|Group:||Group I (dsDNA)|
Marseilleviridae is a family of double stranded DNA viruses. Amoeba serve as natural hosts. There are currently four species in this family, divided among 1 genera. It is a member of the nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses clade.
Additional species have since been recognized. The first member of this family recognized has been named Acanthamoeba polyphaga marseillevirus. A second member is Acanthamoeba castellanii lausannevirus. Two additional viruses have been isolated but have yet to be named. Another member of this family has been isolated from blood donors. An isolate from insects—Insectomime virus—has also been reported.
The viruses appear to fall into at least 3 lineages: (1) Marseillevirus and Cannes8virus (2) Insectomime and Tunisvirus and (3) Lausannevirus. A sixth potential member of this family—Melbournevirus—appears to be related to the Marseillevirus/Cannes8virus clade.
A seventh virus—Brazilian Marseillevirus—has been reported. This virus appears to belong to a fourth lineage of virus in this family.
Another virus—Tokyovirus—has also been reported.
Viruses in Marseilleviridae have icosahedral geometries. The diameter is around 250 nm. Genomes are circular, around 372kb in length. The genome has 457 open reading frames.
|Genus||Structure||Symmetry||Capsid||Genomic arrangement||Genomic segmentation|
Dna templated transcription is the method of transcription. Amoeba serve as the natural host.
|Genus||Host details||Tissue tropism||Entry details||Release details||Replication site||Assembly site||Transmission|
|Marseillevirus||Amoeba||None||Fusion||Lysis||Cytoplasm||Cytoplasm||Diffusion in Water|
- "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 12 August 2015.
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- Boughalmi M, Pagnier I, Aherfi S, Colson P, Raoult D, La Scola B. First isolation of a Marseillevirus in the Diptera Syrphidae Eristalis tenax. Intervirology 56(6):386–394 doi:10.1159/000354560
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- Takemura M (2016) Draft genome sequence of Tokyovirus, a member of the Family Marseilleviridae isolated from the Arakawa River of Tokyo, Japan. Genome Announc 9:4(3). pii: e00429–16. doi: 10.1128/genomeA.00429-16
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- Aherfi S, La Scola B, Pagnier I, Raoult D, Colson P. (2014) The expanding family Marseilleviridae. Virology. pii: S0042-6822(14)00320-00321. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2014.07.014. PMID 25104553