Martha Cooper is an American photojournalist born in the 1940s in Baltimore, Maryland. She worked as a staff photographer for the New York Post during the 1970s. She is best known for documenting the New York City graffiti scene of the 1970s and 1980s.
In 1984, Cooper and Henry Chalfant published their photographs of New York City graffiti in the book Subway Art, which has been called the graffiti bible and by 2009 had sold half a million copies.
Life and work
Cooper picked up photography at the age of three. She graduated from high school at the age of 16, earned an art degree at age 19 from Grinnell College. She taught English as a Peace Corps volunteer in Thailand, journeyed by motorcycle from Bangkok to London and received an anthropology diploma from Oxford. Her first experience in artistic photography began when Cooper was in Japan, and capturing images of elaborate tattoos.
She was a photography intern at National Geographic in the 1960s, and worked as a staff photographer at the New York Post in the 1970s. Her photographs have appeared in National Geographic, Smithsonian and Natural History magazines as well as several dozen books and journals.
Her most known personal work, the New York City graffiti scene of the 1970s and 1980s, began while working at the New York Post. On her return home from the Post she began taking photographs of children in her New York City neighborhood. One day she met a young kid named Edwin Serrano (He3) who helped expose her to some of the graffiti around her neighborhood. Serrano helped to explain to her that Graffiti is an art form and that each artist was actually writing his/her nickname. He introduced her to the graffiti "king", Dondi. Dondi was the first to allow her to accompany him – while he was tagging she would take photos of his work. After meeting with Dondi, Cooper became fascinated with the underground subculture that these graffiti artists had created in New York City. In the 1984 she put together a book of photographs illustrating the graffiti subculture called Subway Art. It became known as the Bible of street art.
In the 1980s Cooper worked briefly in Belize photographing the people and archaeological remains of the Mayan culture at sites such as Nohmul and Cuello.
In 2019 she was the subject of a documentary feature Martha: A Picture Story.
- Subway Art. By Cooper and Henry Chalfant. Thames & Hudson, London, 1984; Henry Holt, New York, 1984. ISBN 0-03-071963-1
- R.I.P.: New York Spraycan Memorials. Thames & Hudson, 1994. ISBN 0-500-27776-1
- Hip Hop Files: Photographs 1979-1984. From Here to Fame, 2004. ISBN 3-937946-05-5
- Street Play. From Here to Fame, 2005. ISBN 3-937946-16-0
- We B*Girlz. text by Nika Kramer, PowerHouse, 2005. ISBN 1-57687-269-6
- Tag Town. Dokument Press, 2007. ISBN 978-9185639052
- New York State of Mind. PowerHouse, 2007. ISBN 1-57687-408-7
- Going Postal. Mark Batty, 2009. ISBN 0-9799666-5-5
- Tokyo Tattoo 1970. Dokument, 2012. ISBN 978-9185639274
- Postcards from New York City. Dokument, 2012. ISBN 978-9185639557
- Reisser, Mirko; Peters, Gerrit; Zahlmann, Heiko, eds. (2001). Urban Discipline 2001: Graffiti-Art. Urban Discipline: Graffiti-Art (in English and German). Vol. 2 (1st ed.). Hamburg (Germany): getting-up. p. 104. ISBN 3-00-007960-2.
- Bachor, Kenneth (20 April 2017). "Preserving New York's History of Graffiti Art". Time. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- Andrea Kurland, "Martha Cooper: The photographer who introduced graffiti to the world: Creative Decay". Huck (magazine), 9 December 2016. Accessed 2 March 2018.
- Amy Newson, "The woman who captured NYC’s graffiti gangs". Dazed, 4 February 2016. Accessed 2 March 2018.
- Graustark, Barbara (10 April 2009). "Chronicler of the Furtive Arts". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- New Houston Street Mural Marks Street Art Photographer Martha Cooper’s 70th Birthday Archived 2013-10-04 at the Wayback Machine, Benjamin Sutton, ArtInfo, March 11, 2013
- Cooper, Martha (2004). Hip Hop Files: Photographs 1979-1984. From Here To Fame GmbH. ISBN 3-937946-05-5.
- "Martha Cooper Interview". At149st.com. February 21, 2001. Retrieved 2009-10-12.
- Gonzalez, David (18 April 2017). "Graffiti, Games and Hip-Hop Culture: Finding Art on the Street". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- "Gritty and Graffitied: Street art with photographer Martha Cooper". CNN Style. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- Vincent, Alice (11 September 2013). "Nuart and the women who are revolutionising graffiti". The Daily Telegraph.