Mars Orbiter Mission 2
|Names||MOM 2, Mangalyaan 2|
|Mission type||Mars orbiter|
|Mission duration||1 year (proposed)|
|Start of mission|
|Rocket||GSLV Mk. 2 or Mk. 3|
|Launch site||Satish Dhawan|
|Periareon||200 km (120 mi)|
|Apoareon||2,000 km (1,200 mi)|
Mars Orbiter Mission 2 (MOM 2), also called Mangalyaan 2 ("Mars-craft", from Sanskrit: मंगल mangala, "Mars" and यान yāna, "craft, vehicle"), is India's second interplanetary mission planned for launch to Mars by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in the 2022-2023 time frame. The orbiter will utilize aerobraking to lower its initial apoapsis and enter into an orbit more suitable for observations.
After the successful insertion of Mars Orbiter Mission into Martian orbit, ISRO announced its intent to launch a second mission to Mars on 28 October 2014 at the Engineers Conclave conference held in Bangalore. The proposed launch vehicle for this campaign is the GSLV Mk III, which flew for the first time on 5 June 2017. Prior to the MOM 2 mission, the GSLV Mk III would also launch Chandrayaan-2 to the Moon in 2019.
In January 2016, India and France signed a letter of intent for ISRO and CNES to jointly build MOM 2 by 2020, but by April 2018, France was not yet involved in the mission. The Indian government funded MOM 2 in its 2017 budget proposal, and ISRO is considering whether the best path is to conduct an orbiter/lander/rover mission or to opt for only an orbiter with more sophisticated instruments than those flown on MOM.
One of the science payloads under development is an ionosphere plasma instrument named ARIS. It is being developed by Space Satellite Systems and Payloads Centre (SSPACE), which is part of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST). The engineering model and high vacuum test have been completed.
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