View of Marsa parish church
|Region||South Eastern Region|
|District||Southern Harbour District|
|Borders||Floriana, Ħamrun, Luqa, Paola, Qormi|
|• Mayor||Francis Debono (PL)|
|• Total||2.8 km2 (1.1 sq mi)|
|Population (March 2014)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Marsi (m), Marsija (f), Marsin (pl)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||MT-26|
|Patron saint||Maria Regina|
|Day of festa||Last Sunday of August|
First Sunday of June
Marsa is located on the Marsa Creek, a body of water formed by the flow of water from wadis in high ground nearby to the sea. The creek includes the Grand Harbour which the town is based on. A port was first established at Marsa by the Phoenicians. Remains of Roman constructions have been found close to the town.
At the arrival of the Order of St John in Malta, a particular cultivated garden was among the few places observed. A vital spring for the Grand Harbour was located on site. It is thought a foundry of the Order may have been located at Marsa. During the Great Siege of Malta of 1565, Marsa was used as a camp by troops of the Ottoman Empire. Following their defeat, Marsa became a barony containing a number of vineyards. A noteworthy bridge was located in Marsa which facilitated the road from Birgu to the area of Valletta and vice versa.
In the 17th century a historical museum, the Museo di San Giacomo, was located at Marsa. This was created when Giovanni Francesco Abela converted his house into a museum and was the first of its type on Malta. Many of its artefacts are now held at the National Museum of Archaeology in Malta's capital city Valletta.
During the French blockade of 1798-1800, Maltese insurgents built Marsa Battery and Jesuit Hill Battery in Marsa to encircle the French in the Grand Harbour. Both batteries were demolished after the end of the blockade.
A new port was constructed in the 1860s under the rule of the British Empire. It was intended that a town would be built at the site under the name Albert Town, named after Prince Albert. By 1890 the town had a population of over 600 people, but it was later abandoned. A new town at the site emerged in the 20th century, taking the name Marsa after the creek.
In July 2009 a plan to regenerate the harbour area was announced. This is intended to turn the site into a recreational area and is planned include the construction of a marina with space for 170 boats.
Marsa is home to the Malta Shipyards. In November 2014, the Malta Shipbuilding in Marsa was also the venue for both the 12th annual Junior Eurovision Song Contest and the Malta Eurovision Song Contest 2015.
Since 1953, Marsa had an oil-fueled power station which provided most of the electricity to the Maltese Islands, until it began to be demolished in 2014. A new Marsa north distribution centre will be built instead of the former power station, in order to reinforce the island's power grid.
Zones in Marsa
- Albert Town
Marsa is twinned with:
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- Spiteri, Stephen C. (May 2008). "Maltese 'siege' batteries of the blockade 1798-1800" (PDF). Arx - Online Journal of Military Architecture and Fortification (6): 36–37. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- "Marsa menqa regeneration plan unveiled". The Times of Malta. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2011.
- Martin, Ivan (28 October 2014). "Marsa power station: The beginning of the end". Times of Malta. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
- Richards, Brian (2008). Malta. New Holland Publishers. p. 27. ISBN 1845373618.
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- Saviour Formosa; Sandra Scicluna; Jacqueline Azzopardi, eds. (January 2013). Realities of Crime, Society and Landuse in the Mediterranean: JANUS I (PDF). Msida: Department of Criminology, University of Malta. p. 70. doi:10.13140/2.1.1230.4322. ISBN 978-99957-834-0-2. Archived from the original on 15 March 2017.
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- "Bridgwater Twinning Association". Bridgwater Town Council. Retrieved 2013-07-18.
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