Marseille Cathedral

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Cathedral of Saint Mary Major
Cathédrale Sainte-Marie-Majeure
Cathédrale de la Major (Marseille) frontal.jpg
Façade of the cathedral
Basic information
Location Marseille, France
Geographic coordinates 43°17′59″N 5°21′54″E / 43.29972°N 5.36500°E / 43.29972; 5.36500Coordinates: 43°17′59″N 5°21′54″E / 43.29972°N 5.36500°E / 43.29972; 5.36500
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Rite Roman
District Archdiocese of Marseille
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Cathedral
Architectural description
Architectural type Church
Architectural style Romanesque-Byzantine
Marseille Cathedral
The old Cathedral, la vieille Major

Marseille Cathedral (Cathédrale Sainte-Marie-Majeure de Marseille or Cathédrale de la Major) is a Roman Catholic cathedral, and a national monument of France, located in Marseille. It has been a basilica minor since 1896. It is the seat of the Archdiocese of Marseille (formerly the Diocese of Marseille until its elevation in 1948).

Old cathedral[edit]

Part of the earlier, much smaller cathedral still remains, alongside the new cathedral. It was built in the 12th century in a simple romanesque style. Two bays of the nave were demolished in the 1850s, when the new cathedral was built. What remains is the choir and one bay of the nave. It is commonly referred to as the "Vieille Major".[1] The composer Charles Desmazures was organist at the old cathedral.

New cathedral[edit]

The present cathedral, the "Nouvelle Major", was built on an enormous scale in Byzantine-Roman style from 1852 to 1896 on the site used for the cathedrals of Marseille since the fifth century, principally by the architects Léon Vaudoyer and Henri-Jacques Espérandieu (1829-1874). It is 146 meters long, and the main cupola is 70 meters high.

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