The marovany (formerly spelled marouvane) is a suitcase shaped, wooden, type of box zither from Madagascar, used in Malagasy music. It is strung on both sides with metal strings. The player plucks the strings with both hands, often with rapid alternation. This often creates complex rhythmic patterns, typical of Malagasy music. It is tuned in sequences of thirds. The instrument is commonly used in rituals and spiritual gatherings.
The marovany and other instruments utilized by the Madagascar musical troupes performed at reburial ceremonies where the music is believed to help a medium better enter a trance state during rituals which will only be successful if the correct type of music is being played.
- William Lines Hubbard, George W. Andrews, Edward Dickinson, Arthur Foote, Emil Liebling I. Squire, The American History and Encyclopedia of Musical Instruments (1908): 162.
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- Rakotomalala, Mireille. 1998. "Performance in Madagascar." In Africa: Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, edited by Ruth Stone. New York: Garland Publishing Inc., pp. 781-792.
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- Sibree, James (1896). Madagascar Before the Conquest. Macmillan. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
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