22nd President of Mexico
5 August 1855 – 12 September 1855
|Preceded by||Antonio López de Santa Anna|
|Succeeded by||Rómulo Díaz de la Vega|
20 December 1806|
Puebla, Puebla, New Spain
|Died||22 April 1871
Mexico City, Mexico
|Spouse(s)||María de los Angeles Lardizábal|
Martín Carrera Sabat (20 December 1806 – 22 April 1871) was a Mexican general and interim president of the country for about a month in 1855. He was a moderate Liberal. His family still influences Mexican politics, and some if his grandsons (Francisco Carrera Torres, Alberto Carrera Torres, and Fausto Carrera Torres), were revolutionaries in the Mexican Revolution.
Carrera entered the military at the age of 9 as a cadet in the Expeditionary Regiment of King Ferdinand VII of Spain. By 1818, he was an instructor in New Spain. He joined the insurgent Army of the Three Guarantees after the Battle of Huerta (30 August 1821). He was with the army when it triumphally entered Mexico City on 27 September 1821.
A lieutenant by the age of 16, he commanded a battery of artillery during the siege of the Spanish in San Juan de Ulúa in 1822. Later he was director of the arsenal and commander of artillery at San Luis Potosí. He defended the government of President Guadalupe Victoria at the time of the "Motín de la Acordada", an insurrection led by General José María Lobato and Lorenzo de Zavala in favor of Vicente Guerrero (30 November 1828). In 1831, he was named commander of La Ciudadela in Mexico City.
Carrera was promoted to brigadier general in 1840 and to general of division in 1853. He was commander of the artillery of the Mexican Army for much of his career. He was a member of the National Legislative Junta charged with writing the Bases Orgánicas (constitution) in 1843 and senator of the Republic from 1844 to 1846.
Carrera was commander of artillery in the Valley of Mexico at the time of the United States invasion. He fought in the battles of Padierna (20 August 1847), Molino del Rey (6 September), and Battle of Casa Mata (11 September). After the war he was military governor of the Federal District (1853–55).
When Antonio López de Santa Anna resigned the presidency because of the Plan de Ayutla, a junta of representatives named Carrera interim president to replace him. He served from 15 August to 12 September 1855. On 20 August 1855, in compliance with the Plan de Ayutla, he called elections for a constituent congress. Under pressure from supporters and opponents of the Plan de Ayutla, he resigned in September, turning the office over to Rómulo Díaz de la Vega. He then retired to private life in Mexico City.
Carrera did not take part in the Reform War. At the time of the French invasion, he offered his services to President Benito Juárez, but did not serve in Juárez's government or military. He wrote the military treatises Uso y prácticas de maniobra de artillería ligera de montaña (San Luis Potosí, 1831) and Notas de campaña (1843). He died in Mexico City in 1871 at the age of 64. Two of his great grandchildren were Alberto Carrera Torres and Francisco Carrera Torres, members of the Army of the Northern Division in the Mexican Revolution.
- (Spanish) "Carrera Sabat, Martín", Enciclopedia de México, v. 3. Mexico City, 1996, ISBN 1-56409-016-7.
- (Spanish) García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrúa, 1984.
- (Spanish) Orozco Linares, Fernando, Gobernantes de México. Mexico City: Panorama Editorial, 1985, ISBN 968-38-0260-5.
Antonio López de Santa Anna
|President of Mexico
5 August - 12 September 1855
Rómulo Díaz de la Vega