Marquess of Downshire

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Marquessate of Downshire
Coronet of a British Marquess.svg
Marquess of Downshire COA.svg
Arms of Hill, Marquesses of Downshire: Sable, on a fess argent, between three leopards passant guardant, or, spotted of the field, as many escallops, gules.
Creation date 1789
Monarch George III
Peerage Peerage of Ireland
First holder Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire
Present holder Arthur Nicholas Hill, 9th Marquess of Downshire
Heir apparent Edmund Hill, Earl of Hillsborough
Subsidiary titles Earl of Hillsborough (peerage of Ireland)
Earl of Hillsborough (peerage of Great Britain)
Viscount Hillsborough
Viscount Kilwarlin
Viscount Fairford
Baron Hill
Baron Harwich
Baron Sandys
Seat(s) Clifton Castle
Former seat(s) Hillsborough Castle
Easthampstead Park
Armorial motto Per Deum et ferrum obtinui (By God and my sword I have obtained)[1]

Marquess of Downshire is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1789 for Wills Hill, 1st Earl of Hillsborough, a former Secretary of State. Hill had already been created Earl of Hillsborough and Viscount Kilwarlin of County Down in the Peerage of Ireland in 1751 with remainder, in default of male issue of his own, to his uncle Arthur Hill, 1st Viscount Dungannon. He was further created Baron Harwich, of Harwich in the County of Essex, in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1756 with a seat in the (London) House of Lords. In 1772 he was further ennobled with a second Earldom of Hillsborough and as Viscount Fairford in the County of Gloucester, both in the Peerage of Great Britain.

Downshire was the eldest son of Trevor Hill, who had been created Viscount Hillsborough and Baron Hill of Kilwarlin in County Down, in the Peerage of Ireland in 1717, with remainder, in default of male issue of his own, to the male issue of his father, Michael Hill. Trevor Hill was the brother of the aforementioned Arthur Hill, 1st Viscount Dungannon.

Monument to Arthur, 4th Marquis of Downshire, Hillsborough, County Down

In 2013 the 9th Marquess succeeded, under the terms of a special remainder, to the title Baron Sandys. Prior to the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999, the Marquesses sat in the House of Lords as the Earls of Hillsborough.

Among many other estates, the Marquess owned Hillsborough Castle, the Blessington Estate in County Wicklow, and Easthampstead Park near Bracknell. The Marquesses are also Hereditary Constables of Hillsborough Fort.

The present family seat is Clifton Castle, near Hambleton, North Yorkshire.


Viscounts Hillsborough (1717)[edit]

Marquesses of Downshire (1789)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Edmund Robin Arthur Hill, Earl of Hillsborough (born 1996).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1876, p.158
  2. ^ Return of Members of Parliament, Part II (1878), P612

Burkes Peerage (1939 edition), s.v. Downshire.

External links[edit]