Marquess of Lothian
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Marquess of Lothian|
|Creation date||23 June 1701|
|Peerage||Peerage of Scotland|
|First holder||Robert Kerr, 4th Earl of Lothian|
|Present holder||Michael Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian|
|Heir presumptive||Lord Ralph Kerr|
|Subsidiary titles||Earl of Lothian
Earl of Ancram
Viscount of Briene
Lord Kerr of Newbattle
Lord Kerr of Nisbet, Langnewtoun, and Dolphinstoun
Baron Ker (Peerage of the United Kingdom)
|Former seat(s)||Newbattle Abbey
Marquess of Lothian is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1701 for Robert Kerr, 4th Earl of Lothian. The Marquess of Lothian holds the subsidiary titles of Earl of Lothian (created 1606), Earl of Lothian (created again 1631), Earl of Ancram (1633), Earl of Ancram (created again 1701), Viscount of Briene (1701), Lord Newbattle (1591), Lord Jedburgh (1622), Lord Kerr of Newbattle (1631), Lord Kerr of Nisbet, Langnewtoun, and Dolphinstoun (1633), Lord Kerr of Newbattle, Oxnam, Jedburgh, Dolphinstoun and Nisbet (1701), and Baron Ker, of Kersheugh in the County of Roxburgh (1821), all but the last in the Peerage of Scotland. As The Lord Ker in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, previous Marquesses sat in the House of Lords before 1963, when Scottish peers first sat in the House of Lords in their own right. The holder of the title is also the Chief of Clan Kerr.
The current Marquess of Lothian, the 13th, is better known as the Conservative politician Michael Ancram. He received a life peerage in November 2010 as Baron Kerr of Monteviot and so became entitled to sit in the House of Lords. He lives at Monteviot House. The family also owned a larger Scottish seat, Newbattle Abbey, which is now a college, and also Blickling Hall in Norfolk, which belongs to the National Trust.
The heir presumptive to the marquessate is the 13th Marquess younger brother Lord Ralph Kerr, who owns Ferniehirst Castle, Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, which is the family seat that was restored by the 12th Marquess, and Melbourne Hall in Derbyshire.
History of the titles
Mark Kerr was created Lord Newbattle in 1591 and Earl of Lothian in 1606, both with remainder to his heirs male. In 1621 both titles were surrendered by the 2nd Earl and regranted with a special remainder to his daughters, the eldest of whom, Lady Anne Kerr, succeeded to both titles on his death in 1624. Her husband, Sir William Kerr (eldest son of Sir Robert Kerr, later 1st Earl of Ancram) was created Lord Kerr of Newbattle and Earl of Lothian in 1631. On her death in 1667 their eldest son became 4th Earl of Lothian (though he was not recognised as such) and on her husband's death in 1675 also 2nd Earl of Lothian.
By this point Sir Robert Kerr, father of the 1st Earl of the 2nd creation, had been created Lord Kerr of Nisbet, Langnewtoun and Dolphinstoun and Earl of Ancram, and the titles had been inherited by the 4th and 2nd Earl of Lothian's uncle, Charles Kerr, on whose death in 1690 he became 3rd Earl of Ancram.
He was then created Lord Ker of Newbattle, Oxnam, Jedburgh, Dolphinstoun and Nisbet, Viscount of Briene, Earl of Ancram and Marquess of Lothian in 1701.
The 2nd Marquess succeeded his cousin as Lord Jedburgh before succeeding to the Marquessate, and the 6th Marquess was created Baron Ker, of Kersheugh in the County of Roxburgh, in 1821, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Earls of Lothian; First creation (1606)
- Mark Kerr, 1st Earl of Lothian (1553–1609)
- Robert Kerr, 2nd Earl of Lothian (d. 1624)
- Anne Kerr, 3rd Countess of Lothian (d. 1667)
- Robert Kerr, 4th and 2nd Earl of Lothian and 3rd Earl of Ancram (1636–1703) (created Marquess of Lothian in 1701)
Earls of Lothian; Second creation (1631)
- William Kerr, 1st Earl of Lothian (1605–1675)
- The Earldom was inherited by the 4th Earl of the first creation (see above).
Lords Jedburgh (1621/2)
- Andrew Ker, 1st Lord Jedburgh (died 1633)
- Alexander Kirkaldy later Ker, de jure 2nd Lord Jedburgh (c.1590 - c 1650)
- John Ker, de jure 3rd Lord Jedburgh (died before 1670)
- Robert Ker, 4th Lord Jedburgh (died 1692)
- William Ker, 5th Lord Jedburgh (1661-1722); later 2nd Marquess of Lothian (title held by the Marquesses of Lothian from 1703- see below)
Earls of Ancram (1633)
- Robert Kerr, 1st Earl of Ancram (1578–1654)
- Charles Kerr, 2nd Earl of Ancram (d. 1690)
- The Earldom was inherited by the 4th and 2nd Earl of Lothian (see above).
Marquesses of Lothian (1701)
- Robert Kerr, 1st Marquess of Lothian (1636–1703)
- William Kerr, 2nd Marquess of Lothian (1661–1722)
- William Kerr, 3rd Marquess of Lothian (1690–1767)
- William Henry Kerr, 4th Marquess of Lothian (1713–1775)
- William John Kerr, 5th Marquess of Lothian (1737–1815)
- William Kerr, 6th Marquess of Lothian (1763–1824)
- John William Robert Kerr, 7th Marquess of Lothian (1794–1841)
- William Schomberg Robert Kerr, 8th Marquess of Lothian (1832–1870)
- Schomberg Henry Kerr, 9th Marquess of Lothian (1833–1900)
- Robert Schomberg Kerr, 10th Marquess of Lothian (1874–1930)
- Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian (1882–1940)
- Peter Francis Walter Kerr, 12th Marquess of Lothian (1922–2004)
- Michael Andrew Foster Jude Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian (b. 1945)
- Alexander Ker's father, William Kirkaldy (formerly Ker), assumed the surname of Kirkaldy upon assuming the Grange estates of the Kirkaldy family. Alexander Ker re-assumed his father's original surname of Ker upon relinquishing those Grange estates back to the heir male of the Kirkaldy family
- Peerage: L (part 4), at Leigh Rayment's Peerage pages
- Photo and biography of Walter William Schomberg Kerr, Earl of Ancram