|• Spoken||Tamil Malayalam|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Nearby Cities||Nagercoil & Trivandrum|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kanyakumari|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Vilavancode|
Marthandam is a major trade centre in Kuzhithurai municipality across National Highway (NH 47) in the Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu, India. Also known to some by the name Thoduvetty (another name for the Marthandam market region), it was a portion of Kanyakumari district which was added to the state of Tamil Nadu on 1 November 1956.
It is the second largest town next to Nagercoil in the district. Marthandam derived its name from the ruler of Travancore, Sri Padmanabhadasa Vanchipala Anizham Tirunal Bala Marthanda Varma. Martandam is famous for honey, cashew nut processing, rubber and hand-embroidered motifs. The area is full of greenery, and there is a river adjoining. It is also a major trade center due to its location bordering Kerala. It is one of the most fertile lands of Tamil Nadu and has the climatic conditions of Kerala. 
- 1 History
- 2 Education
- 3 List of hospitals & Other Clinics
- 4 Geography
- 5 Climate
- 6 Transport
- 7 Religion
- 7.1 Ayyapan Temple
- 7.2 Sree krishna Temple
- 7.3 Sree Easwarakla Boothathan Temple
- 7.4 Trimoorthy Temples
- 7.5 Sree Chamundesari Temple
- 7.6 Anjukannu Kalungu Sree Madan Thampuram IssakkiAmman Temple
- 7.7 Chitharal Jain Monuments
- 7.8 Churches
- 7.9 Religious festivals
- 8 Attractions
- 9 Folk arts
- 10 Notable places near Marthandam
- 11 Notes
- 12 External links
Southern Division, or Padmanabhapuram Division till 1921 and Trivandrum Division from 1921 to 1949, was one of the administrative divisions of the princely state of Travancore. It covered the five taluks of Agastiswaram, Eraniel, Kalkulam, Thovalay and Vilavancode and was administered by a civil servant of rank Diwan Peishkar equivalent to a District Collector in British India. The Southern division was predominantly Tamil-speaking in contrast to the other three divisions where Malayalam was spoken. In 1920, the neighbouring Trivandrum was also merged with the Southern division. In 1949, the princely state of Travancore was dissolved and the Southern Division was included in the Travancore-Cochin state of India. In 1956, the Tamil-speaking taluks of Southern Division were transferred to the neighbouring Madras State as per the States Reorganisation Act of 1956 and forms the present-day Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu. The Malayalam-speaking taluks of the erstwhile Trivandrum division form the Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala. The headquarters of the Southern Division were at Padmanabhapuram.
NVKS Higher Secondary school, Attoor, kanyakumari dist.
- St.Aloysius Higher Secondary School, Marthandanthurai, Kollencode
- St.Anns Matriculation School, Marthandanthurai, Kollencode
- Child Jesus matriculation school, Unnamalaikadai
- Christ International School, Malamary
- Good Shepherd Matriculation Higher Secondary School (Marthandam).
- Christuraja matriculation higher secondary school.
- Vidya joythi matriculation higher secondary school.
- Sacred heart international school.
- Hindu vidhyalaya matriculation school.
- L.M.S Girls higher secondary school.
- L.M.S Boys higher secondary school
- White memorial higher secondary school.
- M.J.K.M. Malankara Syrian catholic higher secondary school.
- Seventh day higher secondary school.
- Aided Higher Secondary School, Arumanai
- Infant Jesus Matriculation Higher Secondary School.
- Abraham James Memorial Matriculation School.
- Sinclair Primary School
- Pius XI Higher Secondary School, Thoothoor.
- Aided Higher Secondary School, Arumanai
- Government Boys Higher Secondary School, Marthandam.
- Government Girls Higher Secondary School, Marthandam.
- St. Joseph's Higher Secondary School, Thiruthuvapuram.
- Sree Krishna Vidhyalaya Matriculation School, Alampadi, Maruthancode.
- Abraham Memorial Higher Secondary School, Maruthancode.
- Nesamony Memorial Christian College.
- Immanual Arasar JJ College Of Engineering.
- Mar Ephraem College Of Engineering And Technology.
- Immanuel Arasar College Of Education.
- Marthandam College of Engineering and Technology.
- Maria College Of Engineering And Technology.
- JSS college of pharmacy.
- Malankara Catholic College, Mariagiri.
- CSI Institute of Technology.
- BWDA Polytechnic College
- St.Jude's College, Thoothoor
- Annai Velankanni College, Tholayavattam.
List of hospitals & Other Clinics
- Government Hospital, Marthandanthurai, Behind Marthandanthurai Church, Kollencode-629160
- Grace Hospital, Medavilagam, Near St.Antony's Church, Kollencode-629160
- Rita Nursing Home, Medavilagam, Near Bus Stand, Kollencode-629160
- Lister Hospital.
- Williams Child Care Hospital.
- PPK Hospital.
- Dr. Isaac Bone & Joint Speciality Hospital.
- Dr. Suresh Eye Hospital.
- Arun Heart Care Centre.
- Jayaraj Hospital.
- Shalom Orthopaedic Hospital.
- Paul Chris ENT(Ear Nose Throat ) Clinic.
- Ultra physiotheraphy Clinic.
- JJI Health Centre.
- Vincy Ashramam Ayurveda Hospital
- J.D. Hospital.
- CSI Mission Hospital.
- Sugam Hospital.
- Sri Dhanvanthy Vaithiyasalai.
- Shanthi Skin Clinic.
- Manju Nursing Home.
- Vinod Hospital.
- Jyothi Hospitals.
- Lissy Homeopathic Clinic.
- Government Hospital.
It is one of the most fertile lands of Tamil Nadu and has the climatic conditions of Kerala. It has a railway line connecting the capital of Kerala, Trivandrum, with the southernmost tip of India, Kanyakumari. Marthandam is well connected to Chennai, Mumbai, Bangalore by rail service also bus service to all over Tamil Nadu. The river Thamirabarani runs through the Marthandam city and every year a festival known as Vavubali will be celebrated at the banks of river Thamirabarani.
|Climate data for Kanyakumari|
|Average high °C (°F)||28
|Average low °C (°F)||24
Marthandam lies on the National Highway connecting the city of Trivandrum and Nagercoil. A bus stand is located in Marthandam near the Market Road.
The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport, which is 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Marthandam.
It has a railway line connecting the capital of Kerala, Trivandrum, with the southernmost tip of India, Kanyakumari. Kuzhithurai station is found to be centered between Trivandrum — Kanyakumari railway route. This railway station collection is more than seven crore per annum and a daily passenger patronage of more than 50,000 people. The station has two platforms and falls on the Kanyakumari—Trivandrum line in the Trivandrum Division of the Southern Railway zone. most of all daily trains passing through the station halts in Kuzhithurai station. Marthandam is well connected to Chennai, Mumbai, Bangalore by rail service also bus service to all over Tamil Nadu
There is a Lord Ayyappa temple in Marthandam at the banks of Kuzhithurai River. This temple is known as either "Vettuvenni temple" or "Vedi Vechan Kovil". The latter one due to the fire cracker being burst at the temple as a mark of prayer to Lord Ayyappa. This temple is just by the side of National Highway NH-47 connecting Trivandrum with Nagercoil.
Sree krishna Temple
There is a famous Sree Krishna temple at Kannacode in Marthandam. Name of the locality Kannacode is derived from the presence of this temple dedicated to Sree Krishna who is in Balagopala form in this temple.Historical records say that Travancore king Sri Vishakam Thirunal who ruled from 1880 AD to 1885 AD used to pray every month at this temple to ward off his BudhagrahaDosham. Renovation of the temple has been recently done by contribution from devotees. Situated in a peaceful location on the banks of Tamravarni river, this temple is called Guruvayoor of Kanyakumari district.On the Rohini star day of every Tamil/Malayalam month, SriSudarsana homam is conducted in this temple.
Sree Easwarakla Boothathan Temple
Alappancode Sree Easwarakla Boothathan Temple is just 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from Kuzhithurai Jn to wards Arumanai Road and adjacent to Melpuram Jn. In Tamil Nadu it is the only temple where a large number of caparisoned elephants are participating in the annual festival. Every year more than thirty-five decorated elephants are joining for the procession. The procession will start from the Kariyathara Temple in Anducode and finish in Alappancode, and the procession will cover about seven kilometers (4 miles). Devotees from Kerala and Tamil Nadu gather here to see the festival. The festival will be held on the last Saturday of December.
The famous Trimoorthy temples called Mahadevar, Brahma and Mahavishnu temples are in one compound at banks of famous Tamraparni River, just walkable distance from Kuzhithurai Bus stand.
Sree Chamundesari Temple
The Sree Chamundesari temple is just adjacent to the Mahadevar temple. Though the temples are under Devaswam board, the temples are maintained by a best trust called Kuzhithurai Sree Mahadevar Shektra Samrakshna Samithi; with the help of devotees of this surrounding area the committee has spent a huge amount[clarification needed] for the renovation of the temples. A large number[clarification needed] of devotees from Kanyakumari and Trivadrum District visit Sree Chamundeswari Temple for special poojas, especially unmarried girls for a good marriage life.
Anjukannu Kalungu Sree Madan Thampuram IssakkiAmman Temple
Festivals celebrated there are: Year festivals for 7 days, Shivrathri (Shivalaya Ottam), Saraswathy pooja, Deepawali, Thrikkarthika, Monthly Ammavasya, yearly Kumbhabishegam, Pongal.
Chitharal Jain Monuments
The Chitharal Jain Monuments are the ruins of a Jain training centre from the 9th century CE, on a small hill. It is famous for the hillock which has a cave containing rock-cut sculptures of Thirthankaras and attendant deities carved inside and outside dating back to the 9th century. Among the rock-cut relief sculptures is a figure of the goddess Dharmadevi. Jain influence in this region was due to the King Mahendravarman I (610-640).
Marthandam CSI Church
The Marthandam CSI Church in the Main Road at the junction was built by Rev. Robert Sinclair born in Scotland who came to India after his ordination as a minister on 3 August 1910, in Scotland. He succeeded Rev. H.I Hacker in 1919 and came to Marthandam and served from 1920 to 1939.
St. Antony's Church
St. Antony's Church is located in Vettuvenni near to Thamiraparani Kuzhithurai River. St. Antony's Church was under control of Roman Catholic Parish of Kuzhithurai Diosiose. St. Antony's Church was very popular and various miracles happening for peoples due to the blessings of Jesus through St. Antony. Every Tuesday and Friday Special Mass have been conducted.
Eparchy of Marthandam
The Eparchy of Marthandom (also called Marthandam) is a Syro-Malankara Catholic diocese in Tamil Nadu, with a full title of Syro-Malankara Catholic Eparchy of Marthandom (Christ the King Cathedral). It was created by Pope John Paul II on 16 December 1996. It was the fourth diocese of the Syro-Malankara church. It consists of three civil districts: Kaliakkavilai, Marthandam, Nagercoil. Pope: Francis, Major: Moran Mor Baselios Cardinal, Archbishop: Cleemis Catholicos, Bishop: Vincent Mar Paulos. And it has a total area: 1,665 km2 (643 sq mi), population: 20,669,924, Malankara Catholics: 65,000; languages: Tamil, English, Malayalam.
TPM church in Marthandam is located on Bethel Street, while IPC Marthandam Central Church is also located nearby.
Christmas celebration is massive in Marthandam. In this district, Christmas is celebrated more than the rest of Tamil Nadu. Onam is also celebrated well in this district due to its neighbour Kerala and presence of Malayalam-speaking people throughout the border of district. Also festivals such as Deepavali, New Year, Ramzan, and Easter are celebrated in this district.
Tourist spots nearby
- Padmanabhapuram Palace.
- Udayagiri Fort.
- Thirparappu water falls.
- Pechiparai Reservoir.
- Thengapattanam Beach.
It is one of the longest and highest aqueducts in South Asia and is also a popular tourist spot in Kanyakumari District. The aqueduct is built across the Pahrali river, a small river that originates in the Mahendragiri Hills of the Western Ghats. Mathur Aqueduct itself carries water of the Pattanamkal canal for irrigation over the Pahrali river, from one hill to another, for a distance of close to one kilometer. This Aqueduct is necessitated due to the undulating land terrain of the area, which is also adjacent to the hills of the Western Ghats.
Mathur Aqueduct is a concrete structure held up by 28 huge pillars; the maximum height of the pillars reaching 115 feet (35 m). The trough structure is 7 ft in height, with a width of 7.5 ft (2.3 m). The trough is partly covered on top with concrete slabs, allowing people to walk on the bridge and also see the water going through the trough. Some of the pillars are set in rocks of the Pahrali river, though some of the pillars are set in hills on either side.
Road access allows one to drive in to one side of the Aqueduct (up to one end), while it is also possible to drive into the foot of the Aqueduct (the level where the Pahrali flows) on the opposite side. There is also a huge flight of stairs (made in recent times) that allows one to climb from the level of the Pahrali river to the trough.
There are several Folk Arts practiced in temples for Sastha (ayyanar), Sudalaimadan and Isakkiamman. Villupattu is especially for Sastha temples and Kaniankoothu is practiced for Sudalaimadan. Grand Tamil poet Avvaiyar temples are found along with Isakki amman temples and worship of teachings of Avvaiyar can be observed
Many Folk arts and dances are popular in this district. They are played during the time of festivals in temples, celebrations in schools etc. Bow Song (Villu Paatu) is an ancient form of musical- storytelling art of southern Tamil Nadu. Villu Paatu has been especially popular in Thovalai and neighbouring areas of the district.
Bow, the age-old weapon of warriors - paradoxically lends itself to be used as a primary musical instrument for the Villu Pattu artists. There are Udukku, Kudam, Thala, Kattai, etc. as supplementary instruments in their performances. Udukku, mentioned in the ancient Tamil literature as Thudi, is a small drum with a slender middle portion which is held in the left hand and played by the fingers of the right hand. Occasionally, the Villu Pattu team divides itself into two groups, each trying to prove opposite points-of-view of a subject. This is called Lavani Pattu. The songs used by the Villu Pattu artists are mostly traditional folk-songs.
Thiruvathirai Kali occupies the pride of place among the folk dances. It resembles Kummi and is played especially during Onam festival. The players are young girls. The necessary number of girls is 8,10,12 or 16 for each dance. They move round and sing in chorus. Each girl strikes the stick (Kole) which she holds in each hand, and the striking of the sticks and the steps, which she makes are rhythmical to the tune.
Kalial is a folk dance played by group of men or boys in the country side. A group leader sings songs and keeps time with cymbals. The players stand in a circle with sticks in their hand and dance round a lighted lamp repeating the songs sung by the leader. They turn, twist, lean forward and backward, squat and move round singing to the tune. At the beginning the steps are elaborate and at times, they are also very quick. When invited to perform in a function, the players generally begin the dance with an invocation for heavenly aid and conclude the dance with a torch - dance using lighted torches. This folk dance exhibits the artistic and recreative life of the country side.
Kathakali is a unique form of drama, which has its origin in Travancore. Kathakali (story-dance) is a relatively recent (fifteenth or sixteenth century) development of earlier dances, which, like dances every where, arose out of religious expression through symbolical action. In this art-form, the characters express their ideas not by words, but by significant gestures. In Kanyakumari District, it is now played in the temples at Thiruvattar, Thirparappu, Ponmana, Kuzhithura, Neyyoor, Nattalam and Munchira during the time of festivals.
Ottam Thullal is a form of story telling. It is a popular for of amusement, staged in the temple premises and Malayalam is the language commonly used. Ottam Thullal is now played in the temples of Thiruvattar, Thirparappu, Ponmana, Nattalam and Thirunanthikara in the district during the time of festivals.
Kalari, is an ancient martial art of Kerala. A tradition believed to have been founded by Parasurama is known as Vadakkan Kalari ; another is credited to Agasthiar in which the emphasis is on striking at vital points of the body and not on weapons, even through sword, knife, Urumi (rolling sword), Mankombu (horns of a deer), Kandakkodali, (a kind of axe), mazhu (a kind of axe) etc., are also used. Kanyakumari district is home to an indigenous form of martial arts called 'Adimurai' or 'naadan', which is often confused with the Kalari of Kerala, in spite of its uniqueness.
Notable places near Marthandam
The following towns are within 3–18 km (1.9–11.2 mi) from Marthandam:
- Arumanai, 10 km
- Kappukad, 4 km
- Karavilai, 3 km
- Karungal, 8 km
- Kollenvilagam, 3 km
- Kottagom, 4 km
- Kulasekaram, 11 km
- Kuzhithurai, 3 km
- Manjalumoodu, 14 km
- Thoothoor, 14 km
- Marthandanthurai, 17 km
- Melpuram, 7 km
- Munchirai, 8 km
- Neerody, 18 km
- Pacode, 4 km
- Palliyadi, 7 km
- Payanam, 3 km
- Pulippunam, 5 km
- Thengapattanam, 13 km
- Thirunattalam, 4 km
- Vallavilai, 18 km
- [Vidya Jothi Matriculation Higher Secondary School Market Rd, Marthandam, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/SwM3p]
- "Nesamony Memorial Christian College". Nmcc.ac.in. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
- "Immanuel Araser JJ college Of Engineering". Iajjeng.com. 2016-04-10. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
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- [Lister Hospital PPK Rd, Marthandam, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/ati70]
- [Williams Child Care Hospital NH47, Marthandam, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/Nw1FS]
- [PPK Memorial Hospital NH47, Marthandam, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/KSkOJ]
- [Dr. Isaac Bone & Joint specialty Hospital NH47, Marthandam, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/XRWqG]
- [Jayaraj Hospital NH47, Marthandam, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/NYPkh]
- [Shalom Orthopaedic Hospital NH 66, Unnamalaikadai, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/bhVI2]
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- [J. D. Hospital +(91)-4653-266267 Tholikode, Theruvukadai Post, Marthandam, Kanyakumari - 629165 http://www.jsdl.in/DT-997Q2UGZ]
- [CSI Mission Hospital NH47, Kuzittura, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/0PZtY]
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- [Shanthi Hospital Marthandam-Thengapattanam Rd, Marthandam, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/DD1H3]
- [MANJU HOSPITAL 3/34 G, Main Road, Opposite CSI Church, Marthandam, Marthandam, Kanniyakumari district, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/PDx5R]
- [VINOD Hospital Marthandam, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/jtePW]
- [Jyothi Hospitals PPK Rd, Marthandam, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/mLGsw]
- [Lissy Homoeopathic Clinic Paruthivilai Street, NH47, Marthandam, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/VZx31]
- [Government Hospital Main Road, NH47, Marthandam, Tamil Nadu 629165 http://goo.gl/maps/u9xZE]
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