Marta Cartabia

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Marta Cartabia
Marta Cartabia (cropped).jpg
Minister of Justice
Assumed office
13 February 2021
Prime MinisterMario Draghi
Preceded byAlfonso Bonafede
President of the Constitutional Court
In office
11 December 2019 – 13 September 2020
Preceded byGiorgio Lattanzi
Succeeded byMario Rosario Morelli
Judge of the Constitutional Court
In office
13 September 2011 – 13 September 2020
Appointed byGiorgio Napolitano
Preceded byMaria Rita Saulle
Succeeded byEmanuela Navarretta
Personal details
Born (1963-05-14) 14 May 1963 (age 58)
San Giorgio su Legnano, Italy
EducationUniversity of Milan
European University Institute
Aix-Marseille University

Marta Cartabia (Italian pronunciation: [ˈmarta karˈtaːbja]; born 14 May 1963) is an Italian jurist and academic who has been serving as Minister of Justice in the government of Prime Minister Mario Draghi since 2021.

Cartabia previously was Judge of the Constitutional Court of Italy between 2011 and 2020, Vice President from 12 November 2014 to 11 December 2019 and President from 11 December 2019 to 13 September 2020. She is a professor of constitutional law. She was the first woman to hold the office of President of the Constitutional Court.

Early life and education[edit]

Cartabia was born in San Giorgio su Legnano, near Milan, in 1963.[1] In 1987, she graduated with honours at the University of Milan, with the thesis "Does a European Constitution exist?" with professor Valerio Onida as her supervisor. She obtained a Ph.D. in law from the European University Institute in Florence in 1993.[2][3][4]

Career[edit]

Cartabia worked at the Constitutional Court of Italy as a clerk between 1993 and 1996. In 2005, she was employed by the University of Milano-Bicocca as professor of the Jean Monnet Course of European Constitutional Law.[2] Between 2006 and 2010 she worked as an independent expert for the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) in Vienna.[3] For the academic year 2009–2010 Cartabia was a Straus Fellow at "The Straus Institute for the Advanced Study of Law & Justice" in New York City.[2]

Constitutional Judge[edit]

Cartabia was appointed as Judge on the Constitutional Court by the President of Italy, Giorgio Napolitano, on 2 September 2011, and sworn into office on 13 September 2011.[1] At the time of her appointment she was one of the youngest appointees ever, and only the third woman in history.[5][6] Cartabia succeeded Maria Rita Saulle, who had died in office.[7] She was appointed Vice President of the Court on 12 November 2014.[8] On 11 December 2019 Cartabia succeeded Giorgio Lattanzi as President of the Constitional Court, becoming the first woman to hold the position. Cartabia received all 14 votes.[6] Cartabia's term in office ended on 13 September 2020. She was succeeded as President by Mario Rosario Morelli and as Judge by Emanuela Navarretta.[9][10]

In December 2017, Cartabia was appointed as a substitute member[11] for Italy to the European Commission for Democracy through Law of the Council of Europe, also known as Venice Commission.[6]

Minister of Justice[edit]

On 13 February 2021 she became Minister of Justice in the Draghi cabinet, a national unity government, succeeding Alfonso Bonafede. Cartabia is the third woman (after Paola Severino and Annamaria Cancelleri to hold this position. On 28 April she obtained the extradition to Italy of seven former left-wing terrorists of the period of the lead years, who had found protection in France due to the Mitterand doctrine.

On 8 July of the same year, the Council of Ministers launched the reform of the criminal justice system, spearheaded by Cartabia itself, in collaboration with commission of experts chaired by the former president of the constitutional court Giorgio Lattanzi. In November 2021 the reform of the Italian civil procedure was also approved by the parliament. These reforms were important in order to obtain European post-COVID 19 recovery funds. As Minister of Justice, she has shown herself in favor of the implementation of substitutive sentences for prison such as semi-release, home detention, community service and fines for those who are given sentence up to four years.[12][13]

Recognition[edit]

Cartabia was made Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic on 24 October 2011.[14]

Writings[edit]

  • Marta Cartabia; Andrea Simoncini (2015). Pope Benedict XVI's legal thought : a dialogue on the foundation of law. New York: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9781316106303. ISBN 9781316106303. OCLC 1008627286.
  • Marta Cartabia; Andrea Simoncini (2013). La legge di re Salomone : ragione e diritto nei discorsi di Benedetto XVI. Biblioteca Universale Rizzoli Saggi (in Italian). Milan. p. 256. ISBN 9788817069878. OCLC 856902230.
  • Marta Cartabia; Andrea Simoncini (2009). La sostenibilità della democrazia nel XXI secolo. Percorsi (in Italian). Bologna: Il Mulino. p. 351. ISBN 978-8815133724. OCLC 515405613. Archived from the original on December 18, 2019. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
  • Aldo Bardusco; Marta Cartabia; Micaela Frulli (February 8–9, 2007). Immunità costituzionali e crimini internazionali : atti del convegno (in Italian). 1 vol. Milan: Giuffrè. pp. X-295. ISBN 978-8814140389. OCLC 690390197.
  • * Marta Cartabia; Marilena Gennusa (2008). La fonti europee e il diritto italiano. Costituzione e società. Poteri (in Italian). Turino: Giappichelli. p. 121. ISBN 978-8834896808. OCLC 868542938.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Constitutional Court: Composition of the Court". Constitutional Court of Italy. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Marta Cartabia". The Straus institute. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Marta Cartabia". New York Encounter. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  4. ^ "Marta Cartabia". Università Bocconi. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Justice Marta Cartabia to Deliver Clynes Chair in Judicial Ethics Lecture". The Law School - University of Notre Dame. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  6. ^ a b c "Consulta. Marta Cartabia eletta Presidente, prima donna a guidare la Corte" (in Italian). RAI News. 11 December 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Il Presidente Napolitano ha nominato Giudice costituzionale la professoressa Marta Cartabia" (in Italian). Quirinale. 2 September 2011. Archived from the original on 7 April 2017.
  8. ^ "Alessandro Criscuolo elected to Constitutional court, update". ANSA. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Corte Costituzionale, Mario Morelli nuovo presidente: prende il posto di Marta Cartabia. Ma la Consulta si è divisa" (in Italian). Il Messagero. 16 September 2020. Archived from the original on 17 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Mattarella nomina Emanuela Navarretta nuova giudice della Corte costituzionale. Sostituirà Marta Cartabia che è a fine mandato" (in Italian). Il Fatto Quotidiano. 9 September 2020. Archived from the original on 19 September 2020.
  11. ^ "Venice Commission :: Council of Europe". www.venice.coe.int. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
  12. ^ https://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/giustizia-penale-piano-cartabia-meno-carcere-e-piu-sanzioni-sostitutive-AEnBMDX. Unknown parameter |autore= ignored (|author= suggested) (help); Unknown parameter |titolo= ignored (|title= suggested) (help); Unknown parameter |accesso= ignored (|access-date= suggested) (help); Unknown parameter |sito= ignored (|website= suggested) (help); Unknown parameter |data= ignored (|date= suggested) (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ https://www.repubblica.it/politica/2021/07/15/news/riforma_della_giustizia_piu_pene_alternative_si_andra_in_cella_solo_per_i_reati_gravi-310371517/. Unknown parameter |titolo= ignored (|title= suggested) (help); Unknown parameter |accesso= ignored (|access-date= suggested) (help); Unknown parameter |sito= ignored (|website= suggested) (help); Unknown parameter |data= ignored (|date= suggested) (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "Cartabia Prof.ssa Marta" (in Italian). Office of the Italian President. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
Legal offices
Preceded by Judge of the Constitutional Court
2011–2020
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of the Constitutional Court
2019–2020
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Italian Minister of Justice
2021–present
Incumbent