Bathin

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Bathin (also Bathym, Mathim, or Marthim) is a demon described in demonological grimoires.

Variations[edit]

He is ranked as a duke in the Lesser Key of Solomon (as the eighteenth spirit) and Johann Weyer's Pseudomonarchia Daemonum (as the tenth spirit), where he is described as a serpent-tailed and muscular man riding a pale horse, who knows the properties of plants and stones, transports people across countries, and rules 30 legions of demons.[1][2] He also appears in the Livre des Esperitz, as "Machin," without the horse but ruling 37 legions of demons.[3] The German edition of The Grimoire of Pope Honorius describes Bathin (again by the name Machin) as teaching about and providing foreign plants and rocks.[4][5] In the Grand Grimoire, he (as Bathsin or Bathim) is listed as a subordinate of Fleurety.[6] According to Rudd, Bathin is opposed by the Shemhamphorasch angel Caliel.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peterson, Joseph H., ed. (2001). Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis: The Lesser Key of Solomon, Detailing the Ceremonial Art of Commanding Spirits Both Good and Evil;. Maine: Weiser Books. p. 15. ISBN 1-57863-220-X.
  2. ^ Weyer, Johann (1563). Peterson, Joseph H. (ed.). Pseudomonarchia Daemonum (Liber officiorum spirituum). Twilit Grotto: Esoteric Archives (published 2000). par. 10.
  3. ^ Boudet, Jean-Patrice (2003). "Les who's who démonologiques de la Renaissance et leurs ancêtres médiévaux". Médiévales (in French) (44). Revues.org. par. 25, 28, 49. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Banner, James, ed. (1999). The Grimoire of Pope Honorius. Translated by Ch'ien, Kineta (first ed.). Seattle, Washington: Trident Books. p. 15. ISBN 1879000091.
  5. ^ Rankine, David; Barron, Paul Harry, eds. (2013). The Complete Grimoire of Pope Honorius (First ed.). London: Avalonia Books. p. 221. ISBN 978-1-905297-65-8.
  6. ^ Waite, Arthur Edward (1913). "Part II, Chapter III: 'Concerning the Descending Hierarchy,' Section 1: 'The Names and Offices of Evil Spirits'". The Book of Ceremonial Magic. Internet Sacred Text Archive (published 2002). pp. 184–193.
  7. ^ Rudd, Thomas (2007). Skinner, Stephen; Rankine, David (eds.). The Goetia of Dr Rudd. Golden Hoard Press. pp. 366–376. ISBN 073872355X.