Martha P. Haynes
Prof. Martha P. Haynes
Martha Patricia Haynes
January 1, 1951
|Alma mater||Wellesley (BSc), Indiana (PhD)|
|Known for||Work mapping the universe with radio telescopes|
|Awards||Henry Draper Medal (1989) |
Catherine Wolfe Bruce Gold Medal (2019)
|Doctoral advisor||Morton Roberts|
Martha Patricia Haynes (born 1951) is an American astronomer who specializes in radio astronomy and extragalactic astronomy. She is the Goldwin Smith Professor of Astronomy at Cornell University. She has been on a number of high-level committees within the US and International Astronomical Community, including Advisory Committee for the Division of Engineering and Physical Sciences of the National Academies (2003–2008) and Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal Review (in 2010). She was a Vice-President of the Executive Committee of the International Astronomical Union from 2006–2012, and has been on the Board of Trustees of Associated Universities Inc since 1994.
Haynes graduated from Wellesley College in 1973 with a B.A. in physics and astronomy. She went to Indiana University for graduate school. There she received her M.A. in 1975 and her Ph.D. in 1978. From 1978 until 1981 she worked at the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center when she left to become the assistant director for the Green Bank Telescope. She joined the faculty at Cornell in 1983. There she worked with collaborator Riccardo Giovanelli, using radio telescopes to map the distribution of galaxies in the Universe.
Together with Riccardo Giovanelli, she came up with the idea of the Cerro Chajnantor Atacama Telescope (CCAT) in the mid-1990s. She is (as of 2020) the chairman of the board of directors for the CCAT-project.
Honors and awards
- In 1989, Haynes received together with her collaborator Riccardo Giovanelli the Henry Draper Medal "for the first three-dimensional view of some of the remarkable large-scale filamentary structures of our visible universe".
- In 1999 she was elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences and in 2000 was elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
- She was awarded the Catherine Wolfe Bruce Gold Medal of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific in 2019 "in recognition of a lifetime of outstanding achievement and contributions to astrophysics research".
- Asteroid 26744 Marthahaynes, discovered by astronomers of LONEOS program at Anderson Mesa Station in 2001, was named in her honor. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on November 8, 2019 (M.P.C. 118219).
- She was awarded the 2020 Karl G. Jansky Lectureship.
- She was elected a Legacy Fellow of the American Astronomical Society in 2020.
Haynes is married to longtime collaborator Riccardo Giovanelli. They live in New York.
- Haynes, M. P., and R. Giovanelli. "Large-Scale Structure in the Local Universe: The Pisces-Perseus Supercluster." In Large-Scale Motions in the Universe, V. C. Rubin and G. F. Coyne, eds. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988), 45.
- Haynes, M. P. "Evidence for Gas Deficiency in Cluster Galaxies." In Clusters of Galaxies, W. R. Oegerle, M. J. Fitchett, and L. Danly, eds. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990), 177.
- Vogt, N. P., T. Herter, M. P. Haynes, and S. Courteau. "The Rotation Curves of Galaxies at Intermediate Redshift." Astrophys. J. Lett. 415 (1993).
- Roberts, M. S., and M. P. Haynes. "Variation of Physical Properties along the Hubble Sequence." Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 32, 115 (1994).
- Haynes, M. P., and A. H. Broeils. "Cool HI Disks in Galaxies." In Gas Disks in Galaxies, J. M. van der Hulst, ed. (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1995), to appear.
- ALFALFA, an astronomical survey at the Arecibo Observatory
- Cornell University Staff Pages Retrieved on March 8, 2009.
-  Retrieved on October 19, 2012.
- "Vita Martha Patricia Haynes" (PDF). Retrieved February 24, 2011.
- "Exploring Extragalactic Neighborhoods". Cornell Research. June 10, 2020.
- NAS Henry Draper Medal Archived January 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on March 8, 2009.
- "Catherine Wolfe Bruce Gold Medal". ASP. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
- "(26744) Marthahaynes". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
- "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
- "Astronomer Martha Haynes awarded Jansky Lectureship | Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science Cornell Arts & Sciences".
- "AAS Fellows". AAS. Retrieved September 28, 2020.