Marquess of Anglesey

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Marquessuate of Anglesey
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Coat of arms fo the Marquess of Anglesey.svg
Sable, on a cross engrailed between four eagles displayed argent, five lions passant guardant of the field[1]
Creation date 4 July 1815
Peerage Peerage of the United Kingdom
First holder Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey
Present holder Charles Paget, 8th Marquess of Anglesey
Heir apparent Benedict Paget, Earl of Uxbridge
Subsidiary titles Earl of Uxbridge
Lord Paget
Seat(s) Plas Newydd, Anglesey
Former seat(s) Beaudesert
Armorial motto Per il suo contrario. ("By its opposite")[1]

Marquess of Anglesey (Welsh: Ardalydd Môn) is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1815 for Henry Paget, 2nd Earl of Uxbridge, a hero of the Battle of Waterloo. The Marquess holds the subsidiary titles of Earl of Uxbridge, in the County of Middlesex, in the Peerage of Great Britain (1784), Baron Paget, de Beaudesert, in the Peerage of England (1553), and is also an Irish Baronet, of Plas Newydd in the County of Anglesey and of Mount Bagenall in the County of Louth.

The family seat now is Plas Newydd, at Llanddaniel Fab, Anglesey. Most recent marquesses are buried at St Edwen's Church, Llanedwen. The former family seat was Beaudesert, near Cannock Chase, Staffordshire.

Jockey Colours for Lord Anglesey

Family history 1553-1815[edit]

William Paget, 1st Baron Paget.

The Paget family descends from Sir William Paget, a close adviser to Henry VIII, who in 1553 was summoned to Parliament as Lord Paget de Beaudesert. His younger son, the third Baron, was a Catholic opponent of Elizabeth I. In 1589 he was attainted and his title forfeited. However, his son, the fourth Baron, was restored to the title in 1604. In contrast to his father he was a prominent Protestant. He was succeeded by his son, the fifth Baron. He was Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire for the parliamentarians between 1641 and 1642, when he joined the Royalists and was dismissed. His son, the sixth Baron, was Ambassador to both Austria and the Ottoman Empire. On his death the title passed to his son, the seventh Baron. He had already been created Baron Burton, of Burton-on-Trent in the County of Stafford, in 1711, prior to succeeding to the barony of Paget in 1713. In 1714 he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Uxbridge, in the County of Middlesex. However, the earldom and barony of Burton became extinct on the death of his grandson, the second Earl (son of Thomas Catesby Paget, Lord Paget), in 1769.[1]

The barony of Paget, which could be passed on through the female line, devolved on his cousin Henry Bayly, who became the ninth Baron. He was the son of Sir Nicholas Bayly, 2nd Baronet, of Plas Newydd, and Caroline, Lady Bayly (d. 1766), daughter of Thomas Paget and granddaughter of the Hon. Henry Paget, second son of William Paget, 5th Baron Paget. In 1770 Henry Bayly assumed the surname and arms of Paget only. Twelve years later, in 1782, he succeeded his father in the baronetcy, and in 1784 the earldom of Uxbridge was revived for him, when he was made Earl of Uxbridge, in the County of Middlesex. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He was a prominent military commander who gained fame at the Battle of Waterloo, where he lost his leg. A few weeks after the battle he was made Marquess of Anglesey.[1]

Family history, 1815–present[edit]

Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, at the Battle of Waterloo.

Lord Anglesey later held political office as Master-General of the Ordnance and Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. He was succeeded by his eldest son from his first marriage, the second Marquess. He served as Lord Chamberlain of the Household under Lord Melbourne between 1839 and 1841. His only son from his first marriage, the third Marquess, represented Staffordshire South in Parliament. He was childless and was succeeded by his half-brother, the fourth Marquess. He held the honorary post of Vice-Admiral of North Wales and West Carmarthen. His son, the fifth Marquess, became known for squandering his inheritance on a lavish social life and accumulating massive debts. In 1904 he was declared bankrupt. He died the following year aged only 29 and was succeeded by his cousin, the sixth Marquess. He was the son of Lord Alexander Paget, third son of the second Marquess. He was a soldier and courtier. He was succeeded by his only son, the seventh Marquess, who succeeded in 1947 and who was an author and historian.[2] As of 2016 the titles are held by his eldest son, the eighth Marquess, who succeeded in 2013.

Bayly, later Paget Baronetcy[edit]

The Bayly, later Paget Baronetcy, of Plas Newydd in the County of Anglesey and of Mount Bagenall in the County of Louth, was created in the Baronetage of Ireland in 1730 for Edward Bayly, who had previously represented Newry in the Irish House of Commons. In 1712 he inherited substantial estates on Anglesey, including Plas Newydd, still the family's main residence, from a cousin, Nicholas Bagenall. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baronet. He represented Anglesey in the British House of Commons. His son was the aforementioned third Baronet, who had already succeeded as ninth Baron Paget and was created Earl of Uxbridge in 1784.[1]

Other family members[edit]

Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Paget, younger brother of the first Marquess of Anglesey.

Numerous other members of the Bayly and Paget families have gained distinction. Charles Paget, youngest son of the first Baron, was a Roman Catholic conspirator.

The first Earl of the 1784 creation was especially prolific in notable offspring. His second son, William Paget, was a Captain in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament. His third son, Sir Arthur Paget, was a diplomat and politician. (His son Sir Augustus Berkeley Paget was a diplomat. His second son Sir Ralph Paget was also a diplomat. Arthur Paget (1839–1924), son of Stewart Paget, eldest son of Sir Arthur Paget, was a Vice-Admiral in the Royal Navy.)

The first Earl's fourth son, Sir Edward Paget, was a General in the Army. His fifth son, Sir Charles Paget, was a Vice-Admiral in the Royal Navy. His sixth son, Berkeley Paget, sat as Member of Parliament for Anglesey and Milborne Port. (He was the father of 1) Frederick Paget, Member of Parliament for Beaumaris, and 2) Leopold Paget, a Colonel in the Royal Artillery, whose son Wellesley Paget became a Major-General in the Royal Artillery.[1])

The first Marquess also had several notable descendants. His second son, Lord William Paget, was a naval commander and politician. His fourth son, Lord Clarence Paget, was a naval commander, politician and sculptor. His fifth son, Lord Alfred Paget, was a soldier, politician and courtier. (He was the father of (1) Sir Arthur Paget, a General in the Army; (2) Sydney Paget, a racehorse owner; and (3) Almeric Paget, a politician who was created Baron Queenborough in 1918 and who was the father of Dorothy Paget, a racehorse owner, and Olive Paget, a landowner and hostess.) His sixth son, Lord George Paget, was a General in the Army.

Lady Caroline Paget, daughter of the sixth Marquess, was a socialite and actress. Her sister Lady Rose Paget was also a socialite.

Lewis Bayly (died 1631), grandfather of the first Baronet, was Bishop of Bangor. His son Nicholas Bayly, father of the first Baronet, was a member of the Irish House of Commons for Newry. The Very Reverend Edward Bayly, younger son of the first Baronet, was Archdeacon of Dublin. Lambert Bayly, younger son of the first Baronet, was the father of the Very Reverend John Bayly, Dean of Killaloe, who was the grandfather of (1) Paget Bayly, a Major-General in the Army, and (2) John Bayly, a General in the Army. Charles Bayly, younger son of the first Baronet, was a Captain in the Royal Navy. Paget Bayly, younger son of the second Baronet, was also a Captain in the Royal Navy.[1] Nicholas Bayly, younger son of the second Baronet, was Member of Parliament for Anglesey.

In 1727, the town of Uxbridge, in the Massachusetts Colony, was named after the Earl of Uxbridge.

Barons Paget (1553)[edit]

Earls of Uxbridge, First creation (1714)[edit]

Barons Paget (1769; Reverted)[edit]

Earls of Uxbridge, Second creation (1784)[edit]

Marquess of Anglesey's column, Llanfairpwllgwyngyll, Anglesey in honour of Henry William Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey

Marquesses of Anglesey (1815)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Benedict Dashiel Thomas Paget, Earl of Uxbridge (b. 1986). His niece is the designer Isabella Singleton.[4]

Bayly, later Paget Baronets, of Plas Newydd (1730)[edit]

see above for further succession

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Burke's Peerage. 1914. pp. 99–104. Retrieved 25 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "The 7th Marquess of Anglesey dies aged 90". BBC News. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2016. 
  3. ^ "The 7th Marquis of Anglesey". The Daily Telegraph. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2016. 
  4. ^ "Suffolk woman’s textile tribute to dandy ancestor’s battle daring". East Anglian Daily Times.