Marquess Lie of Zhao

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Marquess Lie of Zhao (?-400 BCE) (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhào Liè Hóu) was a ruler of the State of Zhao during the Warring States period of Chinese history (475-220 BCE). Born Zhào Jí (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ), his father was Marquess Xian of Zhao (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhào Xiàn Hóu).

During his reign the Marquess employed righteous and humane government officials including Gōng Zhònglián (Chinese: ), Niú Xù (Chinese: ), Xún Xīn (Chinese: ) and Xú Yuè (Chinese: ) whilst himself following the virtuous “Way of the King” (Chinese: ; pinyin: Wáng Dào).

When fierce cavalry from the State of Zhōngshān (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ) attacked the State of Zhao, Marquess Lie allied with Marquess Wen of Wei (Chinese: ; pinyin: Wèi Wén Hóu) of the State of Wei to attack Zhongshan and afterwards moved the Zhao capital to Hándān (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ).

In the sixth year of Marquess Lie’s reign (403 BCE), Zhao, along with Wei and Han, became vassal states of the Zhou Kingdom as a result of the Partition of Jin.

Marquess Lie died in 400 BCE in the second year of the reign of King An of Zhou (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhōu Ān Wáng). Since his son was underage, Marquess Lie’s younger brother Zhào Wŭgōng (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ) succeeded him as ruler.