Marquess of Donegall
|Marquessate of Donegall|
Arms: Quarterly, 1st and 4th: Chequy Or and Gules, a Chief Vair (for Chichester); 2nd and 3rd: Azure fretty Argent (for Etchingham). Crest: A Stork proper, holding in the beak an Eel Argent. Supporters: On either side a Wolf Gules, ducally gorged and chained Or.
|Creation date||4 July 1791|
|Peerage||Peerage of Ireland|
|First holder||Arthur Chichester, 5th Earl of Donegall|
|Present holder||Patrick Chichester, 8th Marquess of Donegall|
|Heir apparent||James Chichester, Earl of Belfast|
|Remainder to||Heirs male of the body|
|Subsidiary titles||Earl of Donegall |
Earl of Belfast
|Former seat(s)||Dunbrody House|
|Armorial motto||INVICTUM SEQUITUR HONOR (Honour follows him who does not seek it) |
Marquess of Donegall is a title in the Peerage of Ireland held by the head of the Chichester family, originally from Devon, England. Sir John Chichester sat as a Member of Parliament and was High Sheriff of Devon in 1557. One of his sons, Sir Arthur Chichester, was Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1604 to 1614. In 1613, he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Chichester, of Belfast in County Antrim. He died childless in 1625 when the barony became extinct.
However, in the same year the Chichester title was revived in favour of his younger brother, Edward Chichester, who was made Baron Chichester, of Belfast in the County of Antrim, and Viscount Chichester, of Carrickfergus in County Antrim. Both titles are in the Peerage of Ireland. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Arthur Chichester. A distinguished soldier, he was created Earl of Donegall in the Peerage of Ireland in 1647 (one year before he succeeded his father), with remainder to the heirs male of his father.
He died without male issue and was succeeded (in the earldom according to the special remainder) by his nephew Arthur Chichester, the second Earl. He was the eldest son of Lieutenant-Colonel John Chichester, second son of the first Viscount. Lord Donegall had previously represented Donegal County in the Irish House of Commons. His eldest son, the third Earl, was a Major-General in the Spanish army and fought in the War of the Spanish Succession. He was killed in action in 1706. His eldest son, the fourth Earl, died childless and was succeeded by his nephew, the fifth Earl. He was the son of the Hon. John Chichester, younger son of the third Earl. Lord Donegall was created Baron Fisherwick, of Fisherwick in the County of Stafford, in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1790, and one year later he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Belfast and Marquess of Donegall in the Peerage of Ireland.
His grandson, the third Marquess, served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard under Lord John Russell between 1848 and 1852. In 1841, three years before he succeeded his father in the marquessate, he was created Baron Ennishowen and Carrickfergus, of Ennishowen in the County of Donegal and of Carrickfergus in the County of Antrim, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Both his sons predeceased him and on his death in 1883 the barony of 1841 became extinct. He was succeeded in his other titles by his younger brother, the fourth Marquess. On the death of his grandson, the sixth Marquess, in 1975, the line of the second Marquess failed. The late Marquess was succeeded by his kinsman the fifth Baron Templemore (see below), who became the seventh Marquess. From 1975 until 1999, when most hereditary seats were abolished with the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999, the Marquess sat in the House of Lords as Baron Fisherwick in the Peerage of Great Britain. As of 2015[update], the titles are held by the latter's son, the eighth Marquess, who succeeded in 2007.
Several other members of the Chichester family have also gained distinction. John Chichester, grandson of Sir John Chichester, brother of the first Baron Chichester and the first Viscount Chichester, was created a baronet in 1641 (see Chichester baronets). John Chichester, second son of the first Viscount and father of the second Earl, represented Dungannon in the Irish House of Commons. For the branch of the family founded by John Chichester's younger son and namesake, John Chichester, see Baron O'Neill and Baron Rathcavan. Arthur Chichester, eldest son of Lord Spencer Chichester, second son of the first Marquess, was created Baron Templemore in 1831. Lord Arthur Chichester, fourth son of the second Marquess, and Lord John Chichester, sixth son of the second Marquess, both represented Belfast in Parliament. Robert Chichester, eldest son of Lord Adolphus Chichester, youngest son of the fourth Marquess, briefly represented Londonderry South in Parliament. His wife Dehra was also a politician while their daughter Marion Caroline Dehra was the mother of politicians James Chichester-Clark, Baron Moyola, and Sir Robin Chichester-Clark and of gardening writer and television presenter Penelope Hobhouse.
The County in Ireland from which the title is derived is now spelt Donegal. Several locations in Belfast are named after the family, including Donegall Square, Donegall Road, Donegall Arcade, Chichester Street and Chichester Park.
The family seat was Dunbrody House, near Arthurstown, County Wexford. Ireland. Arthurstown was named for the first earl of Donegall. The house was sold by the eighth and current Marquess to chef Kevin Dundon, who converted it to a luxury hotel and restaurant in 1997. The Dunbrody Estate is, however, still in the ownership of the current Marquess of Donegall, whose present family seat is Dunbrody Park within the estate grounds.
Viscounts Chichester and Baron Chichester(1625)
- Edward Chichester, 1st Viscount Chichester (1568–1648)
- Arthur Chichester, 2nd Viscount Chichester (1606–1675) (created Earl of Donegall in 1647)
Earls of Donegall (1647)
- Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, 2nd Viscount Chichester (1606–1675)
- Arthur Chichester, 2nd Earl of Donegall, 3rd Viscount Chichester (died 1678)
- Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall, 4th Viscount Chichester (1666–1706)
- Arthur Chichester, 4th Earl of Donegall, 5th Viscount Chichester (1695–1757)
- Arthur Chichester, 5th Earl of Donegall (1739–1799) (created Baron Fisherwick in 1790 and Earl of Belfast and Marquess of Donegall in 1791)
Marquesses of Donegall (1791), Baron Ennishowen and Carrickfergus (1841-1883)
- Arthur Chichester, 1st Marquess of Donegall, 5th Earl of Donegall, 1st Earl of Belfast, 6th Viscount Chichester, 1st Baron Fisherwick (1739–1799)
- George Augustus Chichester, 2nd Marquess of Donegall, 6th Earl of Donegall, 2nd Earl of Belfast, 7th Viscount Chichester, 2nd Baron Fisherwick (1769–1844)
- George Hamilton Chichester, 3rd Marquess of Donegall, 7th Earl of Donegall, 3rd Earl of Belfast, 8th Viscount Chichester, 3rd Baron Fisherwick, 1st Baron Ennishowen and Carrickfergus (1797–1883)
- Edward Chichester, 4th Marquess of Donegall, 8th Earl of Donegall, 4th Earl of Belfast, 9th Viscount Chichester, 4th Baron Fisherwick (1799–1889)
- George Augustus Hamilton Chichester, 5th Marquess of Donegall, 9th Earl of Donegall, 5th Earl of Belfast, 10th Viscount Chichester, 5th Baron Fisherwick (1822–1904)
- Edward Arthur Donald St George Hamilton Chichester, 6th Marquess of Donegall, 10th Earl of Donegall, 6th Earl of Belfast, 11th Viscount Chichester, 6th Baron Fisherwick (1903–1975)
- Dermot Richard Claud Chichester, 7th Marquess of Donegall, 11th Earl of Donegall, 7th Earl of Belfast, 12th Viscount Chichester, 7th Baron Fisherwick, (5th Baron Templemore from 1953)
- Arthur Patrick Chichester, 8th Marquess of Donegall, 12th Earl of Donegall, 8th Earl of Belfast, 13th Viscount Chichester, 8th Baron Fisherwick, 6th Baron Templemore (born 1952)
- Burke, Bernard (1864). The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales. London: Harrison & Sons. p. 192. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- "Obituaries: The Marquess of Donegall". The Daily Telegraph. 20 July 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- "Arthur Chichester, Baron Chichester". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Burke, Bernard (1914). Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. London: Burke's Peerage Limited. p. 636. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Burke 1914, pp. 636
- Debrett, John (1822). The Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland: Volume 1. London: Debrett's. p. 905.
- "No. 13210". The London Gazette. 19 June 1790. p. 373.
- "No. 13322". The London Gazette. 5 July 1791. p. 387.
- Debrett 1822, pp. 906
- "No. 20007". The London Gazette. 13 August 1841. p. 2072.
- Complete Baronetage: English, Irish and Scottish, 1625-1649. Exeter: W. Pollard & Company. 1902. p. 120.
- "No. 18846". The London Gazette. 9 September 1831. p. 1834.
- Ó Conghaile, Pól (13 April 2014). "A touch of Downton in the Blue Book-listed Dunbrody House". The Irish Examiner. Retrieved 22 December 2015.