Marquess Lie of Zhao
Marquess Lie of Zhao (?-400 BCE) (simplified Chinese: 赵烈侯; traditional Chinese: 趙烈侯; pinyin: Zhào Liè Hóu) was a ruler of the State of Zhao during the Warring States period of Chinese history (475-220 BCE). Born Zhào Jí (simplified Chinese: 赵籍; traditional Chinese: 趙籍), his father was Marquess Xian of Zhao (simplified Chinese: 赵献侯; traditional Chinese: 趙獻侯; pinyin: Zhào Xiàn Hóu).
During his reign the Marquess employed righteous and humane government officials including Gōng Zhònglián (Chinese: 公仲连), Niú Xù (Chinese: 牛畜), Xún Xīn (Chinese: 荀欣) and Xú Yuè (Chinese: 徐越) whilst himself following the virtuous “Way of the King” (Chinese: 王道; pinyin: Wáng Dào).
When fierce cavalry from the State of Zhōngshān (simplified Chinese: 中山国; traditional Chinese: 中山國) attacked the State of Zhao, Marquess Lie allied with Marquess Wen of Wei (Chinese: 魏文侯; pinyin: Wèi Wén Hóu) of the State of Wei to attack Zhongshan and afterwards moved the Zhao capital to Hándān (simplified Chinese: 邯郸; traditional Chinese: 邯鄲).
Marquess Lie died in 400 BCE in the second year of the reign of King An of Zhou (Chinese: 周安王; pinyin: Zhōu Ān Wáng). Since his son was underage, Marquess Lie’s younger brother Zhào Wŭgōng (simplified Chinese: 赵武公; traditional Chinese: 趙武公) succeeded him as ruler.
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