Main Street Marshalltown
Location in Iowa
|Incorporated||March 5, 1923|
|• Mayor||James Lowrance|
|• Total||19.31 sq mi (50.01 km2)|
|• Land||19.28 sq mi (49.93 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)|
|Elevation||942 ft (287 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||27,328|
|• Rank||17th in Iowa|
|• Density||1,429/sq mi (551.7/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0458824|
Henry Anson was the first European settler in what is now called Marshalltown. In April 1851, Anson found what he described as “the prettiest place in Iowa.” On a high point between the Iowa River and Linn Creek, Anson built a log cabin. A plaque at 112 West Main Street marks the site of the cabin. In 1853 Anson named the town Marshall, after Marshall, Michigan, a former residence of his.
The town became Marshalltown in 1862 because another Marshall already existed in Henry County, Iowa (In 1880, Marshall's name changed to Wayland). With the help of Potawatomi chief Johnny Green, Anson persuaded early settlers to stay in the area. In the mid-1850s, Anson donated land for a county courthouse. Residents donated money for the building’s construction. In 1863 the title of county seat transferred from the village of Marietta to Marshalltown. The young town began growing. By 1900, Marshalltown had 10,000 residents. Many industries began developing in Marshalltown, like Fisher Controls, Lennox International and Marshalltown Company.
Adrian Constantine "Cap" Anson, son of Henry and Jennette Anson, was the first European child born in the new pioneer town and is today known as Marshalltown’s “first son”. Adrian became a Major League Baseball player and was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1939. He was regarded as one of the greatest players of his era and one of the first superstars of the game.
Baseball steadily became popular as Marshalltown grew in the mid-1800s. Adrian’s brother Sturgis also became a talented baseball player and both went to play on intra-school teams at the University of Notre Dame. Both later returned to Marshalltown to play baseball for the town team. Along with their father Henry, the town’s founder, they put together a team and became the most prominent team in the state of Iowa. The Marshalltown team, with Henry Anson at third base, Adrian's brother Sturgis in center field, and Adrian at second base, won the Iowa state championship in 1868. In 1870 Marshalltown played an exhibition game with the talented Rockford Forest Citys. Although Marshalltown lost the game, Rockford’s management offered contracts to all three of the Ansons. Adrian accepted the contract, which began his professional career in baseball in 1871.
Baseball continued its popularity in Marshalltown. In the early 1880s Billy Sunday played for the town baseball team. In 1882, with Sunday in left field, the Marshalltown team defeated the state champion Des Moines team 13-4. Marshalltown later formed a minor league team naming it after the Anson family, the Marshalltown Ansons. From 1914-1928 the team played in the Central Association and Mississippi Valley League.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.31 square miles (50.01 km2), of which 19.28 square miles (49.93 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water. Neighboring counties include Hardin and Grundy to the North, Tama County to the east, Jasper to the south, and Story County to the west.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 27,552 people, 10,335 households, and 6,629 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,429.0 inhabitants per square mile (551.7/km2). There were 11,171 housing units at an average density of 579.4 per square mile (223.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.8% White, 2.2% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 7.9% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.1% of the population.
There were 10,335 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.9% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.18.
The median age in the city was 37.3 years. 26.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 24.9% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.
As of the Census of 2000, there were 26,009 people, 10,175 households, and 6,593 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,442.7 people per square mile (557.0/km²). There were 10,857 housing units at an average density of 602.2 per square mile (232.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.8% White, 1.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 8.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.6% of the population.
There were 10,175 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.02.
Age spread: 24.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,688, and the median income for a family was $45,315. Males had a median income of $32,800 versus $23,835 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,113. About 8.8% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
- Marshalltown Company, a manufacturer of American tools for many construction and archaeological applications, is based in Marshalltown.
- The Big Treehouse, a large tourist attraction located outside of Marshalltown.
According to Marshalltown's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Swift & Company||2,400|
|3||Marshalltown Community School District||1,002|
|4||Iowa Veterans Home||1,000|
|6||Central Iowa Healthcare||700|
|9||Marshalltown Community College||245|
|10||McFarland Clinic PC||223|
Marshalltown Community School District serves Marshalltown.
In 1874 high school classes were held in an old building on North Center Street. The high school had 45 students and C.P. Rogers served as the school's superintendent.
Prior to 1900 Anson School on South Center Street functioned as a primary school. The building was divided into two sections, one for grades 1 through 4 and another for grades 5 through 8. The curriculum included reading, arithmetic, spelling, geography, history, and writing. The upper grades also received teaching in agriculture and hygiene.
In 1883 a schoolhouse was built which was destroyed by fire in 1892. Until a new school could be built, classroom space was rented on Main Street. On September 6, 1894 a new school was built at a cost of $70,000. The structure had two floors of classrooms, a basement, and an auditorium on the third floor. The building was constructed of St. Louis pressed brick, Portage red sandstone, with oak, cypress and yellow pine woodwork. The senior high later moved to a new building in 1927.
Franklin Elementary School was originally built in 1913, but was later destroyed and replaced with another one in its place with the same name. The new building was constructed in the early 1990s and opened at the start of the 1995-1996 school year. The school currently enrolls 400 students and employs 60 staff members.
Lenihan Intermediate School was initially built in 1965 as a Catholic high school at a cost of $775,000. It was designed to house 300 students. After five years in operation the administrators of Lenihan High School found it was financially impossible to continue providing quality education for their students. At the same time, the public school in Marshalltown was overcrowded with students at the junior high school level. The solution decided upon by both parties was to sell Lenihan to the public school system and to make the school a 7, 8, 9 junior high. The transaction was completed and Lenihan Junior High became a reality in the fall of 1970. The Catholic school name, mascot and school colors were all retained in the new public junior high school.
The need for additional space at Lenihan Junior High resulted in the construction of six rooms on the east side of the building in 1975. The addition consisted of three regular classrooms, an art room and two industrial arts facilities.
In the late 1970s Lenihan Junior High’s enrollment was in the 470’s but then declined to a total of approximately 400 students. In 1984, the 6th grade was added to the school, which briefly put the enrollment over 500. However, with declining enrollment the school housed between 400-450 students in grades 6-9 in the later part of the 1980s. In the spring of 1988, the school board voted to close Lenihan at the end of the 1989 school year. An increase in population coupled with troubles equally distributing resources between two middle schools—Miller Middle School and Anson Middle School—led to a reorganization and unification of grades 5 and above within the city. Anson Middle School was closed as a school and now houses the district's Building and Grounds Department. Lenihan Junior High after its closure had served in various administrative functions, but the Marshalltown Community School District renovated it and the building became Lenihan Intermediate School which opened for the 2006-2007 school year.
Marshalltown has bus (Marshalltown Municipal Transit or MMT) and taxicab services. It is also served by Trailways Coach Nationwide.
A municipal airport serves the county approximately four miles north of town. The closest commercial flights are in Des Moines, 53 miles to the southwest.
Rail service: Union Pacific Railroad, formerly Chicago & Northwestern
- Cap Anson, Major League Baseball player and manager, Baseball Hall of Fame in 1939
- Matthew Bucksbaum, businessman and philanthropist: with brothers Martin and Maurice co-founded General Growth Properties greatly accelerating modern post-war suburbanization
- Jerry Burke, pianist and organist from The Lawrence Welk Show
- Blean Calkins, radio sportscaster, president of National Sportscasters & Sportswriters Association 1979-1981
- Jeff Clement, baseball player for University of Southern California, Pittsburgh Pirates and Minnesota Twins
- T. Nelson Downs, stage magician also known as "King of Koins"
- Jim Dunn, former owner of MLB's Cleveland Indians
- George Gardner Fagg, United States federal appellate judge
- Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher (1885–1973), commander during Battle of the Coral Sea and Battle of Midway
- Benjamin T. Frederick, U.S. Representative, Marshalltown city councilman
- Ben Hanford (1861-1910), two-time Socialist Party candidate for Vice President of the United States
- Frank Hawks, record-breaking aviator during 1920s and 1930s
- Anna Arnold Hedgeman (1899–1990), African American civil rights leader
- Clifford B. Hicks (1920-2010), children's book author
- Wally Hilgenberg (1942–2008), football player
- Mary Beth Hurt (1946– ), film, television and stage actress, 3-time Tony Award nominee
- Toby Huss (1966– ), actor and voice actor, Adventures of Pete and Pete, National Lampoon's Vegas Vacation, King of the Hill, Halt and Catch Fire
- Laurence C. Jones (1884–1975), founder of Piney Woods Country Life School in Mississippi
- Lance Corporal Darwin Judge (1956–1975), one of last two soldiers killed in Vietnam War
- Noel T. Keen, plant physiologist
- Maury Kent (1885-1966), MLB player, Iowa, Iowa State and Northwestern coach
- Joseph Kosinski (1974– ), director of Disney film Tron Legacy
- Richard W. Lariviere (1950– ), president and CEO of Field Museum of Natural History
- Milo Lemert (1890–1918), received Medal of Honor for actions during World War I
- Dave Lennox, inventor and businessman, founded Lennox furnace manufacturing business in Marshalltown in 1895
- Elizabeth Ruby Miller (1905-1988), state legislator
- Merle Miller (1919-1986), novelist, activist
- Modern Life is War, hardcore punk band
- Allie Morrison (1904–1966), wrestler, world and Olympic champion
- Stephen B. Packard (1839–1922), Governor of Louisiana briefly in 1877
- Jim Rayburn (1909–1970), founder of Young Life
- Adolph Rupp (1901–1977), Hall of Fame college basketball coach, once head coach at Marshalltown High School
- Jean Seberg (1938-1979), actress, star of such films as Saint Joan, Breathless, Paint Your Wagon and Airport
- Lee Paul Sieg, former president of University of Washington
- Jimmy Siemers, (1982-), professional water skier
- Wynn Speece (1917–1997), "Neighbor Lady" on WNAX (AM) for 64 years
- Billy Sunday (1862–1935), Major League Baseball player and Christian evangelist of early 20th Century
- Henry Haven Windsor (1859–1924), author, magazine editor, publisher, founder and first editor of Popular Mechanics
- Michelle Vieth (1971-) Mexican-American actress, born in Marshalltown
Sister city relations
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- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
- "Data from the 2010 Census". State Data Center of Iowa. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
- "History". Marshalltown Iowa Community Link. Retrieved 2010-12-13.
- "Henry Anson". Anson Elementary School. Retrieved 2010-12-13.
- Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 99.
- "Cap Anson". Society for American Baseball Research Baseball Biography Project. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- "The First Son". Cap Chronicled. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- Firstenberger, William Andrew (2005). In rare form: a pictorial history of baseball evangelist Billy Sunday. University of Iowa Press. p. 12. ISBN 0-87745-959-2. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
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- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- City of Marshalltown CAFR Archived 2013-02-22 at the Wayback Machine.
- Fosness, Irene Marshalltown: A Pictorial History, Quest Publishing, 1985.
- "Lenihan Intermediate School". Archived from the original on 6 January 2010.
- "The Baseball Biography Project". "Cap Anson" by David Fleitz. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- Weber, Bruce (November 29, 2013). "Matthew Bucksbaum, Mall Developer, Dies at 87". New York Times. Retrieved December 19, 2015.
- "Who's Who In Government, p. 1977, vol. 3, p. 181". Marquis Who's Who. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
- "Arlington National Cemetery". Frank Jack Fletcher, Admiral. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- "Find A Grave". Frank Jack Fletcher. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- Joshua Wanhope, "Biographical Sketch of Ben Hanford," in Ben Hanford, Fight For Your Life! Recording Some Activities of a Labor Agitator. New York: Wilshire Book Co., 1909; pp. 3-4.
- Cook, Joan (January 26, 1990). "Anna Hedgeman Is Dead at 90; Aide to Mayor Wagner in 1950's". The New York Times. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "Anna Hedgeman was a force civil rights". African American Rrgistry. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "Wally Hilgenberg". National Football League. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- Schmidt, D.A. (2002) Iowa Pride. Xulon Press. p 210.
- Barnes, Brooks (December 3, 2010). "Cyberspace Gamble". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
- Our Staff, The Field Museum
- "Medal of Honor Recipients World War I". U.S. Army Center Of Military History. December 3, 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- 'Elizabeth R. Miller, 83,' The Marshalltown Times Republican, January 3, 1989, pg. 3
- "SPORTS-REFERENCE". Olympic Sports/Allie Morrison. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- Mill, George Rogues and Heroes from Iowa's Amazing Past The Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, 1972.
- Rayburn, Jim. "Jim Jr, Founder of Young Life - Jim Rayburn Website".
- "2007 World Ranking List, Men’s Jump, List generated on: November 1, 2005 to October 31, 2006,
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- Firstenberger, William Andrew (2005). In rare form: a pictorial history of baseball evangelist Billy Sunday. University of Iowa Press. p. 12. ISBN 0-87745-959-2. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
- Whittaker, Wayne (January 1952). The Story of Popular Mechanics. Popular Mechanics. pp. 127ff. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
- "Ames, Iowa". Open World Leadership Center. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011.
- "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
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