Marquette's Missouri Pacific Railroad stop at the turn of the twentieth century
Location within McPherson County and Kansas
KDOT map of McPherson County (legend)
|• Total||0.44 sq mi (1.14 km2)|
|• Land||0.44 sq mi (1.14 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,388 ft (423 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||641|
|• Density||1,500/sq mi (560/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-44925 |
|GNIS feature ID||0477060 |
For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, McPherson County was founded.
In 1873, what eventually would become Marquette began on the banks of the Smoky Hill River with a flour mill.  The site was surveyed and on February 9, 1874 the town was chartered. It was settled by Swedish immigrants and Civil War veterans. It was named after Marquette, Michigan. Marquette was located on the Missouri Pacific Railroad.
In 1905, a tornado destroyed much of the town, killing 31 people. 
Marquette is located at  at an elevation of 1385 feet (422 m), in the Smoky Hills region of Kansas. The area is highlighted by outcrops of Cretaceous-era sandstone known as the Dakota Formation. The seas dating back to that era left hills and buttes which rising sharply about the surrounding plains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.44 square miles (1.14 km2), all of it land.(38.553824, -97.833275),
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Marquette has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
In May 2003, facing a declining population, Marquette joined at least ten other Kansas cities, including Ellsworth, Kanopolis, Holyrood and Wilson, who offer free land to attract residents. Fifty acres (200,000 m²) of what used to be farmland were developed, furnished with paved streets, water, electric, sewer and gas hookups. In less than one year, twenty-one of the ⅓ acre (1,300 m²) lots created for this purpose were claimed. The program requires the landowners to build a house on the lot within a year, and live in that house for a year.
As of the census of 2010, there were 641 people, 272 households, and 162 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,456.8 inhabitants per square mile (562.5/km2). There were 311 housing units at an average density of 706.8 per square mile (272.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.1% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.0% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.5% of the population.
There were 272 households of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.4% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the city was 45.4 years. 22.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.9% were from 45 to 64; and 22.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.6% male and 54.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 542 people, 243 households, and 157 families residing in the city, a decline from the total 1990 population of 593. The population density was 1,503.8 people per square mile (581.3/km²). There were 271 housing units at an average density of 751.9 per square mile (290.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.34% White, 0.37% Native American, 0.18% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. 0.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 243 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.77.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $35,938, and the median income for a family was $44,531. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $20,208 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,965. 5.6% of the population and 3.8% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, none of those under the age of 18 and 8.7% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Marquette is a town that is offering parcels of residential land for free on the condition that the recipient build a home within a specified deadline. In the few years since the program's inception, it has attracted an influx of new residents from who have decided to take advantage of the program and enjoy small-town living.
The downtown has a block of late 19th century stores that have been restored and repainted to their original colors. They are part of the Washington Street Historic District, a state historic site.
Nearby is the Hanson-Lindfors home, a sixteen-room Victorian style house built in 1888. It is named after Hans Hanson, one of the city founders, and has been restored to its original appearance and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Located in the backyard of the home is Hanson's original 1871 wood frame cabin, where the city charter was signed.
The downtown area includes the Range School Museum, a one-room 1906 schoolhouse moved there about eighty years later. Each spring and fall, local school children use it for a half day of class.
Ten miles away is Kanopolis State Park, the first state park of Kansas. The park, completed in 1948, includes more than 22,000 acres (89 km2) of rolling hills, bluffs and woods and a 3,000 acres (12 km2) lake, offering hunting, fishing, over 25 miles (40 km) of trails, and other recreational activities. Game includes pheasant, quail, prairie chickens, deer, beaver, turkey, squirrels, rabbits, coyotes and waterfowl; fishing for white bass and crappie is popular.
Primary and secondary education
Marquette grain elevator.
- List of people from McPherson County, Kansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in McPherson County, Kansas
- Pioneers on the Prairie: A History of Marquette, Kansas; Allan Lindfors and Eleanor Burnison; Lindsborg News-Record; 1978.
- Marquette's Pioneer Day Memento; 75th Anniversary Planning Committee; 1949.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- "Profile for Marquette, Kansas". ePodunk. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 232.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Marquette, Kansas
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- U.S. Census Bureau - 2000 Census, Population and Housing Unit Counts for Kansas
- U.S. Census Bureau - 1990 Census, Population and Housing Unit Counts for Kansas
- Grit.com "There's Still Free Land Out West"
- Inspiration & Spirit - "Free Land in Kasas"
- Staff (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Marquette Museums website
- Kansas Motorcycle Museum Website (accessed September 10, 2008)
- USD 400
- Kansas School District Boundary Map
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marquette, Kansas.|
- USD 400, local school district
- Marquette City Map, KDOT