Marta Harnecker

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Marta Harnecker
Marta Harnecker año 2011.jpg
Died (aged 82)
Occupationjournalist, author, psychologist, sociologist
Spouse(s)Michael A. Lebowitz

Marta Harnecker (Santiago de Chile, 1937 – Vancouver, Canada 15 June 2019)[1] was a Chilean journalist, author, psychologist, sociologist and Communist-Marxist intellectual. She worked in the analysis of the labor movement and elaborated a lot of formative documentation; She was an advisor to the socialist Marxist government of Cuba, as well as a collaborator with political movements of Extreme Left in Latin America. She was active in the government of Salvador Allende between 1970 and 1973, and a counselor of Hugo Chávez between 2002 and 2006.

She married US economist Michael A. Lebowitz.[1]

Early life[edit]

Harnecker's family had Austrian roots. She studied psychology at the Catholic University of Chile in 1962, and did postgraduate studies in Paris with Paul Ricoeur and Louis Althusser. Upon her return to Chile in 1968, she taught Historical Materialism and Political Economy in Sociology at the University of Chile and was director of the political weekly Chile Hoy.

In 1968 she joined the Socialist Party of Chile. In 1973, she got caught up in the fall of president Salvador Allende and the coup d'état led by General Augusto Pinochet and was forced into exile in Cuba. There, she founded the research institute Memoria Popular Latinoamerica (MEPLA) and continued to write.[2]


Harnecker wrote over 80 books[3] including The Basic Concepts of Historical Materialism and The Left after Seattle. Recent books include Hugo Chávez Frias: un hombre, un pueblo, Venezuela: Militares junto al pueblo and Venezuela: una revolución sui generis which reflect her support of the Bolivarian revolution. (Source: Zed Books, publisher of Rebuilding the Left (London, 2007)).[4][5] Her latest book is entitled A World to Build and it was published in English in January 2015. On 15 August 2014, Marta Harnecker accepted the 2013 Liberator's Prize for Critical Thought, awarded for this book.

  • Harnecker, Marta (2015): A World to Build, Monthly Review Press. ISBN 978-1-58367-467-3.
  • Harnecker, Marta (2010): Ideas for the Struggle, Socialist Interventions Pamphlet Series.
  • Harnecker, Marta (1999): Haciendo posible lo imposible: La izquierda en el umbral del siglo XXI, Siglo Veintiuno Editores, 429 p.. ISBN 968-23-2187-5
  • Harnecker, Marta (1990): América Latina, izquerda y crisis actual: Izquierda y crisis actual, Siglo Veintiuno Editores, 305 p.. ISBN 968-23-1635-9
  • Harnecker, Marta (1986): La Revolución Social: Lenin y América Latina, Siglo Veintiuno Editores, 307 p.. ISBN 968-23-1385-6


  1. ^ a b "Falleció Marta Harnecker, una de las más grandes figuras de la izquierda latinoamericana". El Ciudadano (in Spanish). 15 June 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  2. ^ "El sistema de inteligencia venezolano y la guerra asimétrica" (visited 18/08/08)
  3. ^ [1] (Retrieved 27 June 2019)
  4. ^ Chavez según Harnecker en el periódico chileno Qué pasa (visited 18 August 2008)
  5. ^

External links[edit]