Martha Graham (supercentenarian)

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Martha Graham
Born December 1844
Died June 25, 1959
(aged 114 years, 180 days)
Fayetteville, North Carolina
Known for Oldest person

Martha Graham (December 1844[1][2] – June 25, 1959) was an American supercentenarian who became the oldest person ever recorded, a title she held until the 1980s, when she was surpassed by Jeanne Calment.

Life and longevity[edit]

Little is known about Graham's life. She was born into slavery in December 1844.[1][2] Upon the death of Betsy Baker on October 24, 1955, Graham became the oldest person in the world.[2] Sometime in July 1958, Graham surpassed Delina Filkins's 1928 record as the oldest person ever recorded.[3]

On June 25, 1959, Graham died, aged 114 years, 180 days in Fayetteville, North Carolina.[1] Succeeding her as oldest person alive was James Henry Brett, Jr., another American.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c McWhirter 1982, p. 26.
  2. ^ a b c Folkard 2005, p. 22.
  3. ^ Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2004, p. 160
  4. ^ Folkard 2005, p. 23.


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Delina Filkins
Oldest recorded person ever
July 1958 – December 1979
Succeeded by
Shigechiyo Izumi
Preceded by
Betsy Baker
Oldest recognized living person
October 24, 1955 – June 25, 1959
Succeeded by
James Henry Brett, Jr.
Oldest recognized living woman
October 24, 1955 – June 25, 1959
Succeeded by
Christina Karnebeek