Marrickville Council

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Marrickville Council
New South Wales
Marrickville sydney.png
Coordinates33°54′S 151°09′E / 33.900°S 151.150°E / -33.900; 151.150Coordinates: 33°54′S 151°09′E / 33.900°S 151.150°E / -33.900; 151.150
Population76,500 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Established1 November 1861
Abolished12 May 2016 (2016-05-12)
Area17 km2 ( 6.6 sq mi)
Council seatMarrickville (1861–1948)
Petersham (1948–2016)
MarrickvilleCouncilLogo.png
LGAs around Marrickville Council:
Ashfield Leichhardt Sydney
Canterbury Marrickville Council Sydney
Canterbury Rockdale Botany

Marrickville Council was a local government area located in the inner west region of Sydney, Australia. It was originally created on 1 November 1861 as the "Municipality of Marrickville". On 12 May 2016, Marrickville Council was merged with Ashfield and Leichhardt councils into the newly formed Inner West Council.[2]

The area was bounded by Leichhardt to the north, the City of Sydney to the east and north-east, the City of Botany Bay to the south-east, Rockdale to the south, Canterbury to the west, and Ashfield to the north-west. It covers an area of approximately 17 square kilometres (6.6 sq mi). The area is roughly bounded by Parramatta Road to the north, King Street and the Princes Highway to the east, the Cooks River and Alexandra Canal to the south, and New and Old Canterbury Roads to the west.

While the area's background was traditionally working-class, several waves of immigration and a continuing trend of gentrification substantially influenced the demographics and character of the area.[3][4] Marrickville had a substantial student population, being situated relatively close to the University of Sydney and the University of Technology, Sydney.

The last Mayor of Marrickville Council was Cr. Sam Iskandar.

Suburbs and localities[edit]

Marrickvile in Timelapse

The suburbs and localities within the former Marrickville Council area were:

History[edit]

Based on artefacts found near the Cooks River and Alexandra Canal, it is believed that the area has been occupied for at least 7,000 years. The area was originally occupied by the Cadigal clan of the Darug people who spoke the Eora language.[5] Their name for most of the present day local government area was Bullanaming.[6]

European settlement of the area began very soon after the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788. The first land grant was made in 1789, and by 1809 all the land had been granted. In the 1830s, the district consisted of five large estates, including Thomas Chalder's estate named Marrick after his home town in North Yorkshire. At this point, the area was still quite rural in nature.

Following the subdivision of these estates, municipalities were formed in Marrickville (1 November 1861), Camperdown (1862), Newtown (1862), St Peters (1871) and Petersham (1872).[7] The first Marrickville council, consisting of six councillors elected proportionately, was elected on 9 December 1861 at the Stanmore Hotel.[8]

The population of the inner west increased greatly from the beginning of the 20th century, peaking at roughly 113,000 in 1948. It was in this year that the State Government introduced the Local Government (Areas) Act 1948, and Marrickville Municipal Council was enlarged by merging with St Peters and Petersham on 1 January 1949. The Camperdown and Newtown municipalities had already been merged with the City of Sydney, however in 1968 a boundary readjustment added parts of these areas to Marrickville, resulting in the present boundaries.[5]

Israel boycott[edit]

On 14 December 2010 Greens councillor Cathy Peters moved a motion to support the international Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions against Israel.[9] This motion was supported by Greens, Labor and one independent councillor, including the Mayor at the time, Fiona Byrne. The motion was widely condemned by politicians from both sides of politics including Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd, then Premier Kristina Keneally and federal Greens leader, Bob Brown.[10] The move received support from Nobel Peace Prize Laureates Archbishop Desmond Tutu[11] and Mairead Maguire.[12] On 14 April 2011 it was revealed that the boycott would cost Marrickville ratepayers A$3.4 million if implemented. The boycott also meant the council would have to replace goods from companies such as Hewlett Packard, Holden, Volvo and Motorola amongst others.[13]

New South Wales Liberal Premier Barry O'Farrell threatened to use his powers under the Local Government Act to sack the council if it did not rescind its resolution for the boycott.[14] At a council meeting on 19 April 2011, members of the community were invited to express their opinions, and after a three hour debate the motion was rescinded.[15] Byrne did not seek re-election, and in September 2011, Morris Hanna became the new mayor after Labor supported his candidacy and his name was pulled out of the hat in the tie breaker. He is an independent who fought against the BDS campaign.[16]

Amalgamation[edit]

A 2015 review of local government boundaries recommended that the Marrickville Council merge with the Municipality of Ashfield and the Municipality of Leichhardt to form a new council with an area of 35 square kilometres (14 sq mi) and support a population of approximately 186,000.[17] The merger was implemented on 12 May 2016.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 Census, there were 76,500 people in the Marrickville local government area, of these 49.5% were male and 50.5% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.5% of the population. The median age of people in the Marrickville Council area was 36 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 14.7% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 10.4% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 35.1% were married and 10.9% were either divorced or separated.[1]

Population in the Marrickville Council area between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census decreased by 0.99% and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 6.53%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in the Marrickville local government area was lower than the national average.[18] The median weekly income for residents within the Manly Council area was higher than the national average.[1][19]

Compared to the national average, at the 2011 Census, Marrickville Council area had a high proportion of households (34.1%) where two or more languages are spoken (national average was 20.4%); and a low proportion (62.3%) where English only was spoken at home (national average was 76.8%).[1]

Selected historical census data for Marrickville local government area
Census year 2001[18] 2006[19] 2011[1]
Population Estimated residents on Census night 72,529 71,813 76,500
LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales
% of New South Wales population 1.11%
% of Australian population 0.39% Decrease 0.36% Steady 0.36%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
English 19.5%
Australian 17.9%
Irish 9.2%
Scottish 6.0%
Greek 4.9%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Greek 7.2% Decrease 6.4% Decrease 5.5%
Vietnamese 5.1% Decrease 4.1% Decrease 3.7%
Arabic 3.7% Decrease 2.9% Decrease 2.3%
Portuguese 3.1% Decrease 2.4% Decrease 2.0%
Cantonese 2.3% Decrease 2.0% Decrease 1.7%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
No religion 19.5% Increase 24.0% Increase 32.7%
Catholic 27.1% Decrease 25.6% Decrease 23.5%
Anglican 10.1% Decrease 9.4% Decrease 8.2%
Eastern Orthodox 9.7% Decrease 8.6% Decrease 7.5%
Buddhism 6.6% Decrease 5.5% Decrease 5.1%
Median weekly incomes
Personal income Median weekly personal income A$595 A$772
% of Australian median income 127.7% 133.8%
Family income Median weekly family income A$1,160 A$1,964
% of Australian median income 113.0% 132.6%
Household income Median weekly household income A$1,460 A$1,605
% of Australian median income 124.7% 130.1%

Council[edit]

Final composition and election method[edit]

Marrickville Municipal Council was composed of twelve Councillors elected proportionally as four separate wards, each electing three Councillors. All Councillors were elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor was elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 8 September 2012, and the makeup of the Council after that election was as follows:[20][21][22][23]

Ward Councillor Party Notes
Central Ward[20]   Max Phillips The Greens
  Sam Iskandar Labor
  Victor Macri Independent Mayor[24]
North Ward[21]   Sylvie Ellsmore The Greens
  Jo Haylen Labor
  Mark Gardiner Liberal
South Ward[22]   Chris Woods Labor
  David Leary The Greens
  Morris Hanna Independent
West Ward[23]   Emanuel Tsardoulias Labor Deputy Mayor
  Melissa Brooks The Greens
  Rosana Tyler Liberal

Councillor (and former Deputy Mayor) Emanuel Tsardoulias died in 2014.[25] A by-election to fill the vacancy was held on 15 November 2014. The by-election was won by Australian Labor Party candidate Daniel Barbar.[26] Mark Gardiner left the Liberal Party and became Independent. Jo Haylen is also the State Member for Summer Hill.

Mayors[edit]

Chairman Party Term Notes
  Gerald Halligan Independent December 1861 – February 1864 [27]
  John Russell Jones Independent February 1864 – 22 February 1865 [28]
  William Amner Independent 22 February 1865 – February 1866 [29]
  Gerald Halligan Independent February 1866 – February 1867 [30]
  Samuel Payten Independent February 1867 – 13 February 1868 [31]
Mayor Party Term Notes
  Charles St Julian Independent 13 February 1868 – 3 February 1870 [32][33]
  Joseph Graham Independent 3 February 1870 – 17 February 1871 [34]
  Charles St Julian Independent 17 February 1871 – 13 February 1872 [35]
  Charles Teeson Independent 13 February 1872 – 12 February 1873 [36]
  Joseph Graham Independent 12 February 1873 – 9 February 1875 [37][38]
  Rollo Albert Cape Independent 9 February 1875 – 17 February 1877 [39][40]
  Robert Pfoeffer Independent 17 February 1877 – February 1879 [41][42][43]
  Thomas Henry Alcock Independent 12 February 1879 – 13 October 1880 [44][45]
  Joseph Graham Independent 13 October 1880 – 16 February 1882 [46][47]
  Henry John Chisholm Independent 16 February 1882 – 16 February 1884 [48][49]
  William Shaw Independent 16 February 1884 – 8 February 1887 [50][51][52]
  Joseph Graham Independent 8 February 1887 – 15 February 1888 [53]
  Charles Moyes Independent 15 February 1888 – 14 February 1889 [54]
  Joseph Graham Independent 14 February 1889 – 13 February 1890 [55]
  William Henry Smith Independent 13 February 1890 – 12 February 1891 [56]
  Joseph Graham Independent 12 February 1891 – 11 February 1892 [57]
  Alexander Hamilton Scouller Independent 11 February 1892 – 16 February 1894 [58][59]
  Joshua Jeremiah Farr Independent 16 February 1894 – 14 February 1895 [60]
  George Alfred Morehouse Independent 14 February 1895 – 10 February 1896 [61]
  Richard McCoy Independent 10 February 1896 – 12 February 1897 [62]
  James Gould Independent 12 February 1897 – 10 February 1898 [63]
  William Robson Benson Independent 10 February 1898 – 16 February 1899 [64]
  William Wycliffe Clarke Independent 16 February 1899 – 20 March 1900 [65]
  Henry Archdall Langley Independent 20 March 1900 – 14 February 1901 [66]
  Joshua Percy Josephson Independent 14 February 1901 – 12 February 1902 [67][68]
  William Thomas Henson Independent 12 February 1902 – 12 February 1903 [69][70]
  Thomas Hillard England Independent 12 February 1903 – 16 February 1905 [71][72]
  James Gould Independent 16 February 1905 – 15 February 1906 [73]
  William Thomas Henson Independent 15 February 1906 – February 1909 [74][75][76][77]
  William Henry Osgood Independent February 1909 – February 1911 [78][79]
  Joseph Thornley Independent February 1911 – February 1914 [80][81]
  Benjamin Richards Independent February 1914 – February 1915 [82]
  John Ness Independent February 1915 – 13 February 1919 [83][84]
  Benjamin Richards Independent 13 February 1919 – December 1921 [85][86]
  Henry James Morton Independent December 1921 – 17 December 1924 [87][88][89]
  William Henry Wicks Independent 17 December 1924 – 16 December 1925 [90]
  Edward Mackey Independent 16 December 1925 – December 1926 [91]
  Milton Jarvie Independent December 1926 – 15 December 1927 [92]
  Benjamin Richards Independent 15 December 1927 – 19 December 1929 [93][94]
  Henry James Morton Civic Progress Party 19 December 1929 – December 1930 [95]
Robert Richard Allison December 1930 – December 1931 [96]
Frank Broome Wright December 1931 – 20 December 1932
Frederick Rushton 20 December 1932 – December 1933 [97][98]
Robert Richard Allison December 1933 – December 1934
Henry James Morton December 1934 – 30 December 1935 [99]
Harold Douglas Marr 30 December 1935 – December 1936 [100][101]
  William John Ness Independent December 1936 – December 1937 [102][103]
  Henry Thomas Braddock Citizens Party December 1937 – December 1938 [104]
  Robert Richard Allison Civic Progress Party December 1938 – December 1939 [105]
Harold Douglas Marr December 1939 – December 1940 [106][107]
Frank Broome Wright December 1940 – December 1941 [108]
  Francis Buckley Labor December 1941 – December 1943 [109][110]
Donald Cochrane December 1943 – 12 December 1944 [111]
William Murray 12 December 1944 – 3 December 1946 [112]
  Robert Richard Allison Civic Progress Party 3 December 1946 – 15 December 1948 [113][114]
  Gilbert Barry 15 December 1948 – 6 December 1949 [115]
  Bruce James McAdam Independent 6 December 1949 – December 1950 [116]
  William Maggs December 1950 – December 1951
  Leslie Arthur Scutts Independent December 1951 – 2 December 1952 [117]
  Norm Ryan Labor 2 December 1952 – December 1953 [118]
  William Murray December 1953 – December 1954
  John Friel Laxton December 1958 – December 1959
  Joseph John Fitzgerald Labor December 1959 – December 1962
  Tom Foster Labor December 1968 – December 1971 [119]
  Barry Jones Labor September 1984 – September 1991
  Barry Cotter September 1991 – September 2004 [120]
  Morris Hanna Independent September 2004 – September 2005
  Sam Byrne Greens September 2005 – September 2006
  Morris Hanna Independent September 2006 – 25 September 2007
  Dimitrios Thanos Independent 25 September 2007 – September 2008
  Sam Iskandar Labor September 2008 – September 2010
  Fiona Byrne Greens September 2010 – September 2011 [121]
  Morris Hanna Independent September 2011 – September 2012 [122]
  Victor Macri Independent September 2012 – September 2013
  Jo Haylen Labor September 2013 – September 2014
  Mark Gardiner Independent September 2014 – September 2015 [123]
  Sam Iskandar Labor September 2015 – 12 May 2016 [124]

Notable councillors[edit]

  • John Adamson, Alderman 1944–1948, MP for Concord 1950–1953.
  • Sylvia Hale, Councillor 1995–2004, Greens MLC 2003–2010.
  • Leo McLeay, Alderman 1971–1977, MHR for Grayndler 1979–1993, MHR for Watson 1993–2004, Speaker of the House of Representatives 1989–1993.
  • Penny Sharpe, Councillor 2004–2008, MLC 2005–present
  • Sir Bertram Stevens, Alderman 1925–1927, Premier 1932–1939.
  • Carmel Tebbutt, Councillor 1993–1998, Deputy Mayor 1995–1998, MP for Marrickville 2005–2015, Deputy Premier of NSW 2008–2011.

Housing[edit]

The suburbs within the Marrickville area are generally characterised by Victorian-era terraces, semi-detached houses and other varieties of urban federation housing. These houses gained popularity among renovators as the suburbs became gentrified in the late 20th century.[125] Detached housing, wider streets and larger blocks of land are more common in the suburbs further from the city, such as Dulwich Hill and parts of Marrickville.

Several medium density apartment blocks were constructed in the area in the 1960s and 1970s. Since the 1980s, modern infill development has tended to be sympathetic with traditional streetscapes.[125]

Parks[edit]

Sydenham Green, formerly the site of noise-affected homes

The Marrickville area has 88 parks and reserves of various sizes within its boundaries. Major sporting grounds include Henson Park, home of the Newtown Jets rugby league club, and Petersham Park, where Sir Donald Bradman scored his first century in grade cricket.[126]

Tempe Lands, 10 hectares of parkland at the south-western corner of LGA, was redeveloped by Marrickville Council in 2003 on the site of a former rubbish tip at a cost of A$17.5 million. The parklands feature sporting fields, a golf driving range, and a constructed saltmarsh and ephemeral wetlands area for wildlife.[127]

Other major parks in the area include Enmore Park, Camperdown Park, Marrickville Park, Steel Park and Camperdown Memorial Rest Park. There are also substantial parklands surrounding the Cooks River.[128] After the completion of the airport's third runway in the mid-1990s, the Commonwealth Government controversially purchased and demolished 152 residential properties in the worst-affected parts of Sydenham. The newly vacant land, which is located not under the approach path of the third runway but under the approach/departure path for runway 16R/34L, became Sydenham Green, a public park covering 4.5 hectares. A series of oversized 'living room' sculptures (lamp, chairs and fireplace) decorate the park, paying homage to the homes that formerly occupied the site.[129]

Sister cities[edit]

Marrickville Council had sister city relations with the following cities:[130]

The following cities have also signed agreements to formalise relationships with Marrickville:

References[edit]

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