Marske-by-the-Sea

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Marske-by-the-Sea
Cliff Terrace Marske-By-The-Sea - geograph.org.uk - 1714787.jpg
Marske sands
Marske-by-the-Sea is located in North Yorkshire
Marske-by-the-Sea
Marske-by-the-Sea
Location within North Yorkshire
OS grid referenceNZ634222
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townREDCAR
Postcode districtTS11
Dialling code01642
PoliceCleveland
FireCleveland
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°35′28″N 1°01′08″W / 54.5910°N 1.0190°W / 54.5910; -1.0190Coordinates: 54°35′28″N 1°01′08″W / 54.5910°N 1.0190°W / 54.5910; -1.0190

Marske-by-the-Sea is a village [1] in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the coast, between the seaside resorts of Redcar and Saltburn-by-the-Sea, although it is not itself a seaside resort. Marske is in the civil parish of Saltburn, Marske and New Marske and comprises the wards of Longbeck (shared with New Marske) and St Germains.[2]

History[edit]

Marske is mentioned in the Domesday Book. St Germain's Church was consecrated by bishop Ægelric between 1042 and 1056.[3] Marske was amerced 20 marks for its part in the pillaging of a Norwegian vessel in 1180.[3]

RFC Marske[edit]

RFC/RAF base in Marske

The Royal Flying Corps had a landing strip and schools in Marske.[4] 'Captain' W. E. Johns, the author of the Biggles books, was posted to RFC Marske during part of the First World War, from April until August 1918.[5]

The Bristol M1C Monoplane, The Red Devil, was first flown from this RFC aerodrome.[6] The RAF later administered an airfield here. After the Second World War the site of the aerodrome became an ICI depot and later a housing estate, The Landings, with roads named on an aeronautical theme: Avro Close, Blackburn Grove, De Havilland Drive – leading onto Vickers Lane–, Beardmore Avenue, Folland Drive, Wellington Close, Brabazon Drive, Halifax Close and Lysander Court.

Politics[edit]

Marske is part of Redcar constituency and is represented by Conservative Jacob Young in the House of Commons.

Economy[edit]

The Harbour at Marske

The majority of the residents of Marske do not work within the village, but work in nearby industry or in Middlesbrough or Redcar. Marske has a range of local shops and a mixture of light industries on the Industrial Estate notably label and barcode specialists Weyfringe.[7] There is also small scale sea fishing using cobles and tractors from the beach.

Landmarks[edit]

Marske has two imposing mansion houses.

  • Marske Hall* was built around 1625 and was formerly the home of the Zetland family.[8] It was gifted to Leonard Cheshire to be run as a home for the disabled in 1964 and continued as such for the following 55 years, until it was sold as a going concern to a private company in 2019.[9]
  • Cliff House,* which stands on the cliff tops overlooking the beach, was built in the 19th century as a holiday residence for the Pease family, who were prominent in the north-east business community, at the time, and principal shareholders in the Stockton and Darlington Railway. The railway was extended to Redcar in the 1840s and to Marske and Saltburn in the 1860s.

Marske has its own post office, medical centre, leisure centre and a library.[10] The village has Methodist, Baptist, Church of England and Roman Catholic churches and five public houses: The Frigate, The Ship Inn,* The Zetland, The Mermaid and The Clarendon.[11] The tower of St Germain's church was allowed to remain close to the cliff edge as a prominent landmark. The tower is used by inshore fishermen to find the harbour since otherwise the coastal cliffs would appear relatively featureless.[citation needed]

Most of Marske's listed buildings are to be found on High Street,[12] and Redcar Road,[13] but there are a few more on Church Street,[14] Cliff Terrace,[15] East Street,[16] and The Garth.[17]

Winkies Castle[edit]

Winkies Castle

Marske is also home to a museum named Winkies Castle, dating back to the 17th century, which is run by volunteers and open to visitors from Easter Saturday each year until the end of September. This is not really a castle but an old half cruck cottage formerly owned by the late master shoemaker, Jack Anderson.[18] There is a story that the house's name comes from Jack's cat named Winkie.

The museum has rotating exhibitions and over 6,000 articles; including a two-headed lamb called "Bill and Ben". The building was saved from demolition in 1968 by Jack Anderson when he turned it into a community museum and bequeathed it to the Community of Marske (trustees Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council).

It is now run and managed by volunteers; it is open three days a week from Easter Saturday until the end of September each year.[19]

Transport[edit]

Marske is served by Longbeck and Marske railway stations, which connect to Darlington railway station. The main road through Marske is the A1085 Coast Road and High Street.

Marske is served by the Arriva North East 4/4A, 64/64A, 81/81A/781, and X3/X4 bus services.

Education[edit]

Marske-by-the-Sea has three primary schools: Errington Primary School, Westgarth Primary School, and St Bede's R.C. Primary School. Marske is served by the following secondary schools: Outwood Academy Bydales located within the village and Rye Hills School, Sacred Heart Secondary Catholic Voluntary Academy located in Redcar, and Huntcliff School located in Saltburn.[20]

Sport[edit]

Marske-by-the-Sea has an Martial Art ITF Tae Kwon Do School.[21] Furthermore, the village has two Football teams; Northern League Division 1 football club Champions, Marske United F.C. and Langbaurgh League Division 2 Champions, Marske F.C [22] as well as a cricket club, and badminton club.

Notable people[edit]

England and Yorkshire cricketer Paul Jarvis grew up in Marske. His Yorkshire cc jumper can be found on display in Marske cricket club. Charles Dickens visited Marske in around 1844 to see the grave of Captain Cook's father.[23] An early 20th century memorial, 20–30 yards west of St Germain's tower, marks the approximate location.[24] 'Captain' W.E. Johns, the author of the Biggles books, was based at RFC Marske towards the end of the First World War.[5]

Marske was home to Charlotte Hughes, the longest-lived person ever documented in the United Kingdom.[25] In the 1970s West Indies cricketer Albert Padmore lived in Marske.[26]

Steve Oliver, the writer, director, and radio broadcaster attended Errington Primary School, until his family relocated to Norfolk in 1985. Marske was also home of artist Chris Dooks—past director of arts television programmes, such as The South Bank Show.[27] Middlesbrough Football Club players, Robbie Stockdale & Cameron Park both grew up in Marske. Singer and songwriter Georgina Anderson, who died from cancer in 2013 at the age of 15, also came from Marske and attended Bydales Secondary School. The electronic music group Radio Massacre International was formed in Marske in the early 1980s. Actor-playwright, singer-songwriter Shaun Lawton, born 1941 in New Marske, lived in Marske from 1950 to 1957.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Marske Conservation Area Appraisal 2011" (PDF). Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council. p. 5. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Redcar & Cleveland Ward Map". Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2007.
  3. ^ a b Farrer, William (1914–1916). Early Yorkshire charters; being a collection of documents anterior to the thirteenth century made from the public records, monastic chartularies, Roger Dodsworth's manuscripts and other available sources. vol. 2. Edinburgh: Ballantyne, Hanson, & Co.
  4. ^ "Redcar Map Directory". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 16 August 2007.[dead link]
  5. ^ a b "Captain W. E. Johns". The Twickenham Museum. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
  6. ^ "The Harry Butler Story". District Council of Yorke Peninsula. Archived from the original on 22 August 2007. Retrieved 16 August 2007.
  7. ^ "Weyfringe Labelling Systems". Cylex. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  8. ^ "Marske-by-the-Sea History". p. 3. Archived from the original on 8 May 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2006.
  9. ^ Robson, Dave (30 July 2018). "Well-known care home to be sold off by national charity". gazettelive. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Marske Library". Redcar & Cleveland Leisure. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
  11. ^ "Pubs in Marske-By-The-Sea". Pubs Galore. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
  12. ^ High Street: "53"., "62 & 64"., "91a"., "145a"., "145 & 145b"., "151–157"., "158"., "162"., "Garage"., "Tel. Kiosk"., "Tithe Barn"., "The Ship Inn". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  13. ^ Redcar Road: "Marske Hall"., "Dovecote"., "Front Garden Wall"., "Garden Walls"., "Greenhouse"., "Storehouse"., "Marske Hall Cottages"., "Zetland Estate Office, #36"., "Church of St. Mark"., "War Memorial"., "Walls". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  14. ^ Church Street: "2". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  15. ^ Cliff Terrace: "Cliff House". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  16. ^ East Street: "48". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  17. ^ The Garth: "Gazebo and garden wall No. 3". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  18. ^ "Welcome to Winkies Castle: A memorial to master shoemaker Jack". Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2006.
  19. ^ "Cobbler's curious castle unveiled". Northern Echo. This is the North East. 2002. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2006.
  20. ^ "this is Redcar & Cleveland, The Learning Map". Redcar and Cleveland. Archived from the original on 15 September 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  21. ^ "Home Page". North East Schools of Tae Kwon Do. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  22. ^ "The Seasiders". the seasiders.webs.com. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012.
  23. ^ Bolckow (4 April 2015). "Charles Dickens, 1844 - Winkie's Castle, The High Street, Marske by the Sea". Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  24. ^ "Captain James Cook Biography: Part 1. Early life and Royal Navy". Archived from the original on 15 May 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2006.
  25. ^ "On this day, 1 August 1989: Britain's oldest person turns 112". BBC News. 1 August 1989. Retrieved 19 November 2007.
  26. ^ Pearson, Harry (29 May 2009). "Greenpeace and the spinners' art". The Guardian.
  27. ^ "Artist and Doctoral Researcher Chris Dooks". dooks.org. Retrieved 6 February 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • Changing Marske-by-the-Sea, Winkies Castle Folk Museum.
  • Sotheran, Peter (1976). Memories of Marske-by-the-Sea. A.A. Sotheran Ltd. ISBN 0-905032-03-9.
  • Hope, Edmund (1975). Hope's history of Marske-by-the-Sea. A.A. Sotheran Ltd. ISBN 0-9504427-2-0.

External links[edit]