Martin, Georgia

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Martin, Georgia
Town
Location in Stephens County and the state of Georgia
Location in Stephens County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 34°29′12″N 83°11′8″W / 34.48667°N 83.18556°W / 34.48667; -83.18556Coordinates: 34°29′12″N 83°11′8″W / 34.48667°N 83.18556°W / 34.48667; -83.18556
Country United States
State Georgia
Counties Stephens, Franklin
Area
 • Total 2.53 sq mi (6.56 km2)
 • Land 2.51 sq mi (6.50 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation 919 ft (280 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 381
 • Density 152/sq mi (58.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 30557
Area code(s) 706
FIPS code 13-50008[1]
GNIS feature ID 0317732[2]

Martin is a town in Stephens and Franklin County counties in the U.S. state of Georgia. The population was 381 at the 2010 census,[3] up from 311 at the 2000 census. Martin was incorporated in 1891. Its first settler, Henry C. Black, was the Air Line Railroad agent at its station (set up in 1877) at the junction of Red Hollow Road and the railroad. Henry Black built houses and established stores around the junction, which attracted other settlers. The Red Hollow Road was an important conduit for farm products from the mountain areas to Augusta and Savannah. The town was named for John Martin, a Rhode Island man who became governor of Georgia in 1782.[4]

Geography[edit]

Martin is located in southeastern Stephens County at 34°29′12″N 83°11′8″W / 34.48667°N 83.18556°W / 34.48667; -83.18556 (34.486662, -83.185656)[5] A small portion extends south into Franklin County. It is bordered to the north by the town of Avalon. Georgia State Route 17 passes through Martin, leading northwest 11 miles (18 km) to Toccoa and southeast 6 miles (10 km) to Lavonia.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Martin has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.6 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.85%, is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 160
1910 377 135.6%
1920 344 −8.8%
1930 463 34.6%
1940 242 −47.7%
1950 207 −14.5%
1960 209 1.0%
1970 201 −3.8%
1980 305 51.7%
1990 243 −20.3%
2000 311 28.0%
2010 381 22.5%
Est. 2015 367 [6] −3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 311 people, 127 households, and 84 families residing in the town. The population density was 207.8 people per square mile (80.1/km²). There were 153 housing units at an average density of 102.2 per square mile (39.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 72.03% White, 26.37% African American, 0.96% Asian, 0.32% from other races, and 0.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.64% of the population.

There were 127 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,000, and the median income for a family was $43,750. Males had a median income of $31,333 versus $19,191 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,009. About 3.4% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 41.9% of those age 65 or over.

Seasonal activities[edit]

Martin Georgia has an annual "Fall Festival". The festival is located in the main street of town running approximately one quarter mile and occurs on the last Saturday of October of each year. The festival generally includes a live band, food vendors, local handmade crafts, and commercially made items.

The Christmas season is celebrated in Martin with a light display that runs along a one half mile stretch. Lighted snowflakes, Christmas singers, reindeer, and other items associated with the season are situated along Main Street.

Commerce[edit]

As of September 2011, the town of Martin has a few Main Street business. A local "gently used" shop by the name of "The One Stop Baby Shop" is located at the caution light on Main Street. During the summer of 2011 an ice cream shop was opened up with a moving water wheel decoration. There is also an antique shop and a small plant nursery that is open seasonally.

Martin is the location of Shepherd's Hill Academy, a private therapeutic boarding school.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Martin town, Georgia". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  4. ^ Cooksey, Elizabeth B. (2014). Stephens County. New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 11 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.