Marriott International

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marriott International, Inc.
PredecessorMarriott Corporation
FoundedMarch 5, 1927; 96 years ago (1927-03-05) in Washington, D.C., U.S.
HeadquartersBethesda, Maryland, U.S.
Number of locations
Area served
Key people
  • Bill Marriott
  • (Chairman Emeritus)
  • David Marriott
  • (Chairman)
  • Anthony Capuano
  • (CEO)
RevenueIncrease US$13.86 billion (2021)
Increase US$1.75 billion (2021)
Increase US$1.10 billion (2021)
Total assetsIncrease US$25.55 billion (2021)
Total equityIncrease US$1.41 billion (2021)
Number of employees
120,000 (December 2021)
Footnotes / references
Marriott International hotels worldwide (interactive map)
San Diego Marriott Marquis & Marina, one of the highest revenue-generating hotels in the United States
The Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center, one of the tallest hotels in the Western Hemisphere

Marriott International, Inc. is an American multinational company that operates, franchises, and licenses lodging including hotel, residential and timeshare properties.[1] It is headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland. The company was founded by J. Willard Marriott (1900–1985) and his wife Alice Marriott (1907–2000).


Marriott is the largest hotel chain in the world by the number of available rooms. It has 31 brands with 8,000 properties containing 1,423,044 rooms in 139 countries and territories.[1] Of these 8,000 properties, 2,149 are operated by Marriott, and 5,493 are operated by others pursuant to franchise agreements.[1] The company also operates 20 hotel reservation centers.[1]

Marriott International, Inc. was formed in 1993 when Marriott Corporation split into two companies: Marriott International, Inc., which franchises and manages properties, and Host Marriott Corporation (now Host Hotels & Resorts), which owns properties.[3]

Since the founders were Mormon missionaries, copies of the Book of Mormon are provided in hotel rooms in addition to the Bible.[4]


The Key Bridge Marriott was the company's longest-operating hotel until its closure in 2021, located at Key Bridge in Rosslyn.

Founding and early years[edit]

Marriott Corporation was founded by John Willard Marriott in 1927 when he and his wife, Alice Marriott, opened a root beer stand in Washington, D.C.[5] After serving a Mormon mission in New England, Marriott traveled to Washington, D.C. where he experienced the humid summer weather of the city. Marriott was convinced that what residents of the city needed was a place to get a cool drink, and so after returning to Utah and graduating from The University of Utah, Marriott purchased the rights to franchise an A&W root beer stand in Columbia Heights.[6] The first summer saw brisk business, but as cold weather approached they realized the seasonal nature of their business and received permission from A&W to start selling food. He named the restaurant Hot Shoppes and watched as it grew in popularity.[7] Always looking for new ways to improve his company, he bought the vacant lot next to one of his Hot Shoppes, removed the curb, and began offering the first drive-in service on the East Coast. This move popularized the restaurants, and by 1932, the Marriotts owned 7 Hot Shoppes in the D.C. area.[6] In 1953, Hot Shoppes, Inc. became a public company via an initial public offering.[8]

The company opened its first hotel, the Twin Bridges Motor Hotel, in Arlington, Virginia, on January 16, 1957.[9][10] It cost $9 per night, plus an extra $1 for every person that was in the car.[11] Its second hotel, the Key Bridge Marriott in Rosslyn, Arlington, Virginia, was opened in 1957 and was Marriott International's longest continuously operating hotel until its closure in July 2021.[12][13]

Hot Shoppes, Inc. was renamed the Marriott Corporation in 1967.[14]

In 1976, the company opened two theme parks named Marriott's Great America in California and in Illinois.[15] Six Flags acquired the latter in 1984,[16] while Cedar Fair has owned the California park since 2006.[17]

Marriott International[edit]

Marriott International, Inc. was formed in 1993 when Marriott Corporation split into two companies: Marriott International, Inc., which franchises and manages properties, and Host Marriott Corporation (now Host Hotels & Resorts), which owns properties.[3]

In 1995, Marriott was the first hotel company to offer online reservations.[18]

In April 1995, Marriott acquired a 49% interest in The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company.[19] Marriott believed that it could increase sales and profit margins for The Ritz-Carlton, a troubled chain with many properties either losing money or barely breaking even. The cost to Marriott was estimated to have been about $200 million in cash and assumed debt. The next year, Marriott spent $331 million to acquire The Ritz-Carlton, Atlanta, and buy a majority interest in two properties owned by William Johnson, a real estate developer who had purchased The Ritz-Carlton, Boston in 1983 and expanded his Ritz-Carlton holdings over the next twenty years. Ritz-Carlton expanded into the timeshare market. Ritz Carlton benefited from Marriott's reservation system and buying power. In 1998, Marriott acquired majority ownership of The Ritz-Carlton.[20]

In 1997, the company acquired the Renaissance Hotels and Ramada brands from Chow Tai Fook Group and its associate company, New World Development.[21][22] Marriott International also signed an agreement to manage hotels owned by New World Development.[23]

In 2001, the Marriott World Trade Center was destroyed during the September 11 attacks.

In 2002, CTF Hotel Holdings Inc., a company that owns a hotel in Hong Kong managed by Marriott, sued Marriott alleging that Marriott engaged in extortion and bribery. According to the allegations, Marriott contracted to receive audio-visual services from Molloy. Marriott paid an inflated amount to Molloy and pocketed the 1.7 million dollars above its fee. Marriott had to return the money to CTF Hotel. CTF Hotel also accused Marriott of accepting bribes from suppliers.[24]

In 2003, the company completed the corporate spin-off of its senior living properties (now part of Sunrise Senior Living) and Marriott Distribution Services.[25] In the same year, the owners of the Marriott-operated, Town Hotels, sued Marriott for breach of contract, breach of fiduciary duty, negligence, and fraud. They claimed that Marriott along with the Avendra hotel chain violated West Virginia law by contracting with vendors and receiving "sponsorship fees" from them to provide services to Town Hotels, when according to the contract, Marriott was forbidden to profit from the contract except for management fees. [26]

In 2004, the company sold its right to the Ramada brand to Cendant, acquired in 1997.[27]

In 2005, Marriott International and Marriott Vacation Club International were two of the 53 entities that contributed the maximum of $250,000 to the Second inauguration of George W. Bush.[28][29][30]

On July 19, 2006, Marriott implemented a smoking ban in all buildings it operated in the United States and Canada effective September 2006.[31][32][33]

In 2007, Marriott became the first hotel chain to serve food that is completely free of trans fats at all of its North American properties.[34][35]

Hotels franchised or operated by the company were affected by the 2003 Marriott Hotel bombing, the Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing in 2008, and the 2009 Jakarta bombings.

On November 11, 2010, Marriott announced plans to add over 600 hotel properties by 2015, primarily in emerging markets: India, where it planned to have 100 hotel properties, China, and Southeast Asia.[36]

On January 21, 2011, Marriott said that adult movies would not be included in the entertainment offered at new hotels, which would use an Internet-based video on demand system.[37][38]

In 2011, Mitt Romney received $260,390 in director's fees from Marriott International,[39] despite the fact that he had already stepped down from the board of directors to run for President of the United States.[40] His released 2010 tax returns showed earnings in 2010 of $113,881 in director's fees from Marriott.[41] In February 2012, Bloomberg News reported on Romney's years overseeing tax matters for Marriott, which had included several "scams" (quoting John McCain) and legal actions brought against Marriott, which Marriott lost in court, over its manipulations of the U.S. Tax Code.[42][43]

Effective March 31, 2012, Bill Marriott assumed the role of executive chairman of the company and relinquished the role of chief executive officer to Arne Sorenson.[44][45][46]

In December 2012, Guinness World Records recognized the JW Marriott Marquis Dubai, a five star hotel, as the tallest hotel in the world.[47]

In 2013, the owners of the Madison 92nd Street Associates LLC, who contracted with Marriott to manage their hotel, sued Marriott for $400 million, alleging that Marriott had conspired the workers' committee. They claimed that Marriott allowed the workers to unionize at the Madison-owned hotel in exchange for not unionizing at Marriott's flagship hotels.[48]

On October 3, 2014, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) fined Marriott $600,000 for unlawful use of a "containment" feature of a Wi-Fi monitoring system to deliberately interfere with client-owned networks in the convention space of its Gaylord Opryland Resort & Convention Center in Nashville. The scheme disrupted operation of clients' mobile phone hotspots via Wi-Fi deauthentication attacks.[49] Marriott International, Inc., the American Hotel and Lodging Association and Ryman Hospitality Properties responded by unsuccessfully petitioning the FCC to change the rules to allow them to continue jamming client-owned networks, a position which they were forced to abandon in early 2015 in response to backlash from clients, mainstream media, major technology companies, and mobile carriers.[50][51] The incident drew unfavorable publicity to Marriott's practice of charging exorbitant fees for Wi-Fi.[52][53]

On April 1, 2015, Marriott acquired Canadian hotel chain Delta Hotels, which operated 38 hotels at that time.[54][55]

On November 16, 2015, Marriott announced the acquisition of Starwood for $13 billion.[56] A higher offer for Starwood at $14 billion from a consortium led by China's Anbang Insurance Group was announced March 3, 2016.[57][58][59] After Marriott raised its bid to $13.6 billion on March 21, Starwood terminated the Anbang agreement and proceeded with the merger with Marriott.[60] Following receipt of regulatory approvals, Marriott closed the merger with Starwood on September 23, 2016, creating the world's largest hotel company with over 5700 properties, 1.1 million rooms, and a portfolio of 30 brands.[61] The Starwood acquisition gave Marriott a larger non-US presence; approximately 75% of Starwood's revenues were from non-US markets.[62][63]

On November 30, 2018, Marriott disclosed that the former Starwood brands had been subject to a data breach. After the disclosure, Attorney General of New York Barbara Underwood announced an investigation into the data breach.[64][65] The cyberattack was found to be a part of a Chinese intelligence-gathering effort that also hacked health insurers and the security clearance files of millions more Americans. The hackers are suspected of working on behalf of the Ministry of State Security, the country's Communist-controlled civilian spy agency.[66][67][68] Initially, Marriott said that 500 million customers' personal information had been exposed.[69] In January 2019, the company updated the number of guests affected to "less than 383 million" customers, and claimed many of the customer's payment cards had expired.[70]

- In 2019 and 2021, Marriott faced an investigation[71] and a class action lawsuit[72] in the US for its practice of charging resort fees that were not included in the room price, with the services included in these "resort fees" unclear. This method is prohibited in many parts of the world and is known as "drip pricing".[73]

In December 2019, the company acquired Elegant Hotels, operator of 7 hotels in Barbados.[74]

In February 2020, the company discovered a data breach that included the theft of contact information for 5.2 million customers.[75]

In April 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the company instituted additional cleanliness standards, including requiring the use of electrostatic sprayers with disinfectant, adding disinfecting wipes in all hotel rooms, and removing or re-arranging furniture in public areas to allow more space for social distancing.[76] During the pandemic, global occupancy fell as low as 31%.[77]

President and CEO Arne Sorenson died on February 15, 2021, from pancreatic cancer.[78] On February 23, 2021, Anthony Capuano was appointed to fill Sorensen's vacancy as CEO and Director, having previously served as Marriott's group president of global development, design and operations.[79]

Entrance to new headquarters building in Bethesda, Maryland

In November 2021, the company was criticized for refusing to host the World Uyghur Congress at one of its properties in Prague, citing reasons of "political neutrality".[80]

In August 2022, employees began moving into the company's new 21-story, 785,000-square-foot headquarters building on Wisconsin Avenue, ahead of an official opening on September 21. The new building was constructed over four years as part of a $600 million downtown Bethesda campus, together with the adjacent Marriott Bethesda Downtown hotel.[81]

In 2023, a criminal investigation was opened against Marriott in Poland, claiming that it acted fraudulently and unethically against the Lim company, the owner of a Warsaw hotel. During the COVID-19 period, Marriott would not keep up the hotel’s maintenance and shifted the costs of maintaining the empty hotel to the Lim Company. At the same time Marriott prevented the Lim Company from renting the hotel to the National Health Fund for doctors' housing or contracting for advertising deals until the Lim Company would pay unwarranted bonuses to Marriott.[82]

Also in the same year, on May 1, Marriott announced that it completed the acquisition of Mexican hotelier Hoteles City Express. By this move, Marriott officially entered the affordable midscale-segment under City Express by Marriott brands.[83][84][85][86]


  • In November 2020, Marriott International was named as one of the "Top 75 Companies for Executive Women" by Working Mother.[87]
  • In June 2022, Marriott was recognized by the International Hospitality Institute on the Global 100 in Hospitality, a list featuring the 100 Most Powerful People in Global Hospitality.[88][89]

Senior leadership[edit]

From Marriott's founding in 1927 to 2012, the company's senior leadership was led by members of the Marriott family. In 2012, Arne Sorenson became the first non-Marriott family member to be appointed chief executive; this practice continued when Anthony Capuano was named his successor in 2021. The current practice is members of the Marriott family are named chairman while other company executives are named as chief executive.[90]

  • Executive Chairman: David Marriott (since May 2022)
  • Chief Executive: Anthony Capuano (since February 2021)

List of former chairmen[edit]

  1. J. Willard Marriott (1927–1985)
  2. Bill Marriott (1985–2022)

List of former chief executives[edit]

  1. J. Willard Marriott (1927–1972)
  2. Bill Marriott (1972–2012)
  3. Arne Sorenson (2012–2021)


Year Revenue
in mil. USD$
Net income
in mil. USD$
Total Assets
in mil. USD$
2005 11,129 669 8,530 143,000
2006 11,995 608 8,588 150,600
2007 12,990 696 8,942 151,000
2008 12,879 362 8,903 146,000
2009 10,908 −346 7,933 137,000
2010 11,691 458 8,983 129,000
2011 12,317 198 5,910 120,000
2012 11,814 571 6,342 127,000
2013 12,784 626 6,794 123,000
2014 13,796 753 6,833 123,500
2015 14,486 859 6,082 127,500
2016 15,407 808 24,140 226,500
2017 20,452 1,459 23,948 177,000
2018 20,758 1,907 23,696 176,000
2019 20,972 1,273 25,051 174,000
2020 10,571 −267 24,701 121,000
2021 13,857 1,099 25,553 120,000

Carbon footprint[edit]

Marriott International reported Total CO2e emissions (Direct + Indirect) for the twelve months ending 31 December 2020 at 5,166 Kt (-1,643 /-24.1% y-o-y)[91] and aims to reach net zero emissions by 2050.[92]

Marriott International's annual Total CO2e Emissions - Market-Based Scope 1 + Scope 2 (in kilotonnes)
Dec 2017 Dec 2018 Dec 2019 Dec 2020
6,238[93] 6,836[94] 6,809[95] 5,166[91]

The Luxury Collection[edit]

The Luxury Collection is a hotel brand of Marriott International with several notable hotels including Hotel Alfonso XIII, Gritti Palace Hotel, IVY Hotel + Residences, Hotel Imperial, ITC Grand Chola, Marqués de Riscal Hotel, The Nines, Palace Hotel, San Francisco, The Park Tower Knightsbridge Hotel, Phoenician Resort, Hotel President Wilson, The St. Anthony Hotel, and Royal Hawaiian Hotel. As of December 31, 2020, there were 118 hotels comprising 23,243 rooms operating under the brand.[96] The Luxury Collection is notable as the first "soft brand" hotel chain.[97]

Most hotels of the brand are located in converted historic buildings, including palaces or older hotels. The brand also enlists notable designers to craft luxury travel accessories that are available exclusively on the brand's website.[98]

The Royal Penthouse Suite at Hotel President Wilson in Geneva, part of The Luxury Collection, billed at US$65,000 per night, is listed at the top of the World's 15 Most Expensive Hotel Suites list compiled by CNN in 2012.[99]


The Luxury Collection brand began on January 13, 1992, when ITT Sheraton designated 28 of its most expensive hotels and 33 of the Sheraton Towers, as the ITT Sheraton Luxury Collection.[100]

In February 1994, ITT Sheraton Hotels and Resorts acquired a controlling interest in CIGA (Compagnia Italiana Grandi Alberghi, or Italian Grand Hotels Company), an Italian international hotel chain that owned several luxury properties in Europe.[101] The majority of the CIGA hotels were folded into The Luxury Collection. CIGA's original logo, the four horses of St. Mark, was kept for The Luxury Collection brand logo until 2010; each Luxury Collection hotel now uses its own logo.

In 2011, it embarked on an advertising campaign.[102]

In 2012, the brand announced a major expansion in Asia, particularly in China.[103]

In 2014, the brand signed Danish supermodel Helena Christensen as spokesperson.[104]

In 2015, the company launched a $700 million program to renovate properties.[105][106]

Marriott brands[edit]

J.W. Marriott and the Ritz-Carlton at LA Live, Los Angeles
A Fairfield Inn & Suites in Lake Buena Vista, Florida
JW Marriott at South Beach, Singapore
JW Marriott Desert Springs in-door Boat Parking Foyer in Palm Desert, California
Frenchman's Cove, U.S. Virgin Islands, a Marriott Vacation Club resort

Marriott operates 30 brands internationally.[107]










Long Stay[edit]



  • Element Hotels
  • Homes & Villas by Marriott International


Great America parks[edit]

Yankee Harbor, one of the original areas part of Marriott Great America theme parks.

Marriott developed three theme parks, of which two opened: Marriott's Great America in Santa Clara, California and Marriott's Great America in Gurnee, Illinois.[109] A third site was proposed but never built in the Washington D.C. area, but was cancelled due to strong opposition by surrounding residents.[110][111] The parks were operated by Marriott from 1976 until 1984, and were themed to celebrate American history. The American-themed areas under Marriott's tenure of ownership included "Carousel Plaza" (the first section beyond the main gates); small-town-themed "Hometown Square"; "The Great Midwest Livestock Exposition At County Fair" with a Turn of the Century rural-fair theme; "Yankee Harbor", inspired by a 19th-century New England port; "Yukon Territory", resembling a Canadian/Alaskan logging camp; and the French Quarter-modeled "Orleans Place". At the opening, the parks had nearly identical layouts.[112][113][114]

In 1984, Marriott disposed of its theme park division;[115] both parks were sold and today are associated with national theme park chains. The Gurnee location was sold to Six Flags where it operates today as Six Flags Great America.[16] The Santa Clara location was sold to the City of Santa Clara, who retained the underlying property and sold the park to Kings Entertainment Company,[116] renamed Paramount Parks in 1993.[117] From 1993 to 2006, the Santa Clara location was known as Paramount's Great America.[117] In 2006, Paramount Parks was acquired by Cedar Fair Entertainment Company;[17] the Santa Clara park operates today as California's Great America.[118] In the years after their sale, the layouts of both of the parks have diverged substantially.[112]

Loyalty program[edit]

Marriott Bonvoy logo

Marriott Bonvoy is Marriott's loyalty program and was formed in the February 2019 merger of its three former rewards programs: Marriott Rewards, Ritz-Carlton Rewards, and Starwood Preferred Guest.

Former loyalty programs[edit]

Starwood Preferred Guest (also known as SPG) was founded in 1999 as the first in the industry to enforce a policy of no blackout dates, no capacity controls, and online redemption. In 2012, Starwood Preferred Guest began offering lifetime status and a dedicated Starwood ambassador for loyal members.[119]

Ritz-Carlton Rewards was founded in 2010. Members were able to receive air miles instead of reward points and able to earn ten points (or two miles) for every dollar spent on any Ritz-Carlton room rates. Despite the restriction of membership to only one of the two programs, members of Ritz-Carlton Rewards were able to earn points in other Marriott hotels, while Marriott Rewards members were able to earn points at a Ritz-Carlton.[120]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Marriott International, Inc. 2021 Form 10-K Annual Report". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. February 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "SCHEDULE 14A INFORMATION REQUIRED IN PROXY STATEMENT". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  3. ^ a b "A RETROSPECTIVE". Host Hotels & Resorts.
  4. ^ McDowell, Edward (December 26, 1995). "Bible Now Shares Hotel Rooms With Some Other Good Books". The New York Times.
  5. ^ Marriott, Bill (May 9, 2007). "Remembrances of Mom – Marriott on the Move". Marriott International.
  6. ^ a b "J. Willard Marriott: From Root Beer To Riches". Entrepreneur. October 10, 2008.
  7. ^ Rosenwald, Michael (July 1, 2007). "Root Beer Roots". The Washington Post.
  8. ^ "Our Story". Marriott International.
  9. ^ Marriott, Bill (January 16, 2019). "CELEBRATING TWIN BRIDGES' ANNIVERSARY". Marriott International.
  10. ^ "Nation's First Marriott Hotel Closes Its Doors". Deseret News. December 20, 1988.
  11. ^ Draznin, Haley (September 4, 2017). "The Marriott family American Dream: From "Hot Shoppes" to hotels". CNN.
  12. ^ Clabaugh, Jeff (August 2, 2016). "Key Bridge Marriott's future is uncertain". WTOP.
  13. ^ Rosenthal, Josh (March 25, 2023). "Arlington County condemns, clears former Key Bridge Marriott building". FOX 5 DC. Retrieved June 26, 2023.
  14. ^ "Before hotels, magnate dabbled in restaurants" (PDF). Alexandria Times. March 7, 2013.
  15. ^ Marriott, Bill (August 16, 2019). "TAKE A SPIN ON NATIONAL ROLLER COASTER DAY". Marriott International.
  16. ^ a b "Bally's adds Great America to network", Southern Illinoisan, April 27, 1984.
  17. ^ a b "Press Releases :: Cedar Fair Entertainment Company". Archived from the original on July 28, 2006. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  18. ^ "Services". Forbes.
  19. ^ McQuaid, Kevin L. (March 7, 1995). "Marriott gets 49% of Ritz-Carlton". The Baltimore Sun.
  20. ^ Merle, Renae (June 19, 2002). "Ritz-Carlton to Be Based in Md". The Washington Post.
  21. ^ Sanchez, Jesus (February 19, 1997). "Marriott to Buy Renaissance for $1 Billion". Los Angeles Times.
  22. ^ McDowell, Edwin (February 19, 1997). "Marriott Aims Overseas With Acquisition". The New York Times.
  23. ^ "1998 Annual Report" (PDF). New World Development. 1998. pp. 34–35.
  24. ^ "Marriott sued".
  25. ^ "Form 10-K for the Fiscal Year Ended January 2, 2004". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  26. ^ "In Town Hotels Ltd. Partbership v. Marriott Inter., Inc., 246 F. Supp. 2d 469 (S.D.W. Va. 2003)".
  27. ^ Hedgpeth, Dana (April 3, 2004). "Marriott to Sell Stake in 2 U.S. Brands". The Washington Post.
  28. ^ Drinkard, Jim (January 17, 2005). "Donors get good seats, great access this week". USA Today.
  29. ^ "Financing the inauguration". USA Today. January 16, 2005.
  30. ^ "Some question inaugural's multi-million price tag". USA Today. January 14, 2005.
  31. ^ "Marriott Hotels To Go Smoke-Free". CBS News. July 20, 2006.
  32. ^ Sanders, Peter (July 19, 2006). "Marriott to Ban Smoking From All Rooms". The Wall Street Journal.
  33. ^ Rosenwald, Michael S. (July 20, 2006). "Marriott Hotels Ban Smoking In Rooms". The Washington Post.
  34. ^ Yu, Roger (February 1, 2007). "Marriott says trans fats will check out". USA Today.
  35. ^ "Marriott to Cut Trans Fat At U.S., Canada Hotels". The Wall Street Journal. February 2, 2007.
  36. ^ Basu, Aniruddha (November 11, 2010). "Marriott to expand India portfolio to 100 hotels". Reuters.
  37. ^ DeLollis, Barbara (January 21, 2011). "Marriott says no to adult movies in new hotels". USA Today.
  38. ^ Heath, Thomas (January 21, 2011). "Marriott hotels will stop offering in-room adult movies". The Washington Post.
  39. ^ "Willard M. Romney, 2010 Tax Return" (PDF).
  40. ^ "Mitt Romney leaves Marriott International board". American City Business Journals. January 13, 2011.
  41. ^ "Willard M. Romney, 2010 Tax Return" (PDF).
  42. ^ "Romney as Audit Chair Saw Marriott Son of BOSS Shelter Defy IRS". Bloomberg News.
  43. ^ "Did Romney enable a company's abusive tax shelter?". CNN. August 9, 2012.
  44. ^ Rosenwald, Michael S. (December 13, 2011). "Marriott CEO J.W. Marriott Jr. to step down". The Washington Post.
  45. ^ Clabaugh, Jeff (December 13, 2011). "Bill Marriott Jr. retiring as CEO". American City Business Journals.
  46. ^ King, Danny (December 14, 2011). "Bill Marriott to step down as Marriott CEO". Travel Weekly.
  47. ^ Lynch, Kevin (June 9, 2015). "World's tallest hotel: Take a look inside the J W Marriott Marquis Dubai". Guinness World Records.
  48. ^ Longstreth, Andrew (January 15, 2013). "Former hotel owner sues Marriott over alleged labour conspiracy". Reuters.
  49. ^ "Marriott to Pay $600K to Resolve WiFi-Blocking Investigation" (Press release). Federal Communications Commission. October 3, 2014.
  50. ^ "Dismissal of Marriott's Petition for a Declaratory Ruling". Federal Communications Commission. February 13, 2015.
  51. ^ "Marriott hotels do U-turn over wi-fi hotspot blocks". BBC News. February 15, 2015.
  52. ^ "Free Wi-Fi at luxury Marriott hotels--for some". Los Angeles Times. November 2, 2014.
  53. ^ "Hotels to collect record $2.25 billion in guest fees". Los Angeles Times. August 31, 2014.
  54. ^ "Marriott International Completes Acquisition of Delta Hotels and Resorts®; Becomes the Largest Full-Service Hotelier in Canada" (Press release). Marriott International. April 1, 2015.
  55. ^ Deschamps, Tara (January 27, 2015). "Marriott expands in Canada by buying Delta hotel brand". Toronto Star.
  56. ^ "Marriott closes $13-billion purchase of Starwood to become world's largest hotel chain". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. September 23, 2016.
  57. ^ "Starwood dumps Marriott deal for competing bid". USA Today. March 18, 2016.
  58. ^ "Starwood receives nearly $14B buyout bid from Chinese group". Associated Press. March 14, 2016.
  59. ^ Carew, Rick; Steinberg, Julie; Jamerson, Joshua (March 15, 2016). "Starwood Gets Offer From Group Led by Anbang, Threatening Marriott Deal". The Wall Street Journal.
  60. ^ Banerjee, Arunima (March 21, 2016). "Sheraton-owner Starwood accepts higher offer from Marriott". Reuters.
  61. ^ "Marriott International Completes Acquisition of Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Creating World's Largest and Best Hotel Company While Providing Unparalleled Guest Experience" (Press release). Marriott International. September 23, 2016.
  62. ^ "MARRIOTT BUYING STARWOOD IN DEAL VALUED AT $12.2 BILLION". Advertising Age. November 16, 2015.
  63. ^ Blackman, Andrew; Yu, Hui-yong; Mulholland, Sarah (November 16, 2015). "MARRIOTT BUYING STARWOOD IN DEAL VALUED AT $12.2 BILLION". Bloomberg News.
  64. ^ Henney, Megan (November 30, 2018). "Marriott discloses data breach that could affect up to 500M guests". Fox News.
  65. ^ O'Flaherty, Kate (November 30, 2018). "Marriott Breach -- What Happened, How Serious Is It And Who Is Impacted?". Forbes.
  66. ^ Sanger, David E.; Perlroth, Nicole; Thrush, Glenn; Rappeport, Alan (December 11, 2018). "Marriott Data Breach Is Traced to Chinese Hackers as U.S. Readies Crackdown on Beijing". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
  67. ^ "Marriott hotel cyber attack linked to Chinese spy agency". The Independent. December 12, 2018.
  68. ^ "Marriott cyberattack traced to Chinese hackers". Axios. December 12, 2018.
  69. ^ Shepard, Sydny (January 9, 2019). "Marriott Breach: Unencrypted Passport Numbers, Payment Cards Leaked". Security Today.
  70. ^ Cimpanu, Catalin (January 4, 2019). "Marriott says less than 383 million guests impacted by breach, not 500 million". ZDNet.
  71. ^ Elliott, Christopher (August 24, 2022). "Whatever happened to those resort fees everyone hates?". The Washington Post.
  72. ^ Rizzi, Corrado (September 11, 2019). "Marriott International Hit with Class Action Over Alleged 'Drip Pricing' for Hotel Room Rates".
  73. ^ Shaak, Erin (March 9, 2021). "Marriott Hit with Class Action Over Alleged Drip Pricing Scheme".
  74. ^ Hansen, Drew (December 10, 2019). "Marriott closes on purchase of Barbados hotel portfolio". American City Business Journals.
  75. ^ Sorrells, Mitra (March 31, 2020). "Marriott is victim of another massive data breach". Phocuswire.
  76. ^ "Marriott International Launches Global Cleanliness Council to Promote Even Higher Standards of Cleanliness in the Age of COVID-19". Marriott International. April 21, 2020.
  77. ^ Jelski, Christina (August 11, 2020). "Marriott believes worst is over, global occupancy at 30%". Phocuswire.
  78. ^ Valinsky, Jordan (February 16, 2021). "Marriott CEO Arne Sorenson has died after pancreatic cancer fight". CNN.
  79. ^ Bartiromo, Michael (February 23, 2021). "Marriott International names new CEO following death of Arne Sorenson". Fox Business.
  80. ^ Allen-Ebrahimian, Bethany; Lawler, Dave (November 18, 2021). "Marriott refused to host Uyghur conference, citing "political neutrality"". Axios. Retrieved November 18, 2021.
  81. ^ Schere, Dan (August 15, 2022). "New Marriott International headquarters towers above downtown Bethesda". Bethesda Magazine. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
  82. ^ "marriott ma problemy prokuratura wszczela sledztwo".
  83. ^ "Marriott Acquires City Express Hotels". LoyaltyLobby. October 19, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2023.
  84. ^ Inc, Marriott International. "Marriott International Receives Regulatory Approval To Complete City Express Brand Acquisition". Retrieved September 15, 2023. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  85. ^ Staff, LODGING (May 4, 2023). "Marriott Completes Acquisition of City Express Brand Portfolio". LODGING Magazine. Retrieved September 15, 2023.
  86. ^ "Marriott International Expands into Affordable Midscale Segment with Acquisition of the City Express Brand Portfolio". Marriott International Newscenter (US). Retrieved September 15, 2023.
  87. ^ Lockwood, Lisa (December 1, 2020). "Working Mother Media Names Top 75 Companies for Executive Women". Working Mother.
  88. ^ Dundas, Guy (July 14, 2022). "LATTE Columnist gains global hospitality recognition". LATTE Luxury News. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
  89. ^ Mix, Pulse (August 1, 2022). "Dr Jeffrey Obomeghie and Dupe Olusola among the 100 most powerful people in global hospitality". Pulse Nigeria. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
  90. ^ Marriott, Richard. "Building a Family Legacy: The Marriott Story" (PDF).
  91. ^ a b "Marriott International's ESG Datasheet for 2020Q4" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 24, 2021. Alt URL
  92. ^ "Marriott International's Sustainability Report for 2021Q3". Archived from the original on October 26, 2021. Alt URL
  93. ^ "Marriott International's ESG Datasheet for 2017Q4" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 11, 2021. Alt URL
  94. ^ "Marriott International's ESG Datasheet for 2018Q4" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 21, 2021. Alt URL
  95. ^ "Marriott International's ESG Datasheet for 2019Q4" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 21, 2021. Alt URL
  96. ^ "Marriott International, Inc. 2020 Form 10-K Annual Report". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  97. ^ Karmin, Craig (April 15, 2015). "Starwood Is Launching an Affiliated Hotel Group". The Wall Street Journal.
  98. ^ OGLETREE, KELSEY (April 30, 2020). "6 Luxurious Mother's Day Gifts Inspired by World-Class Hotels". Robb Report.
  99. ^ Arnold, Helen (December 2, 2011). "World's 15 most expensive hotel suites". CNN.
  100. ^ "ITT SHERATON CORPORATION EXTENDS SEGMENTATION BY PREMIERING THE ITT SHERATON LUXURY COLLECTION" (Press release). PR Newswire. January 13, 1992. Archived from the original on January 1, 2017.
  101. ^ "COMPANY NEWS; ITT's Sheraton Unit in Pact To Buy Ciga Hotels of Italy". The New York Times. Bloomberg News. February 10, 1994.
  102. ^ Levere, Jane L. (August 28, 2011). "A Subtle Emotional Appeal to Luxury Travelers". The New York Times.
  103. ^ Kauffman, Scott (June 15, 2012). "Luxury Collection Hotels Carves out Bigger Asia-Pacific Footprint". World Property Journal.
  104. ^ "Starwood's Luxury Collection Signs Up Supermodel". Skift. February 20, 2014.
  105. ^ "The Luxury Collection® Celebrates 'Hotels That Define the Destination' in New Global Advertising Campaign" (Press release). Business Wire. September 24, 2015.
  106. ^ Gollan, Doug (September 22, 2015). "The Luxury Collection Is Readying A New Brand Image, Ad Campaign". Forbes.
  107. ^ "Marriott Hotel Brands". Marriott International.
  108. ^ "Marriott International Bets Big on 'Bleisure' with Apartments by Marriott Bonvoy". Retrieved November 15, 2022.
  109. ^ "$50-Million Park Opens". Desert Sun. March 20, 1976. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  110. ^ Leonard, Kevin. "Marriott theme park, Redskins stadium once planned in Laurel", The Baltimore Sun, May 31, 2013.
  111. ^ Jones, William H. (March 2, 1978). "Marriott Drops Its Plans For Va. Amusement Park". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 11, 2022.
  112. ^ a b "Six Flags Great America - Part 1: Marriott in the Midwest". Themerica. April 6, 2019. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
  113. ^ "Six Flags Great America - Part 2: The Original Lands". Themerica. April 22, 2019. Retrieved August 20, 2022.
  114. ^ "'Batman the Ride' big draw at Six Flags Park in Gurnee". The Dispatch. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  115. ^ "Marriott to Sell Park to Bally". The New York Times. Associated Press. April 27, 1984. Retrieved October 27, 2022.
  116. ^ "A New Start At Great America". The Modesto Bee. Modesto, CA. June 20, 1985. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  117. ^ a b Milo, Mr (August 16, 2021). "The History of Paramount's Theme Parks". Pirates & Princesses. Retrieved December 10, 2022.
  118. ^ "Theme Park Will Start New Year with New Attraction, New Show and a Brand New Name". Cedar Fair. Archived from the original on November 16, 2007.
  120. ^ "Ritz-Carlton starts a loyalty programme, Ritz-Carlton starts a loyalty programme". The Economist. September 15, 2010. ISSN 0013-0613.

Further reading[edit]

  • Marriott, Bill (2013). Without Reservations: How a Family Root Beer Stand Grew into a Global Hotel Company.
  • Marriott, John Willard, Jr., and Kathi Ann Brown. The Spirit to Serve: Marriott's Way. First ed. New York: Harper Business, 1997.

External links[edit]

  • Business data for Marriott International: