|Marseille Fos port|
Container ship in the east basin (Marseille)
|Opened||15th century (quays construction)|
|Type of harbor||grand port maritime|
|Annual cargo tonnage||85.79 million tonnes (2012)|
|Annual container volume||1,062,408 TEU (2012)|
|Passenger traffic||2.4 million (2012)|
Marseille Fos Port (French: Grand port maritime de Marseille, or Great Seaport of Marseille) is the main trade seaport of France. In 2011, the port had an overall traffic of 88 million tons. It was also one of the 15 world's largest cruise ports and the fifth-largest in the Mediterranean.
It is has two main sites: in northern Marseille from La Joliette to l'Estaque as well as in Fos-sur-Mer, about 50 km (31 mi) north west of Marseille. The port generates 45,000 jobs and €4 billion according to an OECD study.
The port is the biggest French port, the second Mediterranean port and the fourth European port, making it the 41st port in the world in 2014, transporting 85,997,000 tons of goods.
Historically the local port was the Old Port of Marseille. In the 1840s, maritime traffic becomes too intense for the Old Port capacities and an extension seemed necessary. As second port of France, the issue was too important and the decision escaped the city by the law of August 5, 1844. The government ordered the construction of the basin of la Joliette, at the north of the Old Port, through an ambitious project (13 million francs). The construction of the large mole used concrete blocks techniques. The Joliette infrastructures began to be used in 1847. The pool was fully completed in 1853.
The Development Council for the metropolitan area of Marseille-Provence has studied the creation of a technopole, or technoport, to redynamise the port activities. It would include the capacity to repair ships over 270 m (885 ft or 295 yd) long, offshore wind turbines and other innovative technologies.
|General cargo (tons)||Containers (TEU)||Passengers|
|2010||86 M||953,435||2.06 M|
|2011||88 M||944,047||2.3 M|
|2012||85.79 M||1,062,408||2.4 M|
|2014||78.52 M||1,179,910||2.5 M|
- (in French) Avis - Vers la création d'un technoport sur le territoire Marseille-Povence, Conseil de Développement Marseille-Provence Métropole, June 2013.