Marshall County, Alabama

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Marshall County
Marshall County Courthouse in Guntersville
Marshall County Courthouse in Guntersville
Map of Alabama highlighting Marshall County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°22′05″N 86°18′14″W / 34.368055555556°N 86.303888888889°W / 34.368055555556; -86.303888888889
Country United States
State Alabama
FoundedJanuary 9, 1836
Named forJohn Marshall
SeatGuntersville
Largest cityAlbertville
Area
 • Total623 sq mi (1,610 km2)
 • Land566 sq mi (1,470 km2)
 • Water57 sq mi (150 km2)  9.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total97,612
 • Estimate 
(2021)
98,228 Increase
 • Density160/sq mi (60/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.marshallco.org
  • County Number 50 on Alabama Licence Plates

Marshall County is a county of the state of Alabama, United States. As of the 2020 census the population was 97,612.[1] Its county seat is Guntersville.[2] A second courthouse is in Albertville. Its name is in honor of John Marshall, famous Chief Justice of the United States.[3] Marshall County is a dry county, with the exception of the four cities of Albertville, Arab, Guntersville, and Boaz. Marshall County comprises the Albertville, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Huntsville-Decatur-Albertville, AL Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Marshall County was established on January 9, 1836.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 623 square miles (1,610 km2), of which 566 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 57 square miles (150 km2) (9.2%) is water.[5] The Tennessee River runs both north and south within the county.

River[edit]

Tennessee River

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18407,553
18508,84617.1%
186011,47229.7%
18709,871−14.0%
188014,58547.8%
189018,93529.8%
190023,28923.0%
191028,55322.6%
192032,66914.4%
193039,80221.8%
194042,3956.5%
195045,0906.4%
196048,0186.5%
197054,21112.9%
198065,62221.0%
199070,8327.9%
200082,23116.1%
201093,01913.1%
202097,6124.9%
2021 (est.)98,228[6]0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2020[1]

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 82,231 people, 32,547 households, and 23,531 families living in the county. The population density was 145 inhabitants per square mile (56/km2). There were 36,331 housing units at an average density of 64 per square mile (25/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.38% White, 1.47% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.24% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 5.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[11] According to the census[12] of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Marshall County were English 68.2%, Scots-Irish 12.31%, Scottish 5.1%, Irish 4.22%, Welsh 2.3% and African 1.47%.

Of the 32,547 households 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 24.60% of households were one person and 10.90% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.

The age distribution was 24.90% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median household income was $32,167 and the median family income was $38,788. Males had a median income of $30,500 versus $20,807 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,089. About 11.70% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census there were 93,019 people, 35,810 households, and 25,328 families living in the county. The population density was 164 inhabitants per square mile (63/km2). There were 40,342 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile (28/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.6% White, 1.6% Black or African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.8% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. 12.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[13] Of the 35,810 households 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were non-families. 25.4% of households were one person and 11.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05.

The age distribution was 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.58% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% 65 or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.1 males.

The median household income was $37,661 and the median family income was $47,440. Males had a median income of $36,024 versus $27,478 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,875. About 15.3% of families and 19.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.3% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census[edit]

Marshall County racial composition[14]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 74,666 76.49%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,293 2.35%
Native American 418 0.43%
Asian 579 0.59%
Pacific Islander 128 0.13%
Other/Mixed 3,870 3.96%
Hispanic or Latino 15,658 16.04%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 97,612 people, 35,330 households, and 25,078 families residing in the county.

Religion[edit]

At the 2010 census:[15]

Government[edit]

United States presidential election results for Marshall County, Alabama[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 33,191 83.70% 5,943 14.99% 521 1.31%
2016 29,233 82.78% 4,917 13.92% 1,166 3.30%
2012 25,867 79.24% 6,299 19.30% 478 1.46%
2008 25,727 77.57% 7,038 21.22% 401 1.21%
2004 22,783 72.35% 8,452 26.84% 256 0.81%
2000 17,084 61.04% 10,381 37.09% 524 1.87%
1996 12,323 52.89% 8,722 37.43% 2,255 9.68%
1992 12,249 45.85% 10,421 39.01% 4,047 15.15%
1988 12,148 60.90% 7,357 36.88% 442 2.22%
1984 12,330 60.47% 7,704 37.78% 357 1.75%
1980 8,159 40.93% 10,854 54.45% 920 4.62%
1976 6,006 29.88% 13,696 68.14% 398 1.98%
1972 12,090 74.45% 3,894 23.98% 254 1.56%
1968 2,725 16.34% 955 5.73% 13,000 77.94%
1964 5,712 56.33% 0 0.00% 4,428 43.67%
1960 3,398 33.98% 6,595 65.94% 8 0.08%
1956 3,071 32.34% 6,329 66.66% 95 1.00%
1952 2,069 25.55% 6,011 74.22% 19 0.23%
1948 870 25.69% 0 0.00% 2,517 74.31%
1944 1,200 26.31% 3,356 73.58% 5 0.11%
1940 913 17.98% 4,142 81.55% 24 0.47%
1936 925 17.95% 4,208 81.68% 19 0.37%
1932 904 18.64% 3,836 79.09% 110 2.27%
1928 2,511 51.84% 2,322 47.94% 11 0.23%
1924 1,718 38.75% 2,629 59.31% 86 1.94%
1920 3,879 48.74% 4,041 50.78% 38 0.48%
1916 1,183 37.32% 1,944 61.32% 43 1.36%
1912 428 13.84% 1,457 47.11% 1,208 39.06%
1908 923 39.43% 1,313 56.09% 105 4.49%
1904 966 37.03% 1,336 51.21% 307 11.77%


Communities[edit]

Marshall County courthouse in Albertville.

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Marshall County is home to numerous outdoor recreation areas including Lake Guntersville State Park, Cathedral Caverns State Park, and Buck's Pocket State Park.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 200.
  4. ^ Marshall County History Archived December 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2021.
  15. ^ "Marshall County, Alabama". The Association of Religion. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  16. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 21, 2016.
  17. ^ Randall, Stefanté (May 5, 2021). "Cherokee Ridge approved to become a town in Marshall County". WAFF (TV). Retrieved May 23, 2021.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°22′05″N 86°18′14″W / 34.36806°N 86.30389°W / 34.36806; -86.30389