Marrakesh VIP Treaty
|Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works to Visually Impaired Persons and Persons with Print Disabilities|
|Signed||28 June 2013|
|Effective||30 September 2016|
|Condition||Ratification of 20 states|
|Depositary||World Intellectual Property Organization|
The Marrakesh VIP Treaty (formally the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works by Visually Impaired Persons and Persons with Print Disabilities, colloquially MVT) is a treaty on copyright adopted in Marrakesh, Morocco, on 28 June 2013.
The treaty allows for copyright exceptions to facilitate the creation of accessible versions of books and other copyrighted works for visually impaired persons. It sets a norm for countries ratifying the treaty to have a domestic copyright exception covering these activities, and allowing for the import and export of such materials.
Fifty-one countries signed the treaty as of the close of the diplomatic conference in Marrakesh. The ratification of 20 states was required for the treaty to enter into effect; the 20th ratification was received on 30 June 2016, and the treaty entered into force on 30 September 2016.
India was the first country to ratify the treaty, on 24 July 2014. As of June 26, 2018, 80 countries have signed the Treaty and 40 states have ratified it. , most recently the United States of America.
In March 2015, the Council of the European Union accused the European Commission of delaying the adoption of the treaty by EU and called upon the Commission "to submit without delay the necessary legislative proposal". There is continued opposition by some EU member states.
On June 28, 2018, the U.S. Senate approved it and the implementation bill S. 2559 without apparent opposition; the latter will be sent to the President for signature if and when the House (as well) approves it. The House has yet to vote on S.2559.
- "WIPO-Administered Treaties". Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- "Notifications: Marrakesh VIP Treaty". World Intellectual Property Organization, June 5, 2018.
- "Summary of the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled". World Intellectual Property Organization. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "Diplomatic Conference to Conclude a Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works by Visually Impaired Persons and Persons with Print Disabilities". World Intellectual Property Organization. 28 June 2013.
- "Between the lines: Blind people defeat lobbyists in a tussle about copyright". The Economist. 20 July 2013.
- "Stevie Wonder hails landmark WIPO treaty boosting access to books for blind and visually impaired persons". World Intellectual Property Organization. 28 June 2013.
- "Canada’s Accession to Marrakesh Treaty Brings Treaty into Force, WIPO Press Release, June 30, 2016
- David Hammerstein. "Marrakesh Treaty: Day 1". Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "India ratifies Marrakesh Treaty for visually impaired". The Hindu. 3 July 2014.
- David Hammerstein. "World Blind Union call on EU and US to ratify Marrakesh Treaty". Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Marrakesh in the EU: facing the excuses and delay tactics after Council statement". IP Policy Committee blog. TransAtlantic Consumer Dialogue. 7 April 2015.
- "Proposal for a Council Decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons who are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled — Guidance for further work" (PDF). Council of the European Union.
- David Hammerstein. "Germany moves against "right to read" Marrakesh Treaty for visually-impaired persons". Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- Alan K. Ota. With Only One Vote, McConnell Approves Treaty for the Blind. Roll Call. 29 June 2018
- The full text of the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled (in English) in the WIPO Lex database — official website of WIPO.