymno (two services, morning and noon on weekdays and no services on weekends) [5]

Since 21 July 2005 the area of Maroulas is included in the Cadastre system and is under the authority of the Cadastral Office of Rethymno (20 Hortatzis Str., ZIP: 74100, Rethymno, Phone n.: 0030-28310-22403)[6]

Rethymno (former) district

See also[edit]

List of settlements in the Rethymno regional unit

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Ministry of Environment, Archive of Traditional Settlements and Listed Buildings Archived 2012-04-05 at the Wayback Machine retrieved at 10 April 2012
  3. ^ Hellenic Statistical Authority, Digital Library (ELSAT), Census (Greek and English) Archived 2013-05-18 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Presentation of Maroulas at the website of the Municipality of Rethymno Archived 2010-09-06 at the Wayback Machine retrieved at 10 April 2012
  5. ^ Bus timetables, Maroulas (in german) Archived 2013-03-21 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Greek Cadastre Areas". Ktimatologio S.A. Archived from the original on 2012-03-29. Retrieved 9-4-2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)