Marracuene District on the map of Mozambique
|• Total||703 km2 (271 sq mi)|
|Population (2007 census)|
|• Density||190/km2 (500/sq mi)|
Marracuene District is a district of Maputo Province in southern Mozambique. The principal town is Marracuene. The district is located in the center of the province, and borders with Manhiça District in the north, the city of Maputo in the south, and with the city of Matola and with Moamba District in the west. In the east, the district is limited by the Indian Ocean. The area of the district is 703 square kilometres (271 sq mi). It has a population of 136,784 as of 2007.
The climate is tropical humid, with the annual rainfall ranging between 500 millimetres (20 in) and 1,000 millimetres (39 in).
Marracuene, then known as Vila Luísa, served as a popular tourist destination in Mozambique's colonial era thanks to a 21-mile beach on the Indian Ocean; the town also served as a key link in the Lourenço Marques Railway System.
On February 2, 1895, Marracuene was the site of a decisive battle between Portuguese commander António José Enes and Ronga emperor Gungunyane; the Portuguese defeated the Ronga forces by means of repeating rifles and a machine gun.
As of 2005, 41% of the population of the district was younger than 15 years. 59% of the population spoke Portuguese. The most common mothertongue among the population was Varhonga. 48% were analphabetic, mostly women.
2% of the households in the district have access to electricity.
- Hance, William A. and Irene S. Van Dongen. "Lourenço Marques in Delagoa Bay." Economic Geography 33.3 (1957): 238-256.
- Wheeler, Douglas L. "Gungunyane the Negotiator: A Study in African Diplomacy." The Journal of African History 9.4 (1968): 585-602.