Marston St. Lawrence
|Marston St. Lawrence|
St Lawrence's parish church
|Population||202 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Marston St. Lawrence is a village and civil parish about 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of Brackley in Northamptonshire. A stream flows through the village and another forms the southern boundary of the parish. The two merge as Farthinghoe Stream, a tributary of the Great Ouse. The 2001 Census recorded the parish population as 209, decreasing slightly to 202 at the 2011 Census.
A Palaeolithic hand axe has been found southwest of the village. Late Neolithic or Bronze Age finds in the parish include stone scrapers, 27 flint arrowheads, three stone axes and fragments of three polished hand-axes. A Bronze Age hoard of weapons was found in Thenford Hill Farm near the village in the nineteenth century that is now in the collections of the British Museum. Traces of an Iron Age and Roman-era settlement south of the village have been found. Artefacts recovered include fragments of possibly Iron Age pottery, Roman tiles and pottery, and five 2nd- or 3rd-century urns, including one containing bones. Traces of other Roman-era settlements have been found in other parts of the parish.
A Saxon cemetery 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the village was found in the 1840s. One skeleton was found in 1842, leading to an excavation in 1843 that found 32 skeletons of humans and one of a horse. There were also four urns, three of which contained cremations. Artefacts found include six pairs of saucer brooches, one large brooch and a bronze clasp. The cemetery has been tentatively dated to the 6th century AD.
Much of the Church of England parish church of St. Lawrence is Decorated Gothic, including the chancel arch and the arcades to both the north and south aisles. The north arcade is of four bays and was built in the 13th century. The Perpendicular Gothic east window of the chancel was added in the second half of the 14th century. One of the aisles was also rebuilt in Perpendicular Gothic, and the bell tower was added late in the Perpendicular period (15th or early 16th century). There are two carved wooden screens: a Perpendicular one to the north chapel and a very well-carved Jacobean one of about 1610 to the tower.
The tower has a ring of five bells. William Rufford of Toddington, Bedfordshire cast the second and third bells in about 1399. Ellis I Knight of Reading, Berkshire cast the treble and fourth bells in 1627. Henry I Bagley of Chacombe cast the tenor bell in 1639.
The origins of the house are either Elizabethan or Jacobean, and one wing includes a panelled room that includes a richly carved overmantel bearing the date 1611. But the house was completely rebuilt between 1700 and 1730, making the present building either Queen Anne or early Georgian. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Sir John Blencowe and his wife Anne Blencowe lived and were buried here. John was a barrister and Anne was noted for gathering recipes. The labouring-class poet Mary Leapor (1722–46) was born in Marston St Lawrence.
- "Parish Headcounts. Area selected: South Northamptonshire (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- British Museum Collection
- RCHME 1982, pp. 98–101.
- Pevsner & Cherry 1973, p. 302.
- Dawson, George (11 December 2006). "Marston St Lawrence S Lawrence". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- Historic England. "Church of St Lawrence (Grade I) (1371489)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- Archbishops' Council (2015). "Benefice of Chenderit". A Church Near You. Church of England. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- Pevsner & Cherry 1973, p. 303.
- Historic England. "Marston House (Grade II*) (1371491)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- Joan Thirsk, ‘Blencowe , Anne, Lady Blencowe (1656–1718)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Oct 2005; online edn, Jan 2007 accessed 16 Nov 2016
- Stuart Gillespie, ‘Leapor, Mary (1722–1746)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 16 Nov 2016
- Marston St. Lawrence Cricket Club
- South Northants Cricket League
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (1973) . Northamptonshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 302–303. ISBN 0-14-071022-1.
- RCHME, ed. (1982). An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Northamptonshire. 4, Archaeological Sites in South-West Northamptonshire. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. pp. 98–101.
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