|Comune di Martano|
The old city
|Province / Metropolitan city||Lecce (LE)|
|• Mayor||Fabio Tarantino|
|• Total||21 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||92 m (302 ft)|
|Population (December 31, 2004)|
|• Density||460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Saint Dominic and Our Lady of the Assumption|
|Saint day||August 8 and 15|
Martano is a town and comune of 9,573 inhabitants in the province of Lecce in Apulia, Italy, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Lecce and 18 kilometres (11 mi) from Otranto. It is the biggest town of Grecìa Salentina, a Greek-speaking area where the elders can also speak an ancient dialect called Griko.
The main attraction is the medieval castle in the old town centre, largely rebuilt in the 15th century retaining some features of the previous century, while the biggest churches are those devoted to the Mother of the Assumption and to Madonna del Rosario. The town also owns the highest menhir in Apulia, Santu Totaru menhir, at 4.80 metres (15.7 ft), and an ancient Cistercians monastery devoted to the Mother of the Consolation.
The list of famous people whom Martano gave birth includes Giuseppe Grassi, who signed the Constitution of Italy in 1948, Salvatore Trinchese, marine biologist of the 19th century and Cosimo Moschettini, agricultural scientist of the Enlightenment.
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