Martin, Hampshire

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Martin
Martin, thatched cottages - geograph.org.uk - 1329946.jpg
Martin
Martin is located in Hampshire
Martin
Martin
Location within Hampshire
Population398 [1]
413 (2011 Census)[2]
OS grid referenceSU068196
Civil parish
  • Martin
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townFORDINGBRIDGE
Postcode districtSP6
Dialling code01725
PoliceHampshire
FireHampshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°58′33″N 1°54′15″W / 50.9759°N 1.9041°W / 50.9759; -1.9041Coordinates: 50°58′33″N 1°54′15″W / 50.9759°N 1.9041°W / 50.9759; -1.9041

Martin is a village and civil parish in the New Forest district in Hampshire. The nearest town Fordingbridge is 7 miles (11 km) to the southeast, and the cathedral city of the beautiful Salisbury is 12 miles (19 km) to the northeast.[3]

Overview[edit]

Martin straddles the Allen (a tributary of the Avon) and forms the most western projection of Hampshire. The village street runs north-west to south-east through the parish.[4] The hamlets of East Martin and Tidpit are close by.[3] The parish was part of Wiltshire until 1895.[5] The main Dorchester - Salisbury road passes about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) west of the village (A354).

The church of All Saints at Martin dates from Norman times although much of its fabric is fourteenth century.[5] Of note are its Elizabethan chalice, a paten dated 1743 and an 18th century baluster font[6]. The village green has an old village pump over a well, an iron frame impaled by a cranked spindle.[7] The base of the 15th century village cross can also be seen here.[8]

The chalk grasslands of Martin Down are a national nature reserve.[9]

In 1983 the village was used as one of the scenes for the Doctor Who episode The Awakening;[10] the other being Shapwick, Dorset.

History[edit]

Martin is surrounded by prehistoric sites, including Bokerley Dyke,[11] and the very long Grim's Ditch which extends into Dorset and Wiltshire.[11] Knap Barrow is 95 metres long and is the longest barrow in Hampshire.[9]

The name Martin probably derives from Old English "Maeretun" meaning "boundary farm", or "Meretun" meaning "pond farm".[12] Martin is first documented around 945 when land at Martin formed part of a grant by King Edmund to Æthelflæd.[4] At the time of the Domesday Book of 1086 it was included in the manor of Damerham, and subsequently descended with that manor.[4] In 1266 Henry III granted to Glastonbury Abbey a weekly Wednesday market in their manor of Martin, and a fair on the eve, day and morrow of the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul, and in 1332, Edward III granted a market on Fridays.[4] In 1483 part of the Abbot of Glastonbury's manor of East Martin was granted to the King for the enlargement of his park of Blagdon, Dorset.[4]

There was a manor of West Martin which may have originated as a grant of land from Damerham manor granted by Henry de Sully Abbot of Glastonbury in the 12th century.[4] It was annexed before 1400 by Robert Petevyn, and afterwards belonged to the estate of Little Damerham.[4] The nearby manor of Tidpit was also held of Glastonbury Abbey in the 13th century, and subsequently became merged with that of Damerham.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 Census Neighbourhood Statistics - Civil Parishes in the New Forest". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b About Martin, Martin Parish Council
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Victoria County History of Hampshire: Martin
  5. ^ a b Hampshire Treasures Volume 5 (New Forest) Page 219
  6. ^ The Buildings of England, Hampshire, Pevsner and Lloyd,Penguin. ISBN 0 14 0710.32 9
  7. ^ Hampshire Treasures Volume 5 (New Forest) Page 227
  8. ^ Hampshire Treasures Volume 5 (New Forest) Page 225
  9. ^ a b Hampshire Treasures Volume 5 (New Forest) Page 221
  10. ^ The Awakening, www.doctorwholocations.net
  11. ^ a b Hampshire Treasures Volume 5 (New Forest) Page 224 Archived 2009-05-11 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Martin, Old Hampshire Gazetteer

External links[edit]