Marshall Field III
|Marshall Field III|
Marshall Field III, 1919
September 28, 1893|
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois
|Died||November 8, 1956
New York City
|Cause of death||Brain cancer|
|Education||Eton College &
Publisher: Newspaper, magazine, books
|Known for||Founder: Chicago Sun & Parade magazine|
|Spouse(s)||1 Evelyn Marshall
2) Audrey Evelyn James Coats
3) Ruth Pruyn Phipps
|Children||Children with Evelyn:
Marshall IV, Barbara, Bettine
Children with Ruth:
|Parent(s)||Marshall Field, Jr. &
Marshall Field III (September 28, 1893 – November 8, 1956) was an American investment banker, publisher, racehorse owner/breeder, philanthropist, heir to the Marshall Field department store fortune and a leading financial supporter and founding board member of Saul Alinsky's community organizing network Industrial Areas Foundation.
Born in Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, he was raised primarily in England where he was educated at Eton College and at the University of Cambridge. In 1917 he joined the 1st Illinois Cavalry and served with the 122nd Field Artillery in France during World War I. He built an estate in 1925.
On his discharge after the war ended, Field returned to Chicago where he went to work as a bond salesman at Lee, Higginson & Co. After learning the business, he left to open his own investment business. A director of Guaranty Trust Co. of New York, he eventually teamed up with Charles F. Glore and Pierce C. Ward to create the investment banking firm of Marshall Field, Glore, Ward & Co. In 1926, Field left the firm to pursue other interests.
Already a recipient of substantial money from the estate of his grandfather Marshall Field, on his fiftieth birthday Marshall Field III inherited the bulk of the remainder of the family fortune. His brother, Henry Field, who was to have shared in the fortune died earlier in 1917.
Marshall Field III was primarily a publisher, and was founder of the Chicago Sun which became the Chicago Sun-Times. The primary investor in the newspaper PM, he eventually bought out the other investors to become publisher. He also created Parade as a weekly magazine supplement for his own paper and for others in the United States. By 1946, Parade had achieved a circulation of 3.5 million.
In 1944, Marshall Field III purchased Simon & Schuster and Pocket Books. Following his death, his heirs sold the company back to its founders, Richard L. Simon and M. Lincoln Schuster, while Leon Shimkin and James M. Jacobson acquired Pocket Books.
A polo player, Field invested heavily in Thoroughbred racehorses both in the United States and in Great Britain. Among his successful British horses were three fillies who won the Irish Oaks and Golden Corn who won England's Middle Park Stakes and Champagne Stakes in 1921 and the July Cup in 1923. In the United States, Nimba was the 1927 American Champion Three-Year-Old Filly, and Tintagel won the 1935 Futurity Stakes and was voted American Champion Two-Year-Old Colt.
In 1926, one year after his estate was built, Marshall Field partnered with Robert A. Fairbairn, William Woodward, Sr., and Arthur B. Hancock to import Sir Gallahad III from France to stand at stud in the United States.
The Marshall Field III Estate is a mansion built in 1925 on Long Island Sound which was designed by architect John Russell Pope. It was built on the grounds of a 1,400-acre (5.7 km2) estate -- now called Caumsett State Park -- that Marshall Field III purchased in 1921. It is a New York State Historic Site.
Marshall Field supported a number of charitable institutions and in 1940 created the Field Foundation. He personally served as President of the Child Welfare League of America. He also donated substantial funds to support the New York Philharmonic symphony orchestra and served as its President.
Death and family
Field died in 1956 of brain cancer. His widow and third wife, Ruth Pruyn Field, who had previously been married to sportsman Ogden Phipps, died on January 25, 1994 at age eighty-six. They had two daughters, Phyllis Field and Fiona Field. By his first wife Evelyn Marshall he had daughters Barbara Field and Bettina Field and son Marshall Field IV. By his second wife, of whom he was the second husband, Audrey Evelyn James (April 21, 1902 - February 14, 1968), whom he married on August 18, 1930 and divorced in Reno, Washoe County, Nevada, in 1934, he left no issue.
- IAF: 50 Years Organizing for Change, p. 7.
- Horwitt, Let Them Call Me Rebel, pp. 102-103.
- Kennedy, Karen Morey (January 5, 1979). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Marshall Field, III, Estate (Caumsett) / Caumsett State Park". Retrieved 2008-02-28. and Accompanying 16 photos, exterior and interior, from 1975 and 1976
- Becker, Stephen. Marshall Field III; a biography (1964) Simon and Schuster
- Madsen, Axel. The Marshall Fields: The Evolution of an American Business Dynasty (2002) Wiley ISBN 0-471-02493-7
- Marshall Field brief bio at the U.K. National Horseracing Museum
- University of Illinois, Department of English - May, 1917 International Socialist Review article by Carl Sandburg titled "Will Marshall Field III. Enlist?"
- Illinois National Guard article on Marshal Field IIIs service in WWI
- Marshal Field III and the Caumsett State Historic Park
- Harvard Business School – 20th Century Great American Business Leaders
- The Field Foundation
- TIME magazine July 8, 1935 brief biography on Marshall Field III
- TIME magazine September 27, 1943, birthday inheritance of Marshall Field III
- Simon & Schuster and Pocket Books are sold to Marshall Field III